ICEnews February 2014

All "that's cool" in Instrumentation and Control Engineering - "It's Purely Technical" - For Engineers by Engineers!

Please support our sponsors below, they make ICEnews possible

Welcome to the February 2014 issue of ICEnews, the Instrumentation, and Control Engineering news source. ICEnews is a compendium of useful information. 

An Important Message From ICEnews

Not many of you will be aware that ICEweb and ICEnews are produced as a free engineering resource for our Wonderful Automation Discipline by myself as a “one man band” on a Semi Retired Basis. Unfortunately the volume of work has been growing owing to the demands caused by Search Engine Optimisation, Maintaining 250 odd pages, adding new ones and a longer term project of changing the format from FrontPage to an alternative. The small mount of revenue that comes in from ICEweb page sponsorship just about pays for the costs associated with running the site, however this does not particularly concern me as the site was always about “giving back”. Thus I am afraid something “has to give” and hence I have decided that ICEnews will no longer be issued quarterly. The only way that it can continue is by unpaid volunteer effort, so if you are a retired Instrument Engineer looking for a challenge and like me interested in "giving back" please contact me. Notwithstanding this I am considering replacing ICEnews with a blog. I must thank all the Sponsors over the years and of course YOU... The Readers, for your support over the past 10 years.  ICEweb will continue as normal...Jim Russell


We want to make this newsletter a source of information that YOU can use in YOUR job, while also keeping you informed on what is happening in our industry both directly and indirectly. We welcome your Press Releases, information, AND any technical articles you may have that could be appropriate for this newsletter or our web site. If you have something you would like to contribute, please send it to ICEnews.

ICEweb’s primary purpose is to disseminate information about Instrumentation, Control, Electrical and Fire & Gas Engineering to you the practitioners and developers of these arts. Our quarterly publication ICEnews is another mechanism to get this information out to you.

We strive to get you high quality mainly technical information for free with direct access to technical papers where possible, without those time consuming pesky registration links which only add more unsolicited mail to your inbox.

Subscribe to this newsletter by registering your e-mail address via ICEweb or sending a note with the subject ‘subscribe ICEnews’ to ICEnews. Generally you will only get one email per quarter.

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ICEart - Technical articles related to Instrumentation and Control (Just "click" on the Hyperlink for the full article or paper)

Windows XP Cyber Time Bomb set for April 8, 2014 - Bill Lydon - The huge installed base of automation software running on Windows XP will be vulnerable to cyber-attacks with the end of Windows XP support April 8, 2014. More than 12 years old, Windows XP is the longest supported version of Windows ever and therefore is the most used in industrial automation systems - from

Windows XP in Automation - Time for Action - The extended support and availability of security updates for Microsoft Windows XP will expire in April 2014. Asset owners with a need to continue secure operation of industrial Windows XP applications beyond that deadline should soon think about their course of action. Upgrading to a newer operating system is not the only option.

ICEbooks – Useful Books, Software and New Releases related to Instrumentation and Control

Need Some Technical “know-how”? ICEweb has a page which details a selection of excellent Instrumentation, Automation, Control, Electrical, Electronic and Information Technology books from IDC Technologies. These can be purchased from ICEweb . Also detailed are other links to more useful references.

What’s in your pocket? Why not fill your pocket with an IDC pocket guide. Their six Engineering Pocket Guides are bursting with over 500 pages of valuable information. The six titles include: Instrumentation, Electrical Engineering, Data Communications, Formulae and Conversions, Electronic Engineering and Industrial Automation. Whether you are interested in just the one title or if you need the whole set send an email to  

New Edition of ISA book on Wireless Networks for Industrial Automation covers the Latest Advances for Wireless Process Control Networks - The International Society of Automation (ISA) has announced that it has published a fourth edition of its highly popular book on wireless networks for industrial automation, updated with an extensive analysis of today’s newest wireless technologies. The book Wireless Networks for Industrial Automation, Fourth Edition by Dick Caro, ISA Life Fellow and industrial automation consultant at CMC Associates, provides a clear, unbiased view of the emerging wireless communications market, and closely examines the latest advances in wireless technologies for process control, such as ISA100 Wireless (ANSI/ISA-100.11a), WirelessHART, WIA-PA and WiFi, including IEEE 802.11n and 802.11ac. “A lot has changed in the marketplace since the third edition of my book was published,” notes Caro, a widely recognized expert in industrial networking and current chair of two ISA100 Wireless standards subcommittees. “At that time, ISA100 Wireless was just being developed and WirelessHART had just been announced. This new edition covers their transition to well-established, proven standards, and provides guidance to those seeking a comparison of the two.”

ISA Publishes New Book that Points to the Urgent need for Automated Safety Systems to Prevent Nuclear Power Plant Disasters - The International Society of Automation (ISA) has announced that it has published a new book that declares that another Chernobyl- or Fukushima-like catastrophe is inevitable unless nuclear power plants across the world adopt fully automated safety systems. Automation Can Prevent the Next Fukushima by Béla G. Lipták, P.E., a well-known automation, optimization and safety control consultant with more than 50 years in safety control system design experience, explains that while the automation technology exists to prevent the vast majority of nuclear reactor disasters, the world’s nuclear energy facilities continue to rely on human operators to monitor plant conditions and manually take corrective safety measures when needed.

ICEbus - Information on any of the 26 different bus systems in use in the area of Instrumentation and Control.

Foundation Fieldbus, Fourth Edition - Ian Verhappen and Augusto Pereira

The fourth edition of Foundation Fieldbus significantly expands the subject matter of the earlier editions of this popular book not only to help you stay current with this evolving technology but to also enhance your understanding of Fieldbus. This edition provides in-depth coverage on Fieldbus communications and configuration, including calculation of macrocycle for Control-In-Field and in the Host system and how the different forms of communication on the H1 network work with each other to make Control-In-Field possible, including the use of these different methods to optimise network bandwidth.

Part of the field network evolutionary process includes a need to understand better how the changes in Electronic Device Description Language (EDDL), Field Device Tool (FDT), and Field Device Integration (FDI) will affect the way Fieldbus and other networks work together with asset management systems of the future, and your interaction with field devices.

More comprehensive step-by-step procedures are discussed for each stage of a typical FF installation: Inspection and electric commissioning to ensure cable integrity, H1 Network commissioning, configuration, and communications tests in the segments and the spurs. Several new photographs and explanations help emphasize the proper installation procedures so you can quickly identify and prevent potential problems when installing Fieldbus systems.

The contents of the entire book are then put to use with a full sample network design. The example is based on a typical simplified distillation tower and includes sample calculations/documentation-based.

The fourth edition explains Foundation Fieldbus in a convenient, easy-to-understand way, regardless of your level of experience; a novice wanting to learn what FF is all about or an experienced user looking for a few more tips and a single handy reference.

Field Device Integration (FDI) Specification and Developer Tools Now Available - The Fieldbus Foundation has announced the first public release of FDI Cooperation, LLC’s Field Device Integration (FDI) specification and a demo of the FDI developer toolkits, both of which will make it possible for automation suppliers to prepare for developing products and host systems compatible with FDI.

FOUNDATION Fieldbus H1 Interoperability Test Kit 6.1.1 Now Available - The Fieldbus Foundation has announced the release of the Foundation fieldbus H1 Interoperability Test Kit (ITK) 6.1.1. The H1 ITK is an advanced testing solution benefiting both developers and end users of Foundation fieldbus H1 devices. The latest version of the Interoperability test kit reflects the increased focus of the Fieldbus Foundation on usability. The Fieldbus Foundation has already made enhancements to its Interoperability Test Kit (ITK) that make it easier for end users to replace “Like for Like” devices. In other words, the procedure for replacing a device with a newer revision level of the same make and model of device is automated to allow the configuration in an existing field instrument to be restored in a newer version of that instrument without manual intervention.

Fieldbus Foundation Announces Usability Enhancements To FOUNDATION Technical Specifications - New features will help improve user experience with all-digital fieldbus technology - The Fieldbus Foundation have announced the latest updates to its open, non-proprietary Foundation fieldbus technical specifications. The new features will enhance the usability of Foundation technology, with the ultimate goal of making the digital fieldbus automation experience easier than conventional analog control systems. The updated version of the Foundation specification includes additional advanced support for fieldbus device replacement and backwards compatibility, Device Description (DD) templates, field diagnostics and alarm/alert integration. The ability to utilize these enhanced features is included in the foundation's new Host Profile C, which will be available for registration in early 2014.

Final Specification for ISA100.11a Device Integration Released - Technology incorporates leading network protocols in Foundation for ROM infrastructure - The Fieldbus Foundation has released the final specification for integration of ISA100.11a wireless field devices into its Foundation for Remote Operations Management (ROM) technology. Unlike solutions limited to a single network standard, this development allows automation end users to employ multiple wired and wireless protocols for greater flexibility and expandability.

Redundant Intrinsically Safe Fieldbus Barriers - Fieldbus Barriers are widely adopted in Foundation fieldbus networks to connect to intrinsically safe instruments in Zone 1 hazardous areas. But while redundancy is routinely specified for many other aspects of the fieldbus installation - to avoid downtime and lost production – overall system availability has been compromised by the lack of redundancy in the device coupler. Now, for the first time, MTL gives users the choice of specifying redundant Fieldbus Barriers for fieldbus segments that are critical to the ‘up-time’ of the process. By duplicating the barrier function in the remote field enclosure, the units will tolerate hardware failures without interrupting the operation of the fieldbus segment. In the event of a fault, notification is provided to the host control system, prompting replacement of the failed hardware and the restoration of full redundancy.

ICEed - Educational links associated with Instrumentation, Control and Fire & Gas

Call for Papers - If you have an upcoming conference and are calling for papers please contact us.



IDC have a range of E-Learning courses Covering Data Communications, Electrical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Instrumentation, Mechanical Engineering and Project Management .


Training and Workshop Schedules

New!!! Upcoming Instrument and Electrical Workshops and Conferences in Australia, Canada, United Kingdom and United States

Free Courses! - The Engineering Institute of Technology, in conjunction with IDC Technologies will be running regular hour workshops covering basics, troubleshooting, new developments and much more including;

12 Feb 2014 - Fundamentals of Process Control - Register Here

19 Feb 2014 - Live Munch, Lunch and Learn Session: Australian Electrical Wiring Standards - Register Here

26 Feb 2014 - Live Session: Nuts and Bolts of Fieldbus, Ethernet and Wireless - Register Here

12 Mar 2014 - Lightning, Earthing/Grounding and Surge Protection - Register Here

19 Mar 2014 - Live Munch, Lunch and Learn Session: High Voltage Design - Register Here

02 Apr 2014 - Live Session: Troubleshooting PLCs - Register Here

Downloads of slides from past technical courses

ICElinks - Electronic Instrumentation Newsletters and links of Potential Interest to our readers.

A really great website for the latest news is the Read-Out Instrumentation Signpost.

Control Engineering have a great range of newsletters covering;

Are you into Hydraulics? Brendon Casey's Inside Hydraulics Newsletter contains loads of technical tips and money saving techniques.

Automation World offers some electronic newsletters of interest including;

The Flow Control Network has a excellent newsletter for flow "buffs".

Jim Pinto's Website has lots of great content pertaining to Automation.

Looking for some Technical Information on Control, Electrical Instrumentation, Fire & Gas, Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) and many other subjects?

ICEweb has nearly 100 Control, Instrumentation, Fire & Gas, Safety Instrumented Systems core pages and a total of more than 300 pages - It Really is Cool Engineering - By Engineers for Engineers it must be just about the World's first choice for Technical Information.

Search the vast ICEweb Free Technical Engineering Library for information on Control, Fire & Gas Systems, Electrical, Instrumentation and Safety Instrumented Systems.



ICEnew — Great new Technical Links posted on ICEweb.

ICEweb has developed the following pages thanks to our sponsor Prochem Pipeline Products;
Heat Tracing and Bundles - Heat Tracing, Bundles, Heated Hose, General theory, Applications and more!
Instrument Valves, Accessories, Enclosures, Sunshades and Supports
Pressure Regulators - General Theory, Technical Papers, Maintenance, Applications and more.
Samplers - On-Line Samplers Liquid Samplers, Gas Samplers, Solids Samplers, Applications and more
Monoflanges, Instrument Manifolds - Technical Data, Specifications, Application Data, Installation, Operation, Maintenance and more.

Just Click on the following to go straight to your area of Interest.

Actuators | Analysers | Analyser Sample Systems | Burner Management Systems | Cables | Choke Valves | Control Valves | Control Systems | Corrosion | Condition Monitoring | Data Loggers | Instrumentation, Control, Fire & Gas, Electrical and SIS Design Engineering | Instrumentation Databases | Process Simulators | Electrical | Earthing and GroundingElectrical Safety | Enclosures | ESD/BDV/SDV Valves | Flow | Fire & Gas | Ex Equip & Haz Areas | HIPPS | Hydraulics | Instrument Valves, Tubing and Fittings | Laser | Level | New Technologies | Pressure | Pressure Relief Valves | Rupture Discs | Safety Instrumented Systems | Safety | Security | Severe Service Control Valves | Solenoid Valves | Oil & Gas Valves | Supplier Resources | Surge & Lightening Protect | Test & Cal | Terminals | Temperature | Valves | Variable Speed Drives | Man & Automation Safety | Tools for Engineers | Signal Cond/Transmitters/Converters and Isolators | Instrument Technology | Wireless | ICEtime


ICEweb's Analyser pages cover many types of analysers plus their associated sample systems.

The Following articles are from the excellent Control Global.
How to Select an Analyzer - Revising Specifications During the Design Phase is Good Engineering. The Need to Make Changes after Start-Up is Not - Selecting the right analyzer for a particular application requires that a sequence of logical steps is followed.
Gas Chromatographs Rule - What Comes First--the Analyzer or the Analyzer Application? - Greg McMillan and Stan Weiner bring their wits and more than 66 years of process control experience to bear on your questions, comments, and problems.

ICEweb has pages with Engineering Technical Resources for Analytical Instrumentation Basics | Analyser Housings and Rooms | Analyzer Calibration | Analyser Calibration Gases | BTX and Total Aromatics | Chromatograph | Continuous Emission Monitoring | Density Analysis | Odorization Analysis | Oxygen Analysis | PH Analysis | Humidity Measurement | Oil in Water Analysis | Process Analyser Sample Systems | Specific Gravity | Spectrophotometer | Useful Analytical Instrumentation Books | Analyser Application - find them all here.

Analyser Sample Systems

Thanks to our sponsor Haldatec ICEweb's Analyser Sample Systems has a swag of technical papers - so if you need more information on this subject just go to this page for fantastic technical information! Included are: 

Sampling System Technical Resources from our Sponsor Haldatec

Practical Considerations of Gas Sampling, Gas Sampling Systems and Standards - David J Fish - The need to be able to take a representative sample of a hydrocarbon product is necessary to ensure proper accounting for transactions and efficient product processing. The various sampling methods that are available and the options and limitations of these methods are investigated; the most appropriate equipment to use; the reasons for its use and correct installation of the equipment are also addressed.

Spot and Composite Sampling for BTU Analysis - Determination and Natural Gas Physical Properties - David J. Fish - The amount of hydrocarbon product that is transported between producer, processor, distributor and user is significant. To be able to verify the exact composition of the product is important from an economic and product treatment standpoint. A small percentage savings made by correctly determining composition will quickly recoup the investment made in the purchase of a system designed to obtain an optimum sample. In addition, if the best sampling procedures are followed, the potential for disputes between supplier and customer will be greatly reduced. The importance of properly determining hydrocarbon gas composition benefits all parties involved and will achieve greater significance as this resource becomes more expensive and plays a larger role in our energy needs worldwide.

Burner Management Systems

Thanks to our sponsor Invensys Triconex ICEweb's Burner Management System page has around 70 fantastic technical links , many which are new, to assist you if you work in this area.

Standards Compliance and User Requirements for Industrial and Utility Boiler Control Systems - Dr. Issam Mukhtar & Geoff Rogers - AS61508 and AS61511 standards for Safety Instrumented Systems have been accepted by Australia as best practice engineering for general applications and as a basic requirement by the Energy Safety Authorities for “type B” appliance application approvals of gas fired plants. Considerations of multi-fuelled multiple-burner systems. This paper outlines Premier Consulting Services experience in implementing the standards on Industrial and Utility Boilers, Process Heaters, Furnaces and Gas Turbine applications, with and without Heat Recovery Steam generators. Issues and challenges in complying with AS3814/NFPA85 and AS61508 /61511 are also discussed highlighting some recommendations. Issues to consider when selecting and maintaining control system hardware and software. There are references to Australian Case studies on boilers, furnaces, gas turbines. This paper was originally presented at IDC Boilers Conference, Perth November 2008.

A Typical Burner Management Control Panel Layout - This drawing shows how a typical Burner  Management Control Panel may be laid out.

Detecting Loss of Flame in Oil Refinery Fired Heaters using Advanced Pressure Diagnostics - John P. Miller and Randy S. Stier - Maintaining stable combustion is critical to the safe operation of fired heaters. When the ratio of air flow to fuel flow to a burner transitions from a point inside the burner’s operating envelope to a point outside the burner’s operating envelope, the combustion process becomes unstable and then stops. If this loss of flame is not recognized and acted upon properly, an explosion may occur. One possible way to detect loss of flame may be to monitor pulsations in the difference between the flue gas pressure inside a fired heater and atmospheric pressure at a given  elevation (commonly referred to as “draft”) - from Emerson Process Management.


Loads of links to cable information can be found on this page.

Choke Valves

ICEweb's Choke Valve page has links to some fantastic technical information. This includes Choke Valve General Information, Choke Valve Design Specification, Choke Valve Maintenance and Inspection, Common Choke Valve Problems and Solutions , Choke Papers and Applications, Subsea Choke Valves, Choke Control Systems and some great links to technical papers.

Control Valves

A Control Valve Repository which has heaps of great, useful technical information. Fantastic links covering Diagnostic Tools for Control Valves, Valve Sizing, Control Valve Handbooks, Self Operated Regulators, Control Valve Noise Calculation and Prediction, , Positioners, Selection and Application, Maintenance and a mass of other really useful Links to Articles on Control Valves.

Vibration of Valves and Piping - What Would Cause Vibration in a Gas Service, and What Protection Can Be Applied If It Occurs? - A question and answer article from Control Global.

Control Systems

Covering vast array of technical subjects on Control Systems such as Advanced Process Control, Alarm Management, Batch Control, Cascade Control, Compressor Surge Control, Control Room Design, Control Forums, Fuzzy Logic, Decentralised Control, Modelling and Optimisation, Pneumatic Controllers, Process Sequence Control Documentation Standards, Programmable Automation Controllers, Loop Tuning and much more.

EEMUA, the Engineering Equipment & Materials Users' Association, has launched the Third Edition of EEMUA 191 "Alarm systems: a guide to design, management and procurement"  The new 2013 Edition, issued with the endorsement of the GB Health and Safety Executive, provides comprehensively revised guidance on designing, managing and procuring an effective alarm system. New for this Edition are Chapters on HCI management techniques and alarm configuration, and Appendices covering: alarm suppression; geographically distributed processes; intelligent fault detection; requirements for alarms; and supporting checklists. Following the guidance given in EEMUA 191 Edition 3 should result in better alarm systems that are more usable and that result in safer and more cost-effective industrial operations. Copies of EEMUA 191 Edition 3 are available for purchase at a cost of £129 plus p&p and can be ordered direct from EEMUA at or via the EEMUA Shop.


Need to know about a corrosion issue? You are likely to find an answer in these pages.

NACE MRO175 Recommended Practice: Assuring Compliance in Sour Service Applications - Due to the hazardous nature of sour service applications which contain hydrogen sulfide (H2S), the National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) has issued a standard recommended practice that includes minimum requirements to resist sulfide stress cracking. While not mandatory, many petroleum and natural gas producers are using the current NACE MRO175 guideline to improve the safety of their facilities and employees. Petroleum and natural gas facility operators cannot afford to take sour service applications lightly because H2S is extremely hazardous. Any type of failure in the pressure boundary area of a level control – such as a displacer switch – can result in the release of concentrated sour gas vapors, which can be fatal within only five minutes at a concentration of 800 ppm - from Magnetrol.

Condition Monitoring

We are looking for more technical papers in this area.

Wireless for Asset Uptime - Jonas Berge explains how WirelessHart technology can be used to increase plant asset performance by enabling key additional measurements without extensive disruption. Asset monitoring requires additional measurements for which instrumentation is rarely included in the plant while laying cable, opening cable trays, and rewiring junction boxes is high, and therefore improvements don't get done. WirelessHart instrumentation drastically reduces risk since full multi-hop, multi-path, mesh topology eliminates all cables - Thanks to Jonas Berge and Control Engineering Asia.

Smart Sensing: Situational Awareness - Jonas Berge - Plant safety can be improved by making available important information to the relevant crew members at the right time. Smart sensing in this regard can improve the situational awareness of plant staff and as such improve operational effectiveness and safety. We sometimes read about plant disasters in the news, and every so often the cause has been a manual valve which was believed to be closed but was actually open. The information did not get passed on to the new shift crew at the shift change. Had they known the valve was open, had they had that crucial piece of information, the disaster might not have happened. We tell ourselves ‘had I only known,’ and we also say hindsight is 20/20.  WirelessHART technology provides a way to add important measurements and feedback to the operators to improve situational awareness. As such, enabling them to make better informed decisions based on actual information rather than having to deduce or infer information from other variables. Transmitters using this technology can easily be installed in older plants - Thanks to Jonas Berge and Industrial Automation.

Maintenance with a Hart - Jonas Berge - With finite resources, there is often not enough time to manually inspect, clean, and service all the process equipment around the plant to help prevent failures and downtime. The existing primary layer of wired process control for automation, found on the P&ID, is no longer sufficient. Deploying a “second layer” of wireless coverage of missing measurements to automate process equipment inspection, that goes “beyond the P&ID”, can help the maintenance department become more effective -Thanks to Jonas Berge and Control Engineering Asia.

Data Loggers

There are numerous Data Logger technical papers and articles in this updated page thanks to our valued sponsor HINCO.

Design Engineering for Instrumentation, Control, Electrical, Fire & Gas and Safety Instrumented Systems

AVEVA Instrumentation™ - Instrumentation and Control systems engineering, design, documentation and management software

For the Instrument Engineer

  • KKS AND ECS TAGGING SUPPORT - Includes pull-down lists of values

  • DATASHEETS - Document management functions / Familiar spreadsheet functions /Robust, auditable revision control

  • INSTRUMENT LIST - Create and maintain list data / Data import from Excel and P&IDs

  • INSTRUMENT CALCULATIONS - Flow Element Sizing / Control Valve Sizing / Relief Valve Sizing / Thermowell Vibrations / Gas Compressibility Factor

  • LOOP LIST - Easy creation and editing of loops / Automatic generation of Wiring Manager data / Loop Wiring Check reports in pdf format

  • REPORTS =Extensive user-definable report printing and export

For the Instrument Designer

  • DRAWING LIST MANAGEMENT - Manual and batch mode functions / Add drawings automatically from the Instrument Engineer and Wiring Manager modules / Manage drawing revisions / Link drawing text fields to database fields

  • LOOP DIAGRAM GENERATION - User-definable templates / Automatic updating from Wiring Manager and Instrument Engineer modules / Full revision history

  • TERMINATION DIAGRAM GENERATION - Automated drawing creation / Automatic updating from Wiring Manager 

  • HOOKUP/INSTALLATION DRAWINGS - Automated, user-definable AutoCAD drawings / User-definable catalogue, with over 3000 items / BoM reports by area or total project

  • CHANGE MANAGEMENT - Log and report all drawing changes

For the Wiring Manager  - Features Graphical representation and manipulation of items - Supports DIN rails with multiple devices - Rule-based creation of terminations
  • CABLE FUNCTIONS - Creation by catalogue or copying existing cables / Cable merge and split functions / Automatic cable schedules and gland BoM reports / Automatic cable drumming for minimum wastage

  • TERMINATIONS - Drag & Drop wire termination and I/O allocation / Automatic, editable Block Diagrams / Automatic, rule-based numbering / Graphical reports in pdf format

  • REPORTING - Cable Schedules, Cable and Gland BoMs / Cable Drum Schedule / Wire/Ferrule Number Schedules / I/O Allocations

For the Process Engineer Instrument Data - Process Module - View and edit data for multiple instruments - Grid format, for rapid data entry / Copy and paste functionality / View instrument data by type / Gaps or inconsistencies in data are easy to see/ Enables Process Engineers to enter their own data and process input to be included with instrumentation data on all documentation

Watch the Video " AVEVA Instrumentation - Curing your Engineering Headaches" - This video gives a quick overview of the powerful features provided by this Engineering Tool.

Top Ten Instrumentation Headaches - AVEVA spoke to instrumentation and control experts across the industry and identified no less than ten key areas where other vendors’ instrumentation design technologies fail to meet engineers’ and designers’ requirements. These are the top ten headaches that the engineers and designers face on a daily basis. The good news is that companies can avoid these headaches entirely by deploying the ‘visual engineering’ approach at the heart of AVEVA’s field-proven instrumentation solution. Register to read the full paper here.

The Best Way to Discover the Measurable Business Benefits of AVEVA Electrical
AVEVA Electrical Business Value CalculatorThe best way to discover the measurable business benefits of AVEVA Electrical is to see it for yourself. Your local AVEVA sales team will be pleased to show you its many features and benefits.
Using this interactive Business Value Calculator, they will also be able to illustrate the savings that your business could achieve on your typical projects with selected products from the wider AVEVA portfolio. Contact them here.

Watch the Video "Feature Rich Tools for Electrical Engineers and Designers" - This short video gives a good initial insight into what is a SUPER design tool! It features the Engineering and Designer Modules along with the Wiring Module.

A Shocking Waste of Money - Eight Reasons Why Electrical Design Costs More Than it Should - Electrical engineering and design is one of the most complex and demanding challenges facing EPCs and shipbuilders, in new builds, in-plant projects, and marine refit. Recent capital expenditure on electrical engineering and design has been estimated to reach $3 billion in the hydrocarbon plant industry alone. But should we be shocked by this figure? Surely such a complex discipline necessarily comes with a high price tag? Expense is inevitable, certainly. But wastefulness is unforgivable. Unfortunately, the technology used to plan and design electrical systems, just like that used to design instrumentation and control systems, is often just that – wasteful. Because it has been developed with little regard for engineers’ and designers’ natural working methods, it results in cumbersome and error-prone methods of handling data, and prevents users from making effective technical use of the natural synergies that exist between many activities. Register to read the full paper here

Powering Up - Essential Capabilities for Efficient Electrical Engineering and Design - Electrical engineering and design is extremely  complex and demanding  for new plant projects, plant revamps and shipbuilding. In the hydrocarbon industry alone, annual capital expenditure on electrical engineering and design has been estimated to reach $3 billion. Clearly, the electrical disciplines should have engineering and design tools as powerful as those used for 3D design in plant layout or ship design. This white paper details these tools.  

Defining the Future of Plant Design

Defining the Future of Plant Design - Engineering and Design for Lean Construction - AVEVA introduces the benefits of Engineering and Design for Lean Construction by challenging the ‘right first time’ standard and presents a ‘lean’ approach. A lean approach requires the ability to handle change more effectively early on the design process and manage change, communicating it effectively across teams and disciplines.  This is achieved by taking control of the “design spiral” to reduce iterations, reduce cost and reduce risk. AVEVA's Integrated Engineering and Design solution supports the Engineering and Design for Lean Construction vision. AVEVA’s Integrated Engineering and Design solution improves project efficiency and reduces engineering and design costs by offering complementary products that draw on common processes, disciplines and deliverables; sharing critical information is efficiently shared between disciplines and across teams, simplifies the process and improves project schedule and quality.

Engineering and Design for Lean Construction - It is believed that in order to cut out expensive costs and reduce risks during the design and construction phase of major capital projects, we must ensure that the plant design is completed ‘right first time’. If we can eradicate the iterations and reworks in design and form the design right from the outset, we will ensure that everyone in the project execution is equipped with the latest and most accurate information about the project – this business paper challenges that premise. AVEVA explores the possibility that the  ‘right first time’ notion is not achievable. The ideology does not have the flexibility needed to cope with client, legal, contractor and environmental changes which influence scope changes throughout the project. Download the business paper here.

AVEVA – the world's leading engineering software provider, whose vision and commitment have completely redefined the plant, power and marine industries.

Find out more about AVEVA Instrumentation and other products here.

Search Engine for International Standards - This is useful.

Instrument Index - An Instrument index is a document containing list of instrument devices within a plant. The Instrument index includes tag number of all physical instruments (e.g. field instrument, physical alarm and indicator) and pseudo instruments which commonly named “soft tag” (e.g DCS indication, alarm, controller). The Instrument index is created at the beginning of project and considered as a live document which should be kept updated even though the plant has been operated. Also the Instrument index should be revised if there is any plant or system modification which impact to additional, removal, or resetting of instrument -  - from Instrumentationportel

Instrument Installation (Hook Up) – A Bagherian - This document from covers different types of hook-ups.

Control and Field Instrumentation Documentation - To successfully work with (and design) control systems, it is essential to understand the documents that are typically used to illustrate process control and associated field instrumentation. The documentation of process control and associated field instrumentation is normally created by the engineering firm that designs and constructs the plant. The company that commissioned the plant may have an internal documentation standard the engineering firm will be required to follow - An excellent document from ISA. Join the ISA here (it is good value!) 

Design Engineering Software Database for Instrumentation, Control, Fire & Gas and Safety Instrumented Systems

Thanks to AVEVA take a look at this page with just masses of information on the Instrument Database Approach to ICE Design Engineering.

Dynamic Process Simulators and Training Systems

Plenty of information on this subject.


Many pages with Numerous Technical Links and White Papers on various Electrical Subjects.

The Differences between Watts and Volt Amps - Steve Mackay - I often get questions about the practical differences between watts (W) and volt-amperes (VA); mainly from our civil and mechanical engineering fraternity; but surprisingly also from some electrical types. As you would know, electrical products generally indicate both to show how much energy and current they draw. This Blog details a quick summary of the differences with some interesting alternative calculations to work out total VA.

The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) has published NEMA VE 2-2013 Cable Tray Installation Guidelines. The fourth edition of this publication, VE 2 is a practical guide for the proper installation of cable tray systems.This publication addresses shipping, handling, storing, and installing cable tray systems. Information on maintenance and system modification is also provided. Cable tray system design must comply with National Electrical Code® Article 392, NEMA VE 1 Metal Cable Tray Systems, NEMA FG 1 Fiberglass Cable Tray Systems, and follow safe work practices as described in NFPA 70E Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace. The guidelines in this publication are useful to engineers, contractors, and maintenance personnel. NEMA VE 2-2013 has been revised to reference the 2011 version of the National Electrical Code® and provides clarification for grounding and bonding cable trays, as well as recent cable tray product developments. NEMA VE 2-2013 Cable Tray Installation Guidelines may be downloaded at no cost on the NEMA website or purchased in hardcopy for $88.

An after hours practical workshop, a new concept from IDC:


Can't take time away from work to attend a day workshop?

Attend this Practical Electrical Wiring Standards Training after hours!
Three 5.30pm to 9.00pm after hour sessions over 3 days!

Register by 17 February for a 10% discount on the registration fee plus 4 eBooks;

Total value to you = $489; download the brochure here or click the image above.


NEMA Publishes Evaluating Fire- and Heat-Damaged Electrical Equipment - The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) recently published Evaluating Fire- and Heat-Damaged Electrical Equipment, a guide that provides information on how to evaluate electrical equipment that has been exposed to heat and fire residue through fire, fire fighting activities, or close proximity to fire. This guide is useful for suppliers, installers, inspectors, and users of electrical products. Before this publication, little guidance was available for installers and inspectors on how to evaluate electrical equipment that has been exposed to heat and fire residue. Evaluating Fire- and Heat-Damaged Electrical Equipment may be downloaded at no cost on the NEMA website.

Electrical Safety from the Ground Up - Proper Grounding and Bonding is Critical for Electrical Workplace Safety - Reza Tajali - Risks associated with shock and electrocutions from inadvertent contact with energized parts have long been recognized as a threat to electrical workers. In recent years, OSHA and industry associations recognized the severity and urgency of the situation which resulted in the development of new standards for electrical workplace safety. In essence, they mandate that work on electrical equipment must be performed in a manner that does not expose the worker to undue risk of injury. While arc flash awareness has been growing (as well it should), the dangers of shock and electrocution should not be overlooked. In fact, electrocution is the second leading cause of construction site fatalities in the US. In an average eight-hour day, 16 workers require time off the job to recover due to electrically induced injuries - from Schneider Electric Engineering Services and Plant Engineering.

Electrical Regulatory Compliance Forum 2014 – 5th & 6th March – PERTH, Australia

The Forum will provide a platform to help industry understand the role of various regulators in different states, and identify key issues in achieving compliance throughout Australia. The Forum will focus on the impacts and practical applications of electrical requirements, reforms and harmonisation efforts. Selection of topics to date include:

  • Electrical Industry Technical and Safety Regulation – What Has Changed and Where Are We At?

  • AS 5577-2013:  Electricity Network Safety Management Systems

  • Diligence of Due Diligence

  • The New Electrical Equipment Safety Scheme

  • Changes in Safety Requirements for Hazardous Area Motors

  • Electrical Regulatory Compliance and Safety Auditing – Why We Audit, What We Audit and What is an Audit

Get Registration Details and Further Information

Electrical and Instrumentation Enclosures 

Thanks to our sponsor Weidmuller you can find information on Cabinet design, construction, NEMA and IP ratings, Maintenance, EMC and lots more!


ESD Valves - Shutdown and Blowdown 

This comprehensive page includes technical and design information on Emergency Shutdown Valves, Shutdown Valves, Blowdown Valves, Actuators, Fire Safe Actuators, ESD Valve Fire Shelter and Partial Stroke Testing.


These pages cover; Coriolis, Magflow, Metering, Multiphase, Orifice Plates, Ultrasonic, Thermal, V-Cone, Vortex and more!

Thanks to our sponsor McCrometer the V-Cone page has been extensively upgraded with more GREAT links to comprehensive technical information.

The Following are from our sponsor McCrometer.

5 Keys to Selecting a Mag Meter - When choosing an electromagnetic flow meter, it’s important to consider a selection process that will provide the best possible solution for your flow meter application. Electromagnetic flow meters are typically the meter of choice when considering cost, accuracy, and longevity. Here are some tips that can assist with ensuring that the electromagnetic flow meter is the right choice.

Next Generation Mag Meter Solves Water Treatment Plants Tight Installation Dilemma - Michelle Pawlowicz - The flow meter selected is ideal for the needs of the Lake Huron WTP because it is economical for large line sizes, features a compact insertion design for ease of installation in compact spaces with limited access points and can be installed and maintained without shutting down flow.

Flow Measurement in a Pump Station - Michelle Pawlowicz - Water losses within the distribution system can raise costs for both plants and customers. As a result, many municipal plants are being forced to run their plants and operations as efficiently as possible. Water supply issues, budget constraints and environmental concerns have raised the importance of understanding plant production and losses. Acquiring the ability to measure flow effectively at various points within the distribution system will provide data regarding the quantity of water pumped into a treatment facility, and the quantity of water pumped from the treatment facility throughout the distribution system. Measuring flow in each pump station will provide a reference point to these quantities of water flowing through the pump station. This will assist with maintenance planning, provide data references for potential loss analysis and accurately determine how much water is transported for billing and revenue processes.

Ultrasonic Flowmeters

Thanks to ICEweb Sponsor Zedflo our Ultrasonic Flow Metering page has been updated with new links, these include:

The following papers are from the excellent CEESI Flow Measurement Technical Library - A superb resource!

Fire and Gas

Technical Papers covering many aspects of Fire and Gas Engineering. Thanks to Honeywell Analytics this page has been extensively re-modelled and includes some unique content. Take a look at our new Technical Reference pdfs

Honeywell Analytics Gas Book - This updated handbook is intended to offer a simple guide to anyone considering the use of gas detection equipment. It provides an explanation of both the principles involved and the instrumentation needed for satisfactory protection of personnel, plant and environment. The aim has been to answer as many as possible of the most commonly asked questions about the selection and use of industrial gas detection equipment.

System Smoke Detectors - The purpose of this excellent guide is to provide information concerning the proper application of smoke detectors used in conjunction with fire alarm systems. The guide outlines basic principles that should be considered in the application of early warning fire and smoke detection devices. It presents operating characteristics of detectors and environmental factors, which may aid, delay, or prevent their operation - from System Sensor.

Selecting an Optical Flame Detector - There are several types of optical detector available from single wavelengths of UV, and IR to combinations UV/IR and multi wavelength IR's (dual and triple). Each type of detector having differing flame detection performance (not just by type but also from manufacturer to manufacturer). This article looks at the more fundamental differences and design considerations for the selection of Optical Flame detectors - from the ISA

Frequently Asked Questions about Flame Detection - A useful series of Questions and Answers related to types of Flame Detectors, location and installation, design and much more - from Desu Systems.

Visual Flame Detection - Optical flame detection has evolved over the last 30 years with improved sensors, processing power, and high electronics reliability, which has greatly improved the acceptance and use of automatic optical fire detection in the harshest of environments and applications. Single wavelength ultraviolet (UV) detectors were originally used for the protection of large integrated oil and gas production platforms in the North Sea, followed by single wavelength infrared (IR) detectors, but problems with false alarms from numerous natural and artificial sources both on the platforms and from adjacent installations prompted the oil industry to search for a better technology. This paper covers the recurring problem of flare reflections on offshore platforms and how the evolving technology of visual flame detection has solved this problem.

Ultrasonic Detection Overview - Ultrasonic (acoustic) gas leak detection technology functions through the constant monitoring of wide areas by advanced acoustic sensors specially tuned to process ultrasound emitted from pressurized gas leaks. This detection technology has several advantages (a) It does not have to wait until a gas concentration has accumulated to potentially dangerous concentrations and (b) It does not require a gas cloud to eventually make physical contact with a sensor, and the response is instantaneous for all gas types - from Emerson Process Management.

Ultrasonic Leak Detection - The First Stage in Gas Detection - These sensors will detect gas at 'the speed of sound’ and do not need to be in the gas cloud to operate successfully. Ultrasonic gas detectors have been designed to detect pressure gas leaks from all gases, this includes the 35% of Hydrocarbon Leaks which go undetected in the North Sea (Source UK HSE) -  thanks to ICEweb sponsor PROdetec 
Simtronics GD10 HART 7 Compliant - ProDetec, a leading Fire & Gas Detection company, is pleased to announce that the Simtronics GD10 infrared combustible and carbon dioxide gas detectors have successfully satisfied all requirements for HART Communication Foundation’s Quality Assurance and Device Registration, Version 7.

NEW GAS DETECTION PAGES! We have developed several new pages

Infra Red Gas Detection Technical Overview Notes

Planning and Designing of Gas Detection Systems – for Instrument and Fire & Gas Engineers

Survey of Standards - Related to Gas Detectors - Bill Crosley and Simon Pate- What are the key standards for gas detectors? This paper lists the main world-area standards to which protection types are tested and certified. For combustible gas detector criteria, there is little to differentiate between FM 6310, 6320 (used mainly in the US) and the CSA C22.2 #152 (used mainly in Canada). Both are closely related to ANSI/ISA 12.13.01-2000. In those countries (mostly in Europe) that have adopted the IEC standards.  The IEC 60079-29 Series contains not only the hazardous locations requirements but also the gas detection performance requirements for both point and open path combustible gas detectors. In offshore toxic gas applications, the ISA standard is generally the defacto global standard for most world areas. Standards EN 50402, EN 45544, and EN 50104 are used in Europe and other world areas. Gas detectors are a critical part of the overall safety system. Therefore, all standards require the gas detector, the controller, and the output for the performance approval. Output is often the annunciation device. Be aware, though, that in many applications when a gas detector is connected to the process automation system it is not in full compliance with the requirements of FM6310,20 based on ANSI/ISA 12.13.01 or IEC60079-29 — the process automation systems are not evaluated against these standards.  

Infra Red Gas Detection Technical Engineering References - A comprehensive Technical Engineering Reference List.

Hazardous Areas Instrumentation and Electrical Equipment - A huge technical library of Technical Information covering a wide range of Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas.

EEMUA CompEx® growth confirms status as the world's pre-eminent IEC 'Ex' personnel competence scheme - Over 32,000 Certificates of Core Competency now issued! EEMUA CompEx®, the world's pre-eminent scheme for certifying competency of personnel for IEC 'Ex' hazardous area working, has passed a new milestone in recent weeks with more than thirty-two thousand (32,000) CompEx Certificates of Core Competency now issued since the scheme's inception. This latest achievement underlines the position of CompEx as by far the world's most important international 'Ex' personnel certification scheme recognising core competency for safe working in potentially hazardous flammable or explosive atmospheres. Since it was introduced in the 1990s, CompEx has grown strongly every year due to the unique characteristics of the scheme:

Find more information here.

Standard Update! - AS/NZS 60079.10.1:2009/Amdt 1:2013 - Explosive atmospheres - Classification of areas - Explosive gas atmospheres (IEC 60079-10-1, Ed.1.0(2008) MOD

High Integrity Pressure Protection Systems - (HIPPS)

A swag of information on this interesting subject.


Need some Technical Information on Hydraulics? Look at ICEweb's page.

Instrumentation Valves, Tubing and Fittings

ICEweb has very comprehensive pages on this subject.

Laser Instrumentation

Technical Information on Laser Level and Other Laser Instrumentation Applications.


Technical Information covering a wide range of level subjects including General Theory, Capacitance, Displacer, Float/Magnetic, Radar, Ultrasonic, Boiler Level and more!

Please support our Level Page sponsor Austral-Powerflo Solutions, see all their Magnetrol Level solutions on the page.

The Value of Displacer Switch Technology for Level Detection in a Condensate Drip Leg - Displacer switch technology can provide highly accurate level detection for many applications in the power generation industry, including the steam generation process. However, detecting level within the condensate drip leg or drip trap of a main steam line is a very challenging task for many power companies. However, detecting level within the condensate drip leg or drip trap of a main steam line is a very challenging task for many power companies. To accurately measure this very difficult application, you need to implement highly reliable level instrumentation, but only a few manufacturers today are able to provide the technology that this process requires. To find the right solution for your facility, it is important to understand how displacement type liquid level technology functions within the condensate drip traps of a steam boiler.

Using Displacer Switch Technology to Control Sump Liquid Level - Displacer switch technology is a popular level control solution across numerous process industries today. This is particularly true for sump level control, where displacer switches can provide a low cost, automated solution that is highly reliable because it is not affected by surface turbulence, foam or changes in specific gravity. This post discusses the use of displacer switch technology to automatically control level and provide overfill protection – or a high-level alarm – in a sump.

Displacer Switch Technology Offers a Proven Solution for Liquid Level Measurement - Displacer switch technology provides accurate level measurement across all process industries today. To determine if this is the right solution for your facility, it is important to learn about displacement type liquid level measurement – and how this technology functions within industrial applications.

Displacer Level Transmitter Technology Offers Application Solutions for Interface Service and Nuclear Power Plant Operation - Displacer level transmitters, such as the Magnetrol® E3 Modulevel® linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) transmitter with range spring technology, offer advantages in a variety of level measurement applications. In fact, they are especially well suited to two particular applications – level control at nuclear facilities and interface service.

Displacer Level Transmitter Technology Provides More Reliable Level Measurement than Torque Tubes - Many instrumentation and control managers have adopted torque tube technology for use in liquid applications. However, professionals across many processing industries – including chemical, petroleum refining, power generation, pulp and paper, nuclear power, crude oil processing and natural gas processing – have come to realize that range spring technology is a more reliable level measurement and control solution than torque tubes due to the output stability, structural integrity and ease of use it provides. The comparison detailed in this post demonstrates the benefits that range spring technology may provide compared to torque tubes. This comparison uses a linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) transmitter with range spring technology.

Application Considerations When Specifying Displacer Level Transmitter Technology for Liquid Measurement and Control - Displacer level transmitter technology plays a key role in the safe and effective measurement of liquids across all process industries. To ensure that you implement an optimal solution for your facility, it’s important to learn about the different applications where a displacer transmitter can be used – and the advantages and limitations of using this technology for level measurement. This post discusses industrial level applications for displacer transmitter technology.

Laser Level Industrial Process Instruments

Thanks to ICEweb Sponsor Zedflo our Laser Level Instruments and Instrumentation page has been updated with new links.

New Technologies

This section of ICEweb is dedicated to new and emerging technologies.


Covers General Theory, Technical Papers, Transmitters, Regulators, Safety Tips, Blockage Tool and more Pressure Related Technologies.

Pressure Relief Valves

This must be just about the world's most comprehensive Pressure Relief Valve resource with links to Technical Papers / Technical Manuals /  Engineering Handbook / Calculations /Technical Data / Sizing and Selection / Two Phase Relief Sizing / Safety Relief Valve Design  / Codes and Standards / Noise Issues / Safety Issues /  Buckling Pin Technology / PSV Replacement, Maintenance, Installation and Inspection / Testing / PSV Monitoring by Wireless / Forums and much more!

Rupture Discs

Specifications, Standards, Technical Papers and Articles.

Rupture Disk Preliminary Sizing for Atmospheric Venting - Preliminary sizing for rupture disks on liquid or gas service venting to atmospheric pressure. Imperial (English) units only - from

Safety Instrumented Systems
Thanks to Sponsor Triconex this is one of ICEweb's most popular pages with just heaps of information - covers
Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) Articles, Technical Papers, Multimedia and Applications from Triconex, Design of Safety Instrumented Systems , Fire & Explosion Hazard Management, IEC 16508 / IEC 16511/ANSI - ISA 84.00.01, Risk Assessment, Safety Instrumented Function, Safety Integrity Levels (SIL), Safety Instrumented Systems Replacement, Safety Requirements Specification, Safety Instrumented Systems Definitions, Abbreviations and Acronyms, Safety Instrumented Systems Applications, Statistical Signature Analysis, Software Tools for Safety Instrumented Systems Lifecycle Support, Partial Stroke Testing of Block Valves (Shutdown and Blowdown Valves), Process Safety Management (PSM), Transmitters for Safety Instrumented Systems, TÜV FSEng Training, Functional Safety Management and Compliance, HAZOP - Hazard and Operability Analysis, HSE (UK) Safety Instrumented System Documents, Safety Instrumented Systems Training and Lots More!

Select the Right Process Safety System - Keeping Several "Do's and Don'ts" in Mind can Help - Paul Gruhn - Changes in technology have led to a variety of recent developments in process safety, with many suppliers releasing new systems that significantly depart from those traditionally available. So, choosing a safety instrumented system (SIS) may seem even more complicated now. However, paying attention to a few do's and don'ts can make picking the right system for your process easier - from Chemical Processing and Rockwell.

Kiss Off Safety System Myths - Many Misconceptions Muddle Manoeuvres to Manage Risks - Angela E. Summers - Safety and productivity at process plants suffer because too many engineers believe myths concerning design, implementation and operation of safety instrumented systems (SISs). So, let's dispel the leading myths - from Chemical Processing and SIS-TECH Solutions .

Do You Really Need SIL 3? - Process Plants Rarely Require that High a Safety Integrity Level for Instrumented Protection - Alan G. King - Many plants rely on safety instrumented systems (SIS) to address hazards. Determining whether such instrumented protection is needed and, if so, the appropriate Safety Integrity Level (SIL) is crucial for achieving the required level of safety. A wide variety of methods are available for SIL determination. International standards IEC 61508 [1] and IEC 61511 [2,3] provide a selection. These are found within the "informative" sections of the standards and therefore aren't mandatory — you may choose one of those methods or a suitable alternative approach from elsewhere. However, certain issues and problems are common to the application of all methods. This article discusses some relevant issues, with a focus on implications of SIL 3 - from Chemical Processing and ABB Engineering Services.

Understanding Safety Life Cycles - IEC/EN 61508 is the Basis for the Specification, Design, and Operation of Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) - The international standard IEC/EN 61508 has been widely accepted as the basis for the specification, design, and operation of safety instrumented systems (SIS). In general, IEC/EN 61508 uses a formulation based on risk assessment: An assessment of the risk is undertaken and, on the basis of this assessment, the necessary safety integrity level (SIL) is determined for components and systems with safety functions. SIL-evaluated components and systems are intended to reduce the risk associated with a device to a justifiable level or “tolerable risk”. When considering safety in the process industry, there are several relevant national, industry, and company safety standards used when determining and applying safety within a process plant - from the ISA and InTech (Have you considered Joining the ISA? It is well worth the minimal cost).


Process Safety Management Guidelines for Compliance - The major objective of process safety management (PSM) of highly hazardous chemicals is to prevent unwanted releases of hazardous chemicals especially into locations that could expose employees and others to serious hazards. An effective process safety management program requires a systematic approach to evaluating the whole chemical process. Using this approach, the process design, process technology, process changes, operational and maintenance activities and procedures, non routine activities and procedures, emergency preparedness plans and procedures, training programs, and other elements that affect the process are all considered in the evaluation - This is an excellent document from the US Department of Labour.

Effective Management of PSM Data in Implementing the ANSI/ISA-84.00.01 Safety Lifecycle - Carolyn Presgraves - Throughout the evolution of Process Safety Management (PSM) engineering, Operations and Maintenance personnel have participated in the identification of process hazards and the mechanisms in place to prevent those hazards. Prevention mechanisms have included both active and passive engineered systems and administrative measures such as relief valves, procedures, operator alarms, Basic Process Control Systems (BPCS) interlocks, and Safety Instrumented Systems (SISs). Process Safety Information (PSI), Mechanical Integrity (MI), Operating Procedure, and Training requirements of 29 CFR 1910.119 provide guidance for many of these prevention mechanisms. Specifically applicable to the topic of this paper and conformance with ANSI/ISA-84.00.01, PSI requirements for safety systems include complete documentation of the design basis and specification data in accordance with recognized and generally accepted good engineering practices. The MI section requires the inspection and testing of safety systems according to recognized and generally accepted good engineering practices, maintenance of testing records, and documented correction of any identified deficiencies - from the ISA.

Security for Industrial Plant

This comprehensive page has numerous technical papers on Process Control Security issues

ISA introduces New Cybersecurity Certificate Program - This program is based on its ISA99/IEC 62443 series of industrial automation and control systems security standards. ISA’s new certificate program, the ISA99/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Fundamentals Specialist Certificate, is designed to help professionals involved in IT and control systems security improve their understanding of ISA99/IEC 62443 principles and acquire a command of industrial cybersecurity terminology. 

Cybersecurity Matters, But How Much? - Matt Migliore - Everybody’s talking about cybersecurity these days, but just how concerned should industry be? During an aside at a conference I attended about a year ago, a representative for a major control systems provider told me that most of their large customers were facing attempted cyber attacks on a regular basis. This statement was an eye-opener for me, as it provided some level of confirmation that cyber threats to industry aren’t just limited to major events like Stuxnet, but rather present a more persistent danger. Prior to this chat session, I had read a number of reports about cyber threats to industry, but it was difficult to quantify how pressing the concern was, as most industrial end-users, for obvious reasons, were pretty hush about the cyber threats they faced. That said, information continues to emerge showing cybersecurity is a growing and very real concern for industry - from Flow Control.

Severe Service Control Valves

A swag of technical papers can be found here.

Solenoid Valves

This is a comprehensive Technical Reference on Solenoids

Specialist Oil & Gas Valves

Technical information on Cryogenic Ball, Gate, Globe and Check Valves - In the Oil and Gas industry, valves are exposed to some of the most extreme conditions imaginable. Corrosive and erosive environments and extremely high and low temperatures for example, require tough equipment, tough materials and tight tolerances. The technical links here provide engineering solutions. Check out our sponsor Prochem who have these solutions.

Supplier Resources and Useful Tools  

This page is focused on Business Tools for those in the Automation Business - Check it out! - Tools assist with Submittals, Transmittals, Record Books, Quotations, Internal Workflow, Web Based Software, Document Registers, Document Library, Document Control, Work Management, Bid Quotation / Preparation, Business Process Management, Enterprise Resource Planning, Instrumentation and Control Sales Engineering, Training and Certification , Business Budgeting Tools , Tracking Inventories , Instrument and Control Tradeshows, Instrument, Measurement, Control and Automation Trade Organizations and Quality Assurance and Quality Control . Would you like to see more Tools Included? Please let us know and we will endeavour to include them.

Control, Instrumentation, Fire & Gas and Safety Instrumented Systems Engineering Standards 

Instrument & Automation Standards for the International Oil & Gas Industry - This is a comprehensive list of  Instrument & Automation International Standards - this copyrighted document is from OGP.

ISA Standards - This collection contains documents from the following standards organization(s): International Society of Automation

Instrumentation Industry Standards – Whilst focused on Delta V This very useful resource from Emerson Process Management has a list of standards along with details such as a glossary of standards industry terminology, a directory of abbreviations often used in the instrumentation industry, and a primer on using electrical equipment in potentially explosive atmospheres.

Surge and Lightning Protection

It will never happen to me? Don't you believe it...Globally, some 2000 on-going thunderstorms cause about 100 lightning strikes to earth each second!! This page provides a comprehensive range of links to help resolve the potential effects.

Test and Calibration

Technical Papers and Articles on how to test and calibrate along with typical equipment. Thanks to our sponsor Zedflo Australia ICEweb's Test and Calibration Instruments page has been extensively upgraded.

Calibration Trim Wizard using EDDL - Narrated by Emerson's Harish Jayaraman this video shows how calibration trim is simplified by wizards from software or handheld communicator from different vendors using EDDL - from YouTube.

EDDL Solution for Field Tasks - Field communicators have existed for as long as intelligent devices. The early problem of plants having to grapple with many different communicators was solved already in the mid nineties by standard protocols like HART and Foundation fieldbus together with the Electronic Device Description Language (EDDL, formerly just known as DDL), an integral part of both technologies. A single universal field communicator supports all instruments, an arsenal of many communicators is no longer required. Use of Windows software from the central control room has since become possible thanks to multiplexers and digital communication interfaces embedded in control system I/O modules. These systems may access data in devices using HART, FOUNDATION fieldbus, PROFIBUS, WirelessHART, or a combination of two or more of these. Although many maintenance tasks can be done remotely from centrally located device management software part of Asset Management Solution (AMS), there are several other tasks that must still be carried out in the field right next to the device. Because of such field work, a compact field communicator is highly valued by maintenance technicians. A notebook computer is not ideal. EDDL is the only technology suitable for portable communicators because it works on embedded operating system used in such devices. IEC 61804-3 graphical enhancements the EDDL now make field communicators easier to use and powerful enough for complex devices.

Intelligent Device Management Tutorial: Calibration - In the early days of smart transmitters the concept of remote range setting ("remote calibration") and re-ranging without applying input was revolutionary. It took years of education to be accepted and understood. Calibration can be carried out using a handheld communicator in the field, a laptop in the workshop, or from intelligent device management software as part of an asset management solution. Electronic Device Description Language (EDDL) is the technology used by device manufacturers to define how the system shall display the device information and functions to the technician. EDDL makes calibration of smart transmitters and other intelligent devices easier thanks to user guidance such as wizards and help, and unparalleled consistency of use - from EDDL.

Calibration Trim - Electronic Device Description Language (EDDL) technology makes calibration easier thanks to user guidance such as wizards as well as know-how made available from the device manufacturer's experts. The result is lower cost of maintenance, and better performing devices - from EDDL.

Terminals - Electrical and Instrumentation Wiring

Need to know how to wire and terminate your control consoles, marshalling cabinets and junction boxes? Thanks to our sponsor Weidmüller ICEweb's Electrical and Instrumentation Terminals page has some great information


Temperature Measurement Applications in Process Plants - Ravi Jethra - Temperature is one of the most common measurement parameter used for monitoring and control in process industries. This paper covers some of the basics of temperature measurement, and leads into some of the technical advances that impart higher a degree of safety and reliability to process plant operation. These advances are based on some of the latest and innovative technologies that are being implemented in process instrumentation. Irrespective of the type of process plant, temperature measurement remains high on the list for operational excellence throughout the plant. Implementation of some of the new technologies results in improved safety and lower installation and maintenance costs. Incorrect measurement information due to temperature effects, non linearity or stability can result in major equipment getting damaged. Ensuring instruments that have minimal downtime from a maintenance standpoint, not just devices that have been evaluated to provide safety integrity level service in safety instrumented systems, is crucial for daily operations in a power plant - from Endress+Hauser Inc and Control Design.

Improving Temperature Measurement in Power Plants - Ravi Jethra - Temperature is one of the most widely measured parameters in a power plant. No matter the type of plant, accurate and reliable temperature measurement is essential for operational excellence. Incorrect measurement because of electrical effects, non linearity or instability can result in damage to major equipment. Using advanced diagnostics, modern temperature instrumentation can inform a plant's maintenance department that a problem exists, where it is and what to do about it long before anyone in operations even suspects that an issue exists. This article covers some of the basics of temperature measurement in power plants and discusses technical advances that impart higher a degree of safety and reliability. These advances are based on innovative technologies that are being implemented in process instrumentation. Implementation of these new technologies can result in improved safety along with lower installation and maintenance costs - from Endress+Hauser Inc and Power Engineering. 

Valve Actuators

JUST HAVE A LOOK AT THIS PAGE! A huge repository of information on Actuators including Compact Actuator Solutions and Systems, Subsea Valve Actuator Applications, Offshore Valve Actuator Applications, Safety Related Systems Valve Actuator Systems, Spring Return Hydraulic Actuators, Spring Return Pneumatic Actuators, Compact Double Block & Bleed (DBB) Valve Actuators, Double Acting Actuator, Valve Actuator General Information, Scotch Yoke Design Valve Actuators, Firesafe Actuators, Hydraulic Actuator Design and Operation, Electrical Actuator Design and Operation, Control Valve Actuator Design and Operation and Valve Actuator Accessories. Check out our sponsor Prochem who have these solutions.

Application of Compact Actuators on High Pressure Manifolds – Space and Weight are an important consideration when designing Valving and their associated actuators on High Pressure Manifold Systems. Actuators which can be installed in different angles provide significant advantages. By utilizing Compact Actuators a “minimum design footprint” can be achieved - thanks to our sponsor Prochem Pipeline Products.

FNLG Vessel Design Requires the Latest Weight and Space saving Concepts - Space and weight saving on FLNG facilities are an essential design parameter as “real estate” is very limited. Hence Compact Actuators are an important component in achieving this design goal and have been utilised in major projects around the world. Also whilst space and weight are paramount the additional savings associated with Passive Fire Protection add to the overall justification and use of these products - thanks to our sponsor Prochem Pipeline Products.


ICEweb's Valveweb page has been completely reworked to help you get to your required information quickly and efficiently.

Variable Speed Drives

Check out ICEweb's Variable Speed Drives Page. We are looking for more technical papers on these and other Electrical subjects.

The Digital Drive - Jonas Berge explains how variable speed drives can become an integral part of the digital plant architecture. The final control element that first comes to mind for process applications is the control valve, but variable speed drives (VSD) also variously referred to as a variable frequency drives (VFD), adjustable frequency drives, or frequency converters are also used as final elements in closed loop flow or pressure control.  When it comes to set up, the sheer amount of configuration options available in a variable speed drive can seem overwhelming to technicians who have to commission them. A drive can have hundreds of parameters to customize AC motor controls for different applications. Most AC drives also have useful diagnostics about the motor and drive system and some even have predictive diagnostics. To help technicians more easily set up applications and diagnose problems, drive manufacturers now use electronic device description language (EDDL) to make drives easy to set up and diagnose by defining how the drives are displayed in the system. Bus technology and EDDL provide the ability to integrate instrumentation and controls with electrical and switchgear, enabling plants to freely select control system and electrical system independently, yet enjoy the ease of use as a result of tight integration - from Control Engineering Asia.

Manufacturing and Automation Safety

See ICEweb's comprehensive page which covers a huge volume of super information on this subject!

Useful Free Software and Tools for Engineers

Software and Tools that will help with engineering design. Really excellent free tools to help you in your job and at home can be found on ICEweb’s “Tools” page.

Instrument Signal Conditioners, Signal Concentrators, Transmitters, Transducers, Isolators and Converters

This brand new page covers technical aspects of all the above devices! The signal problem solver from Moore Industries is very useful, have a look at it along with many other useful links here.

Instrumentation Technology - Techweb

A Gateway to a huge amount of Instrumentation Technology Information.


News and technical links to Industrial Instrumentation Wireless items of interest

Wireless for Asset Uptime - Jonas Berge explains how WirelessHart technology can be used to increase plant asset performance by enabling key additional measurements without extensive disruption. Asset monitoring requires additional measurements for which instrumentation is rarely included in the plant while laying cable, opening cable trays, and rewiring junction boxes is high, and therefore improvements don't get done. WirelessHart instrumentation drastically reduces risk since full multi-hop, multi-path, mesh topology eliminates all cables - Thanks to Jonas Berge and Control Engineering Asia 

Smart Sensing: Situational Awareness - Jonas Berge - Plant safety can be improved by making available important information to the relevant crew members at the right time. Smart sensing in this regard can improve the situational awareness of plant staff and as such improve operational effectiveness and safety. We sometimes read about plant disasters in the news, and every so often the cause has been a manual valve which was believed to be closed but was actually open. The information did not get passed on to the new shift crew at the shift change. Had they known the valve was open, had they had that crucial piece of information, the disaster might not have happened. We tell ourselves ‘had I only known,’ and we also say hindsight is 20/20.  WirelessHART technology provides a way to add important measurements and feedback to the operators to improve situational awareness. As such, enabling them to make better informed decisions based on actual information rather than having to deduce or infer information from other variables. Transmitters using this technology can easily be installed in older plants - Thanks to Jonas Berge and Industrial Automation.

Maintenance with a Hart - Jonas Berge - With finite resources, there is often not enough time to manually inspect, clean, and service all the process equipment around the plant to help prevent failures and downtime. The existing primary layer of wired process control for automation, found on the P&ID, is no longer sufficient. Deploying a “second layer” of wireless coverage of missing measurements to automate process equipment inspection, that goes “beyond the P&ID”, can help the maintenance department become more effective -Thanks to Jonas Berge and Control Engineering Asia.

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