ICEnews November 2013

All "that's cool" in Instrumentation and Control Engineering - "It's Purely Technical" - For Engineers by Engineers!

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Welcome to the November 2013 issue of ICEnews, the Instrumentation, and Control Engineering news source. ICEnews is a compendium of useful information which we endeavour to issue quarterly.

We want to make this newsletter a source of information that YOU can use in YOUR job, while also keeping you informed on what is happening in our industry both directly and indirectly. We welcome your Press Releases, information, AND any technical articles you may have that could be appropriate for this newsletter or our web site. If you have something you would like to contribute, please send it to ICEnews.

ICEweb’s primary purpose is to disseminate information about Instrumentation, Control, Electrical and Fire & Gas Engineering to you the practitioners and developers of these arts. Our quarterly publication ICEnews is another mechanism to get this information out to you.

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ICEart - Technical articles related to Instrumentation and Control (Just "click" on the Hyperlink for the full article or paper)

The following blog, whilst not really automation related, has some good tips on how to approach some of the challenges in life.

How to Recover from a Business, Engineering or Personal Setback -  Steve Mackay  - In some of my more desperate moments, I sometimes think the universe is a malevolent force – “Tough and Unforgiving”.  Admittedly, I am at that age (mid fifties) when friends and colleagues are ‘falling off their perches’ or getting sicker than usual. The so-called global financial disaster also pushed a lot of very good engineering businesses into a death spiral making people quite sad. And added to this; the rapid change due to technology (i.e. mainly the internet and IT related) has also made things considerably more challenging (perhaps interesting?) from a career and personal point of view. Recently, I have had a few good friends encounter significant set backs in their lives – such as suicide of partners, murder of a beloved family member, kids killed, businesses go insolvent and serious illnesses galore….not that I want to dwell on these issues. So I thought it would be good to revisit an old blog of mine here. The blog mainly focuses on engineering issues but touches on the personal side as well.  

You thought HD TV was pretty neat? - more interesting non Automation stuff - Ultra High Definition Television: Threshold of a new age - ITU Recommendations on UHDTV standards agreed – ITU has announced a new Recommendation that represents a major advance in television broadcasting that will create an entirely new television broadcast environment with the advent of ‘Ultra High Definition Television’ or UHDTV. ITU’s Radio communication Sector (ITU-R) has developed the standard – or Recommendation – in collaboration with experts from the television industry, broadcasting organizations and regulatory institutions in its Study Group 6.

ICEbooks – Useful Books, Software and New Releases related to Instrumentation and Control

Need Some Technical “know-how”? ICEweb has a page which details a selection of excellent Instrumentation, Automation, Control, Electrical, Electronic and Information Technology books from IDC Technologies. These can be purchased from ICEweb . Also detailed are other links to more useful references.

What’s in your pocket? Why not fill your pocket with an IDC pocket guide. Their six Engineering Pocket Guides are bursting with over 500 pages of valuable information. The six titles include: Instrumentation, Electrical Engineering, Data Communications, Formulae and Conversions, Electronic Engineering and Industrial Automation. Whether you are interested in just the one title or if you need the whole set send an email to  

The International Society of Automation (ISA) has announced that it has published a new reference book that outlines how to establish and manage industrial control groups, and how to initiate and execute industrial control projects. “The book, Managing Industrial Controls, is designed to fill the void in the marketplace for essential reference information dedicated to managers of industrial control groups,” says the book’s author, Nabil (Bill) E. Battikha, P.E., a widely recognized expert in process instrumentation and control engineering, and president of BergoTech, Inc., a firm specializing in online engineering courses. “Up to this point, there has been very little guidance available to industrial control managers. More often than not, these people have been getting promoted to these positions with no or very limited training

ICEbus - Information on any of the 26 different bus systems in use in the area of Instrumentation and Control.

Foundation Fieldbus, Fourth Edition - Ian Verhappen and Augusto Pereira

The fourth edition of Foundation Fieldbus significantly expands the subject matter of the earlier editions of this popular book not only to help you stay current with this evolving technology but to also enhance your understanding of Fieldbus. This edition provides in-depth coverage on Fieldbus communications and configuration, including calculation of macrocycle for Control-In-Field and in the Host system and how the different forms of communication on the H1 network work with each other to make Control-In-Field possible, including the use of these different methods to optimise network bandwidth.

Part of the field network evolutionary process includes a need to understand better how the changes in Electronic Device Description Language (EDDL), Field Device Tool (FDT), and Field Device Integration (FDI) will affect the way Fieldbus and other networks work together with asset management systems of the future, and your interaction with field devices.

More comprehensive step-by-step procedures are discussed for each stage of a typical FF installation: Inspection and electric commissioning to ensure cable integrity, H1 Network commissioning, configuration, and communications tests in the segments and the spurs. Several new photographs and explanations help emphasize the proper installation procedures so you can quickly identify and prevent potential problems when installing Fieldbus systems.

The contents of the entire book are then put to use with a full sample network design. The example is based on a typical simplified distillation tower and includes sample calculations/documentation-based.

The fourth edition explains Foundation Fieldbus in a convenient, easy-to-understand way, regardless of your level of experience; a novice wanting to learn what FF is all about or an experienced user looking for a few more tips and a single handy reference.

Potential Merger - The Fieldbus Foundation and the HART Communication Foundation have announced that they have entered into discussions on the potential for merging the two organizations into a single industry foundation dedicated to the needs of intelligent device communications in the world of process automation.

Modbus Integration Into FOUNDATION for Remote Operations Management Announced - The Fieldbus Foundation has announced that it is developing technical specifications for integration of devices based on the Modbus® communications protocol into its Foundation for Remote Operations Management (ROM) technology. Integration of these instruments will help enable an overall remote operations solution in a wide range of industrial automation applications.

Portable Tools Can Make Fieldbus Easier - Most people think of fieldbus as digital integration of field devices with process automation systems and that working with Fieldbus can only be accomplished with fixed assets (such as PCs) located in fixed locations, but there are also a number of portable tools available that can make specific fieldbus tasks a lot easier and help you get a better return on your fieldbus investment. There are some very good reasons for using portable tools and a wide range of products available with different functions and price levels. Here are some of the more compelling reasons to use portable tools, the different classes of tools, and some things the Fieldbus Foundation is doing to ensure that the products you purchase match their specifications.

Field Device Integration (FDI) - Making Device Management Easy - End users have struggled with different forms of device integration technology over the years, but the FDI effort aims to rationalize the worlds’ leading technologies for managing information from intelligent field devices. With FDI, managing the flood of information from today’s intelligent devices will get much easier. FDI will allow users to focus on how to best use their applications instead of worrying about how everything will connect together. FDI also means reduced development costs for device and system suppliers - from the Fieldbus Foundation.  

Reducing Lifecycle Costs with the Power of Fieldbus - How Yokogawa Turns Advanced Fieldbus Functions into Economic Return -FOUNDATION fieldbus offers some advanced functionality and features that suppliers can take advantage of to make things easier for end users across the plant lifecycle. In this paper, we look at some of the advanced functions of fieldbus from the design phase through the operational phase and show you how suppliers can use the FOUNDATION fieldbus specifications to create a truly powerful process automation solution for the end user. 

Taking Diagnostics to the Next Level - The FOUNDATION fieldbus specification was created from the ground up to allow suppliers to add their own competitive advantage to the technology. At the same time, we provide a standard infrastructure for your process automation requirements. Endress+Hauser is one supplier that has used the Foundation’s new FF-912 Diagnostics specification to address a wide range of diagnostic data from field devices, from the process to the sensing element to the device electronics. The world of device diagnostics is about to expand exponentially.

ICEed - Educational links associated with Instrumentation, Control and Fire & Gas

Call for Papers - If you have an upcoming conference and are calling for papers please contact us.



IDC have a range of E-Learning courses Covering Data Communications, Electrical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Instrumentation, Mechanical Engineering and Project Management .


Training and Workshop Schedules

IDC have a huge range of workshops and training courses in Australia and USA.

Free Courses! - The Engineering Institute of Technology, in conjunction with IDC Technologies will be running regular hour workshops covering basics, troubleshooting, new developments and much more including;

13 Nov - Electrical Safety Techniques for Industry
27 Nov 2013 - Live Session - Writing Simple PLC Ladder logic Programs 
4 Dec 2013 - Troubleshooting Variable Speed Drives
11 Dec 2013 - Nuts and Bolts of Flow Measurement

Downloads of slides from past technical courses

Forums and Conferences

ICElinks - Electronic Instrumentation Newsletters and links of Potential Interest to our readers.

A really great website for the latest news is the Read-Out Instrumentation Signpost.

Control Engineering have a great range of newsletters covering;

Are you into Hydraulics? Brendon Casey's Inside Hydraulics Newsletter contains loads of technical tips and money saving techniques.

Automation World offers some electronic newsletters of interest including;

The Flow Control Network has a excellent newsletter for flow "buffs".

Jim Pinto's Website has lots of great content pertaining to Automation.

Looking for some Technical Information on Control, Electrical Instrumentation, Fire & Gas, Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) and many other subjects?

ICEweb has nearly 100 Control, Instrumentation, Fire & Gas, Safety Instrumented Systems core pages and a total of more than 300 pages - It Really is Cool Engineering - By Engineers for Engineers it must be just about the World's first choice for Technical Information.

Search the vast ICEweb Free Technical Engineering Library for information on Control, Fire & Gas Systems, Electrical, Instrumentation and Safety Instrumented Systems.



ICEnew — Great new Technical Links posted on ICEweb.

ICEweb has developed the following pages thanks to our sponsor Prochem Pipeline Products;
Heat Tracing and Bundles - Heat Tracing, Bundles, Heated Hose, General theory, Applications and more!
Instrument Valves, Accessories, Enclosures, Sunshades and Supports
Pressure Regulators - General Theory, Technical Papers, Maintenance, Applications and more.
Samplers - On-Line Samplers Liquid Samplers, Gas Samplers, Solids Samplers, Applications and more
Monoflanges, Instrument Manifolds - Technical Data, Specifications, Application Data, Installation, Operation, Maintenance and more.

Just Click on the following to go straight to your area of Interest.

Actuators | Analysers | Analyser Sample Systems | Burner Management Systems | Cables | Choke Valves | Control Valves | Control Systems | Corrosion | Condition Monitoring | Data Loggers | Instrumentation, Control, Fire & Gas, Electrical and SIS Design Engineering | Instrumentation Databases | Process Simulators | Electrical | Earthing and GroundingElectrical Safety | Enclosures | ESD/BDV/SDV Valves | Flow | Fire & Gas | Ex Equip & Haz Areas | HIPPS | Hydraulics | Instrument Valves, Tubing and Fittings | Laser | Level | New Technologies | Pressure | Pressure Relief Valves | Rupture Discs | Safety Instrumented Systems | Safety | Security | Severe Service Control Valves | Solenoid Valves | Oil & Gas Valves | Supplier Resources | Surge & Lightening Protect | Test & Cal | Terminals | Temperature | Valves | Variable Speed Drives | Man & Automation Safety | Tools for Engineers | Signal Cond/Transmitters/Converters and Isolators | Instrument Technology | Wireless | ICEtime


ICEweb's Analyser pages cover many types of analysers plus their associated sample systems.

Guide to pH Measurement – the Theory and Practice of pH Applications - The aim of this book is to give a representative description of pH measurement in the process industries. The actual sensor, the pH electrode,  is therefore the main focus of the text. Correct sensor use is fundamental for a meaningful pH measurement. Accordingly, both practical and theoretical requirements are discussed in depth so that the measuring principle is understood and an accurate measurement made possible - from Mettler-Toledo AG.  

Chemical Testing ISO/IEC 17025 Application Document - Annex H: Calibration of gas analysers - This document provides additional interpretative criteria and recommendations for the application of ISO/IEC 17025 in the field of Chemical Testing for both applicant and accredited facilities conducting calibration of gas analysers, except for motor vehicle emission testing to Australian design rules which is covered in Chemical Testing Annex I - from NATA.

Analyser Sample Systems

Thanks to our sponsor Haldatec ICEweb's Analyser Sample Systems has a swag of technical papers - so if you need more information on this subject just go to this page for fantastic technical information!

A whole swag of Useful Sampling and Conditioning Papers from the NGS Tech 2011 conference. All the papers are on a single pdf, just scroll down using the index- Paper subjects are;
- The Chemistry and Physics of Natural Gas Sampling and Conditioning - Dr. Darin George
- The Standards Pertaining to Sampling and Conditioning of Natural Gas - Fred Van Orsdol
- Spot and Composite Sampling for BTU Analysis Determination and Natural Gas  Physical Properties David Fish
- Sample System Design Considerations for “Online” BTU Analysis - Matthew Kinsey
- Modular Sample Conditioning Systems for Natural Gas Analysis - Jay St. Amant
- Measurement of Water Vapor in Natural Gas by Automated and Manual Water Dew Point Measurement Methods - Dan Potter
- Sampling and Conditioning Natural Gas for H2S and CO2 Analysis - Sam Miller
- Sampling Wet Natural Gas for BTU and Moisture Analysis - Shannon Bromley
- Sampling and Conditioning During Loading, Unloading, and Storage of LNG - Jim Witte
- Benefits of Training Measurement Technicians in the Science of Sample Conditioning and Analysis - Brad Massey
- Are company sampling procedures in line with current standards? - Matt Holmes
See details on the 2014 conference here.

Burner Management Systems

Thanks to our sponsor Invensys Triconex ICEweb's Burner Management System page has around 70 fantastic technical links , many which are new, to assist you if you work in this area.

Standards Compliance and User Requirements for Industrial and Utility Boiler Control Systems - Dr. Issam Mukhtar & Geoff Rogers - AS61508 and AS61511 standards for Safety Instrumented Systems have been accepted by Australia as best practice engineering for general applications and as a basic requirement by the Energy Safety Authorities for “type B” appliance application approvals of gas fired plants. Considerations of multi-fuelled multiple-burner systems. This paper outlines Premier Consulting Services experience in implementing the standards on Industrial and Utility Boilers, Process Heaters, Furnaces and Gas Turbine applications, with and without Heat Recovery Steam generators. Issues and challenges in complying with AS3814/NFPA85 and AS61508 /61511 are also discussed highlighting some recommendations. Issues to consider when selecting and maintaining control system hardware and software. There are references to Australian Case studies on boilers, furnaces, gas turbines. 


Loads of links to cable information can be found on this page.

Cables-IEEE 1242 Specifying and Selecting Cable for Petrochemical Plants a Guide -By Donald A Voltz and Joseph H Snow, this is a really excellent technical paper from Mustang Engineering.

Protection or Degradation - Separate the ‘quiet’ cables such as analog I/O lines, digital I/O lines, or LAN connections - Motors starting, stopping, switches on and off, controls blinking in and out … it is a cacophony of electrical clatter. In today’s industrial environments, electronic devices, signal and power wiring, and other electrical plant/process equipment often interact to create “noise” or electromagnetic interference (EMI) problems, which can degrade critical measurement and control signals.  Proper grounding and shielding techniques can help reduce or eliminate these problems and maintain signal integrity. From InTech.

How to Stop the Noise with Shielded Cable - The Importance of Being Properly Shielded - Electrical Interference or noise is the bane of all complex (and high speed) industrial electronics system and product designers. And why not? In Industrial controls systems, for example, it's estimated that well over 50 percent of all system hardware failures are caused in part by electrical noise. This is not just an issue for microprocessor based systems. With today's infinitely more complex communications and control systems that incorporate higher transmission and switching speeds, the implications of noise related failures are increasing exponentially. There is growing industry concern as well as increasingly more rigid regulations related to electrically radiated emissions, and EMC (electromagnetic compatibility). How to shield power and signal cables has never been a bigger issue. Based on the ever increasing distances that signal and control communications are required to travel, cables are the system components most highly exposed to interference. In fact, EMC and effective shielding have become just as critical as any other design concern, particularly in mission critical applications such as: medical, defense, industrial machinery, sensing and control, and communication - from Alpha Wire.

Choke Valves

ICEweb's Choke Valve page has links to some fantastic technical information. This includes Choke Valve General Information, Choke Valve Design Specification, Choke Valve Maintenance and Inspection, Common Choke Valve Problems and Solutions , Choke Papers and Applications, Subsea Choke Valves, Choke Control Systems and some great links to technical papers.

Mokveld Choke Valves, a Concept that Works - Chokes are critical for the safe and economic production of the world’s oil and gas reserves. In the past simple needle-and-seat chokes were adequate as pressure cuts were low and the applications of adjustable chokes were less demanding. Also, in that era, adjustable chokes employing the rotating disc principle provided satisfactory performance. A number of factors have changed the demands on chokes.  Operating pressures have increased. Safety and reliability are becoming increasingly important. And finally, the economics of the equipment, seen over the life of the field, are vital for the profitable development of the field. The new challenge was met by Mokveld with a proven expertise in control valves. Mokveld pioneered in the use of cages in production chokes. A cage-type choke has a multiple-orifice cylinder - the cage - and a piston which is connected to the stem. The movement of the piston modulates the area of the fluid passage. As a result of the impingement effect generated in the cage-type design, the erosive action of the fluid is fully under control. Also, noise is reduced to safe levels.  

Control Valves

A Control Valve Repository which has heaps of great, useful technical information. Fantastic links covering Diagnostic Tools for Control Valves, Valve Sizing, Control Valve Handbooks, Self Operated Regulators, Control Valve Noise Calculation and Prediction, , Positioners, Selection and Application, Maintenance and a mass of other really useful Links to Articles on Control Valves.

Subsea Gas Compression with Mokveld Subsea Control Valves - Mokveld is proud to have been awarded the subsea anti-surge control valves for the Åsgard Subsea Gas Compression Project. Subsea gas compression is a technology approach that can boost recovery rates and lifetimes of offshore gas fields. Aker Solutions - at the forefront of subsea gas compression - was awarded the contract by operator Statoil to supply a complete subsea compression system for Norway’s Åsgard field. The project represents a quantum leap in subsea technology, and an important step in realising Statoil’s vision of a complete underwater plant.

Taking the Mystery out of Cavitation Pilot-Operated Automatic Control Valves - Brad Clarke and Kari Oksanen  - Cavitation can be an extremely damaging force as related to the application of pilot-operated automatic control valves. The consequences of cavitation are numerous and can include: loud noise, extreme vibrations, choked flow, destruction or erosion of control valves and their components resulting in disruption of water distribution or plant shutdown. This white paper deals with cavitation solutions as they relate to valves and specifically pilot-operated automatic control valves. A high level description of what causes cavitation and the associated impacts is covered. Typical occurrences of cavitation and consequences are also discussed in some detail – from Singer Valve.

Sizing Actuated Control Valves - Do you Really Understand your Application Requirements? - Jody Malo - There are many options and several conditions that need to be considered when purchasing a valve. The more information from the field, the better the choice will be. The ultimate goal is to identify the best valve for the job required at the most economical price. While it’s not rocket science to do this, there is some fundamental information that needs to be taken into account – from Flow Control.

Control Systems

Covering vast array of technical subjects on Control Systems such as Advanced Process Control, Alarm Management, Batch Control, Cascade Control, Compressor Surge Control, Control Room Design, Control Forums, Fuzzy Logic, Decentralised Control, Modelling and Optimisation, Pneumatic Controllers, Process Sequence Control Documentation Standards, Programmable Automation Controllers, Loop Tuning and much more.

Webinar - How to Achieve New Levels of Plant Performance with your DCS - Unleash the power of your DCS and manage your plant in real time… instead of through a rear view mirror - Don Clark - VP, Global industry Solutions at Invensys - Opportunities to improve business profitability enabled with next-generation control systems are delineated. This webinar discussion addresses the context of today's real-world business drivers - Rapidly changing raw material costs, Minute-to-minute energy costs, Global competition, New regulatory environments, Cyber security and Doing more with less. A high-level road map and case study is presented that explains how you can leverage your investment to improve business performance and manage your plant in real time… instead of through a rear view mirror. With a modernized DCS learn how to; Use strategic, operationally-focused business measurements, See the impact of control decisions in real time, across the value chain, Achieve the visibility needed to strategically balance maintenance and production priorities and Discover measurement and performance advances that are now standard issue in a modern control system - You will have to register to access this Webinar - from Invensys.


Need to know about a corrosion issue? You are likely to find an answer in these pages.

Condition Monitoring

We are looking for more technical papers in this area.

Data Loggers

There are numerous Data Logger technical papers and articles in this updated page thanks to our valued sponsor HINCO.

Design Engineering for Instrumentation, Control, Electrical, Fire & Gas and Safety Instrumented Systems

AVEVA Instrumentation™ - Instrumentation and Control systems engineering, design, documentation and management software

For the Instrument Engineer

  • KKS AND ECS TAGGING SUPPORT - Includes pull-down lists of values

  • DATASHEETS - Document management functions / Familiar spreadsheet functions /Robust, auditable revision control

  • INSTRUMENT LIST - Create and maintain list data / Data import from Excel and P&IDs

  • INSTRUMENT CALCULATIONS - Flow Element Sizing / Control Valve Sizing / Relief Valve Sizing / Thermowell Vibrations / Gas Compressibility Factor

  • LOOP LIST - Easy creation and editing of loops / Automatic generation of Wiring Manager data / Loop Wiring Check reports in pdf format

  • REPORTS =Extensive user-definable report printing and export

For the Instrument Designer

  • DRAWING LIST MANAGEMENT - Manual and batch mode functions / Add drawings automatically from the Instrument Engineer and Wiring Manager modules / Manage drawing revisions / Link drawing text fields to database fields

  • LOOP DIAGRAM GENERATION - User-definable templates / Automatic updating from Wiring Manager and Instrument Engineer modules / Full revision history

  • TERMINATION DIAGRAM GENERATION - Automated drawing creation / Automatic updating from Wiring Manager 

  • HOOKUP/INSTALLATION DRAWINGS - Automated, user-definable AutoCAD drawings / User-definable catalogue, with over 3000 items / BoM reports by area or total project

  • CHANGE MANAGEMENT - Log and report all drawing changes

For the Wiring Manager  - Features Graphical representation and manipulation of items - Supports DIN rails with multiple devices - Rule-based creation of terminations
  • CABLE FUNCTIONS - Creation by catalogue or copying existing cables / Cable merge and split functions / Automatic cable schedules and gland BoM reports / Automatic cable drumming for minimum wastage

  • TERMINATIONS - Drag & Drop wire termination and I/O allocation / Automatic, editable Block Diagrams / Automatic, rule-based numbering / Graphical reports in pdf format

  • REPORTING - Cable Schedules, Cable and Gland BoMs / Cable Drum Schedule / Wire/Ferrule Number Schedules / I/O Allocations

For the Process Engineer Instrument Data - Process Module - View and edit data for multiple instruments - Grid format, for rapid data entry / Copy and paste functionality / View instrument data by type / Gaps or inconsistencies in data are easy to see/ Enables Process Engineers to enter their own data and process input to be included with instrumentation data on all documentation

Watch the Video " AVEVA Instrumentation - Curing your Engineering Headaches" - This video gives a quick overview of the powerful features provided by this Engineering Tool.

Top Ten Instrumentation Headaches - AVEVA spoke to instrumentation and control experts across the industry and identified no less than ten key areas where other vendors’ instrumentation design technologies fail to meet engineers’ and designers’ requirements. These are the top ten headaches that the engineers and designers face on a daily basis. The good news is that companies can avoid these headaches entirely by deploying the ‘visual engineering’ approach at the heart of AVEVA’s field-proven instrumentation solution. Register to read the full paper here.

The Best Way to Discover the Measurable Business Benefits of AVEVA Electrical
AVEVA Electrical Business Value CalculatorThe best way to discover the measurable business benefits of AVEVA Electrical is to see it for yourself. Your local AVEVA sales team will be pleased to show you its many features and benefits.
Using this interactive Business Value Calculator, they will also be able to illustrate the savings that your business could achieve on your typical projects with selected products from the wider AVEVA portfolio. Contact them here.

Watch the Video "Feature Rich Tools for Electrical Engineers and Designers" - This short video gives a good initial insight into what is a SUPER design tool! It features the Engineering and Designer Modules along with the Wiring Module.

A Shocking Waste of Money - Eight Reasons Why Electrical Design Costs More Than it Should - Electrical engineering and design is one of the most complex and demanding challenges facing EPCs and shipbuilders, in new builds, in-plant projects, and marine refit. Recent capital expenditure on electrical engineering and design has been estimated to reach $3 billion in the hydrocarbon plant industry alone. But should we be shocked by this figure? Surely such a complex discipline necessarily comes with a high price tag? Expense is inevitable, certainly. But wastefulness is unforgivable. Unfortunately, the technology used to plan and design electrical systems, just like that used to design instrumentation and control systems, is often just that – wasteful. Because it has been developed with little regard for engineers’ and designers’ natural working methods, it results in cumbersome and error-prone methods of handling data, and prevents users from making effective technical use of the natural synergies that exist between many activities. Register to read the full paper here

Powering Up - Essential Capabilities for Efficient Electrical Engineering and Design - Electrical engineering and design is extremely  complex and demanding  for new plant projects, plant revamps and shipbuilding. In the hydrocarbon industry alone, annual capital expenditure on electrical engineering and design has been estimated to reach $3 billion. Clearly, the electrical disciplines should have engineering and design tools as powerful as those used for 3D design in plant layout or ship design. This white paper details these tools.

AVEVA – the world's leading engineering software provider, whose vision and commitment have completely redefined the plant, power and marine industries.

Find out more about AVEVA Instrumentation and other products here.

Search Engine for International Standards - This is useful.

Design Engineering Software Database for Instrumentation, Control, Fire & Gas and Safety Instrumented Systems

Thanks to AVEVA take a look at this page with just masses of information on the Instrument Database Approach to ICE Design Engineering.

Dynamic Process Simulators and Training Systems

Plenty of information on this subject.


Many pages with Numerous Technical Links and White Papers on various Electrical Subjects.

Earthing and Grounding

The following papers are from the 2013 Electrical Arc Flash Conference and Electrical Safety & Power System Protection Forum  – Thanks to our sponsor IDC Technologies

Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) 

How You Can Deal Effectively with Electrostatic Discharge (ESD)  - Steve Mackay - Many years ago, in an isolated part of the outback on the inevitable mine site in hot and dry conditions, one of our guys inserted a communications board into the PLC rack and inadvertently destroyed one of the key memory chips by electrostatic discharge (ESD). Fortunately, we had one backup board left. But it was a salutary lesson in being vigilant about the effects of ESD. No back up board could have meant significant down time while we waited for a replacement to be shipped to site.


Check OUT our NEW Electrical Safety Page which contains the following excellent papers.

The following papers are from the 2013 Electrical Arc Flash Conference and Electrical Safety & Power System Protection Forum  – Thanks to our sponsor IDC Technologies

  • Electrical Workplace Safety - Seven Electrical Safety Habits - Zarheer Jooma - Authored by Hugh Hoagland -This paper discusses seven electrical safety habits based on investigations of more than 150 electrical safety incidents and their  the root causes.

  • The Dilemma of the Personal Protective Equipment Suppliers in Developing Countries - Ivan Pretorius Contracts Manager, Quality Safety - The dilemmas that suppliers find themselves in stem from the fact that they do not receive adequate information in order to meet their legal obligations regarding the supply of the correct Personal Protective Equipment.  In order to assist in making this more user friendly for all concerned involves use of a simple Four Step Method which has proven to be very useful.

  • Properly Established Compliance Applications Provide Valuable Learning Platforms - Dr Donald Glass Engineering Consultant & Executive Director, St James Software - A number of facilities in North America have configured their Compliance Management applications together with other Operations Management applications (such as operations logbook, handover logbook, incident manager, hazard & root cause analysis) to provide a platform for continuous learning about the facility, the operations and the risk areas. An example of this approach can be observed in the linking a permit-to-work application with an operations management operation. The resultant, automatic escalation of high risk situations, combined with relevant information, allows the permit to work application to not only set a high standard – supporting the drive for high safety standards - but simultaneously help employees improve their skills while performing their duties. This paper examines how managers can use compliance programs to help with the training of new staff as well as with the streamlining of maintenance, safety and environmental programmes.
  • Electrical Safety for Engineers and Supervisors – A First Primer - Gary Triffitt - The purpose of this paper is to ensure that you, the audience, are made aware of the dangers and of modern practice in hazard management with particular reference to electricity.
  • Fault Reduction Strategy using Neutral Earth Resistor (NER) Installation - Cheng Lee - Lead Engineer, Peracon - Co-author : Frans Cloete, Peracon - Fault level reduction is an ongoing challenge in a growing electrical network. With generation and network capacity continually being added to the system, the fault levels in various locations of a distribution network will soon approach their maximum allowable design level. For electrical power distribution companies there are a number of business drivers that force the implementation of fault level reduction schemes. While the general operation of Neutral Earthing Resistors (NER) for fault level reduction is well understood, optimisation of the design under various network configurations to yield maximum benefit requires detailed study. This paper presents the studies carried out in assessing the impact of Neutral Earthing Impedances of varying sizes for phase-ground faults on a “generic” network with three different configurations: Delta-Star Transformer configuration; Star-Star Transformer configuration; and Bus Tie CB Open (Delta-star Transformer configuration) The impact of Transient Recovery Overvoltage (TRV) on selected zone substation configuration resulting from the installation of NERs is also presented.

Arc Flash

  • Evaluation of Arc Flash Hazards Using Computer Based Simulation - Hilton Bennie - Senior Electrical Engineer, Applied Energy Solutions (Pty) Ltd - As engineers are responsible for the safety of personnel, it is our responsibility to perform the Arc Flash Hazard Analysis as accurately, yet conservatively, as possible. Being overly conservative may yield unnecessarily strict PPE requirements, which may be cumbersome and ultimately counter-productive. Engineers need to have tools and systems in place to ensure a high level of confidence in the results of the Arc Flash Analysis. We need the ability to perform our analyses on various scenarios, making sure that we account for the worst reasonable case.
  • Assessment and Selection of Arc Protective Performance of PPE – Go Beyond the Norms - Dr Helmut Eichinger -Technical Marketing Manager, Senior Consultant, DuPont International Operations, Geneva, Switzerland - The arc protective performance of PPE is usually expressed by its arc rating, typically its ATPV, evaluated according to ASTM, IEC or EN standards. Recent developments, findings and discussions suggest that more considerations should be given to further test result parameters (such as EBT, ELIM and/or Box test Class 1 and 2) and also that the understanding of the meaning of the test results with respect to probability of skin burns needs to be improved. Furthermore, there exist important performance assessment and selection aspects, which are not or only insufficiently dealt with in the existing norms, such as robustness of the arc protective performance as a function of laundering, wear conditions, contaminations, or such as wearer acceptance, aesthetics, comfort and heat stress, or whether and how to include underwear in the selection of appropriate arc protective PPE.
  • Calculating Arc and Incident Energy in an Arc Flash – Where do the Equations come from? - Prof Jerry Walker - Director, Walmet Technologies (Pty) Ltd - This paper gives a brief overview of the first formulas and methods developed since it was first recognised that Arc Flashes play a major role in electrical accidents, to the accepted methods and formulas used in present National and International Standards. It also highlights the deficiencies and constraints in the different methods. The formulas for the calculation of the incidence energy at a specific distance (arc flash boundary) are given but not discussed.
  • Grounded! – How to Deal with Arcing - Tommy Roes - UDT Business Unit Manager, Martec - Arcing is more common than we would like to believe, even in new installations. Detecting these defects can be challenging, particularly at an early stage. Not one inspection technique, can on its own, detect and localize every defect. Selecting the most appropriate method, requires that inspectors understand the nature of the defect and the signs and signals available to be detected. The next logical step is to have the right technology available to pin point their location. Discover the technologies and inspection techniques that should become mandatory for all electrical maintenance personnel. To not only reduce the risk of arc flash exposure, but also enhance the overall reliability of the electrical system. This paper discusses simple and practical solutions available for reducing Arc Flash related injuries or death, the obvious “front runner” in the “risk” department, and rightly so. Be that as it may, how far down the list do “loss of electrical assets” and “unplanned downtime” sit?  The paper looks at a “win win” situation which will reduce the risk of all three.
  • Arc Flash Protection Study – Eskom Kendal Power Station - Linda Dlamini - Senior Portfolio Manager – TFMC and  Moeketsi  Melele - Senior Supervisor – Eskom PTM - Major strides have been made in understanding and preventing the undesirable consequences of arc flash incidents in the power utility. Fault level studies using some of the advanced software models, e.g. DigSilent and estimating incident energy and arc flash boundaries with some degree of accuracy using IEEE1584 model, are some of the greatest developments. Controlling exposure to arc flash is the last resort once the means to eliminate, or engineering means to reduce have all proven counterproductive or cost-ineffective. To achieve the right level of control, the solution of PPE has been implemented. This, together with other interventions to limit exposure to electric arc may significantly reduce the risk of exposure. The paper seeks to explain the studies leading to the decisions on Arc Flash PPE.
  • Development of Standards for MV Switchgear Rated for Arc Protection - Bryan Johnson - Product Group Manager, MV Switchgear, ABB South Africa - Switchgear standards historically considered the electrical capability of switchgear with little regard to the effects of internal arc. To achieve some degree of safety users and manufacturers have considered, measures ranging from PPE, specific operating procedures, through to remote control and arc detection systems, however these measures do not change the characteristics of the switchgear, and therefore the switchgear / switch room should still be considered a high risk area.
  • Arc Flash Protection – What More Can Be Done? - Laura Steenkamp - What more can be done to mitigate the risks of arc flash related injuries? This paper explores two aspects that already mitigate arc flash risks and poses questions as to why they may be less effective than anticipated. Why do fatalities still occur given the effort placed on proper procedures and clothing during switching? The paper also looks at the term ‘human error’ and what it means for the future of electrical arc safety.
  • Reducing Risk to Workers Using Infrared Windows - Steve Edwards - R&C Instrumentation - Temperatures can reach as high as 20000°C causing rapid expansion of hot air around the flash area. Copper Busbars vaporize and expand up to 67000times. A piece of copper Busbar the size of a pea becomes the size of a rail car. Molten copper now becomes hot shrapnel. This anomaly is asset destroying, unpredictable and if you are in its path it hurts. So, how can we make this safer?  What about keeping the panel closed and doing the thermography through the closed panel? Impossible right? Wrong! A solution is available through the installation of infrared windows, which means the inspection can be carried out efficiently with the energised system enclosed behind a closed door. In fact, the installation of IR windows will not only make the inspection process safer, but will also save cost.
  • ROI Case Study 2 - Paper Mill Boosts RCM Program with Cost Savings Generated by its IR Window Program - Martin Robinson - Level 3 Thermographer, President & Chief Engineer, IRISS, inc. - A paper mill in Georgia had run a very successful infrared inspection program for a number of years using a local, contract thermographer working with the mill’s in-house electricians. Although the program had a good track record, senior management was concerned about the potential impact of NFPA 70E requirements, and how best to comply with them. The plant commissioned IRISS Inc. to conduct a cost-benefit analysis and present its recommendations.
  • Arc Flash - Safety by Design in LV Switchgear - David Stonebridge - ABB Australia - The Australian WH&S regulations & codes of practices have undergone dramatic changes in recent years. In 2012 the state & territory governments have to some degree harmonised the WH&S requirements, however when it comes to Arc Flash the debate continues with no firm national harmonised recommendations. Many mining companies in Australia have adopted the US regulations which have also undergone changes when it comes to protecting workers against Arc Flash. The focus of this paper is to look at safety by design in LV switchgear to protect workers against arc flash and to eliminate the need for PPE levels higher than category 2.
  • Internal Arc Safety in New and Existing Switchgear - Richard Blakeley - RPS SWITCHGEAR LIMITED - This paper highlights the issues in managing elderly oil-filled switchgear and explains the modes and consequences of failure of this equipment. It explains what happens when a ‘flashover’ occurs inside a switchboard and shows how the experiences of designing and testing switchgear to the latest standard for internal arc withstand can be successfully applied to existing switchboards to bring them in line with the latest requirements for internal arc safety.

Digital Substation

Movement to The Full Digital Substation for Primary Distribution - Albert Massoud - Automation Engineer & Account Manager, Alstom Grid - Digital devices such as numerical protection relays and digital control systems are prevalent in Substations today with a wide range of Technology being utilised. This article looks at other substation areas into which digital technology can permeate, such that progressively, substations can become fully digital in their implementation.

IEC61850 Based Process Bus Protection Systems

IEC61850 Based Process Bus Protection Solution for Remote Located Power Transformers - Dinesh Mithanthaya - Design Manager, Horizon Power – This paper emphasises the use of an IEC61850 process bus based solution to meet all the protection requirements of transformers. The sensitivity, selectivity, stability, speed and reliability of the scheme can be achieved, by using a single unit protection relay, with the electrical secondary parameters converted to digital data at the switchyard equipment, and transported through fibre link, with no electrical interference or cable burden issues. It is a neat and clean solution, easy to install and maintain, leading to cost benefit to the user.

Power Transformers

An On-Line Technique to Detect Winding Deformation within Power Transformers - A. Abu-Siada - Senior Lecturer, Curtin University - Frequency Response Analysis (FRA) has been growing in popularity in recent times as a tool to detect mechanical deformation within power transformers. To conduct the test, the transformer has to be taken out of service which may cause interruption to the electricity grid. Moreover, because FRA relies on graphical analysis, it calls for an expert person to analyse the results as so far, there is no standard code for FRA interpretation worldwide. In this paper an online technique is introduced to detect the internal faults within a power transformer by considering the voltage-current (V-I) locus diagram as a transformer fingerprint that can be measured every cycle to provide a current state of the transformer. The technique does not call for any special equipment as it uses the existing metering devices attached to any power transformer to monitor the input voltage, output voltage and the input current at the power frequency and hence online monitoring can be realised. Various types of faults have been simulated to assess its impact on the proposed locus. A Matlab code based on digital image processing is developed to calculate any deviation of the V-I locus with respect to the reference one and to identify the type of fault. The proposed technique is easy to implement and automated so that the requirement for expert personnel can be eliminated.

Transmission Power Transformers

Condenser Construction and Awareness of Negative Power Factor on Dielectric Dissipation Factor (DDF) Measurements - Wayne Proud - Technical Officer, Westernpower - As an owner of Transmission High Voltage transformers you will want to manage your plant on condition. One of the accessories of a Transmission Power Transformers is the bushings. A failure of this accessory will lead to a loss of supply from this asset and may even result in a transformer fire which would not only destroy the Transformer, but it may lead to the destruction of neighbouring plant. As an Asset Manager you will have a need to reliably measure the capacitance and Dielectric Dissipation factor (DDF) of the bushings to monitor their condition. As quality control results needs to be accurate and reliable, inconsistencies can lead to poor evaluation and premature replacement. This paper discusses the principals of condenser construction related to testing bushings and presents a case study of the phenomenon of negative results associated with DDF measurements which could influence trending.  

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In the four hours, you will learn: The basics of electrical power engineering, Basic electrical design rules, Practical steps in selection, installation and commissioning of electrical systems and How to work more effectively with electrical engineering professionals


Electrical and Instrumentation Enclosures 


Thanks to our sponsor Weidmuller you can find information on Cabinet design, construction, NEMA and IP ratings, Maintenance, EMC and lots more!


Unique Passive Fire Shelter Technology Provides New Protection Choice for Process Plant Designers - Includes shelters for hydrocarbon fires with 90-minute protection which are light, corrosion proof, maintenance-free construction and  ideal for offshore applications. They are designed to protect critical safety equipment from exposure to high temperature fires in hazardous areas. The shelters are entirely passive, maintenance-free and impervious to a wide range of corrosive chemicals – including salt, sulphur dioxide and sour or acid gas.

GRP Composites are the Material Of Choice for Tomorrow's Offshore Enclosure Applications - Enclosure designs for protecting offshore equipment are evolving rapidly to combat the widespread problem of corrosion, and to meet industry demands for higher levels of safety and reliability, and new functionality.  Among the demands satisfied by enclosures made from GRP (glass reinforced polyester) based composite materials are superb resistance to the corrosive forces of the offshore environment, an ability to make pressurised explosion proof (Ex p) enclosures in any size - not just the small types that are commonly available - as well as the ability to withstand blast forces and jet-fires.

ESD Valves - Shutdown and Blowdown 

This comprehensive page includes technical and design information on Emergency Shutdown Valves, Shutdown Valves, Blowdown Valves, Actuators, Fire Safe Actuators, ESD Valve Fire Shelter and Partial Stroke Testing.

Depressurizing Systems used to Reduce the Failure Potential for Scenarios Involving Overheating - Sari Aronen -When metal temperature is increased due to fire, exothermic or runaway process reactions, the metal temperature can reach a level where stress rupture can occur. Depressurizing reduces the internal stress, extending the life of the vessel at a given temperature. A relief valve cannot provide adequate risk reduction or safety to depressurize a vessel: it can only limit the pressure from exceeding the process upset point. Therefore, depressurizing valves are used to reduce the risk of losing equipment integrity.


These pages cover; Coriolis, Magflow, Metering, Multiphase, Orifice Plates, Ultrasonic, Thermal, V-Cone, Vortex and more!

Thanks to our sponsor McCrometer the V-Cone page has been extensively upgraded with more GREAT links to comprehensive technical information.

The Following are from our sponsor McCrometer.

5 Keys to Selecting a Mag Meter - When choosing an electromagnetic flow meter, it’s important to consider a selection process that will provide the best possible solution for your flow meter application. Electromagnetic flow meters are typically the meter of choice when considering cost, accuracy, and longevity. Here are some tips that can assist with ensuring that the electromagnetic flow meter is the right choice.

Next Generation Mag Meter Solves Water Treatment Plants Tight Installation Dilemma - Michelle Pawlowicz - The flow meter selected is ideal for the needs of the Lake Huron WTP because it is economical for large line sizes, features a compact insertion design for ease of installation in compact spaces with limited access points and can be installed and maintained without shutting down flow.

Flow Measurement in a Pump Station - Michelle Pawlowicz - Water losses within the distribution system can raise costs for both plants and customers. As a result, many municipal plants are being forced to run their plants and operations as efficiently as possible. Water supply issues, budget constraints and environmental concerns have raised the importance of understanding plant production and losses. Acquiring the ability to measure flow effectively at various points within the distribution system will provide data regarding the quantity of water pumped into a treatment facility, and the quantity of water pumped from the treatment facility throughout the distribution system. Measuring flow in each pump station will provide a reference point to these quantities of water flowing through the pump station. This will assist with maintenance planning, provide data references for potential loss analysis and accurately determine how much water is transported for billing and revenue processes.

The following are from the excellent Spitzer and Boyes website.
An Hour with Doctor Flowmeter - Walt Boyes - How do you pick a flow meter?  Picking a flow meter takes both knowledge of the kinds of meters available and the kind of empirically derived knowledge that comes from experience.  If you are like most people, you start by thinking about kinds of meters, their features and their hardware and software. You might start to build the meter from the application requirements. There are lots of flow devices, for both liquids and gases, and closed and open channels. What we’ll do here is to look at some of the most common, and try to home in on some simple ways to select and use them. Note that there are at least 10 different types…and they don’t all work on all applications 
Flow like an Egyptian -The Basics of Open Channel Flow – Walt Boyes - There are two basic ways to measure flow in an open channel or conduit. The first is to use one of the formulas like Manning’s Equation, which have been developed for open channel flow in ditches, rivers, and canals. You must calculate a wetted perimeter, and know the slope of the conduit, and guess at the roughness of the bottom of the conduit, or pipe. The second method is to measure the height of the flowing stream at a known distance behind (upstream) of a predictable hydraulic jump, such as a flume or weir.

Ultrasonic Flowmeters

Thanks to ICEweb Sponsor Zedflo our Ultrasonic Flow Metering page has been updated with new links, these include:

The following papers are from the excellent CEESI Flow Measurement Technical Library - A superb resource!

Fire and Gas

Technical Papers covering many aspects of Fire and Gas Engineering. Thanks to Honeywell Analytics this page has been extensively re-modelled with many new links added.

Honeywell Analytics Gas Book - This updated handbook is intended to offer a simple guide to anyone considering the use of gas detection equipment. It provides an explanation of both the principles involved and the instrumentation needed for satisfactory protection of personnel, plant and environment. The aim has been to answer as many as possible of the most commonly asked questions about the selection and use of industrial gas detection equipment.

Reducing Costs and Enhancing Safety with Open Path Infrared (IR) Gas Detection  - It is fair to say that Infrared (IR) technology has revolutionised the gas detection market, providing a principle of detection that offers many tangible benefits in terms of performance, functionality and reduced ongoing costs. Since IR’s introduction into gas detection during the late 1970s, a variety of principles have subsequently emerged, the most impacting of which has been Open Path. This is a detection technique that allows gas to be monitored across a large range. Unlike a single Point IR device, an Open Path detector usually has two components with a beam of IR light between them, allowing this type of device to detect a gas cloud that drifts into the beam. This configuration provides the instant benefit of an increased chance of detecting a gas leak. Designed to monitor a diverse variety of Hydrocarbon gases, Open Path IR has a number of key benefits that add real value, when compared to solutions like catalytic bead detection. It is essential to consider the build, configuration and value of the Open Path devices currently available, when selecting a system, as they can vary considerably in terms of performance capability and ability to reduce ongoing costs - thanks to ICEweb sponsor Honeywell Analytics.

Hazardous Areas Instrumentation and Electrical Equipment - A huge technical library of Technical Information covering a wide range of Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas.

EEMUA CompEx® Explosive Atmospheres - Application Design Engineer Competency Certification Launched - EEMUA CompEx® – This competency scheme for personnel involved in hazardous area working to IEC 'Ex' standards – has taken a significant step forward with the extension of the scheme to encompass professional engineers responsible for design and management of hazardous areas. Up to now, CompEx has focused primarily on the installers and maintainers. The new CompEx Unit (Ex12) Explosive Atmospheres – Application Design Engineer for professional engineers completes the safety linkage across the lifecycle of the hazardous area workplace from design through plant commissioning and operation

High Integrity Pressure Protection Systems - (HIPPS)

A swag of information on this interesting subject.

Considerations in Designing HIPPS - Willem-Jan Nuis / Rens Wolters -  HIPPS is an abbreviation for High Integrity (Pressure) Protection System, which is a specific application of a Safety Instrumented System (SIS) designed in accordance with IEC 61508. The function of a HIPPS is to protect the downstream equipment against overpressure by closing the source. Usually this is done by timely closing one or more dedicated safety shut off valves to prevent further pressurisation of the piping downstream of those valves.


Need some Technical Information on Hydraulics? Look at ICEweb's page.

Instrumentation Valves, Tubing and Fittings

ICEweb has very comprehensive pages on this subject.

Video – Techniques for Effective Tubing – Note these training videos from Yellow Jacket are for Copper Tubing only and whilst concentrating on HVAC applications have some useful tips. They cover Cutting, Deburring, Flaring, Swaging, Bending  etc. They are large downloads.  

Fitting Installation Manual - This pocket Ebook is just the "Instrument Fittings Bees Knees" - full of fantastic information on Pipe Threads - Straight and Taper, Thread Tape and its Application, The Pipe vs. Tubing Decision, Tubing – Advantages / Variables / Derating / Care and Handling / Bending  / Bending Information Charts - HOKE Gyrolok Assembly Instructions  / Sizes 1˝, 25mm and Smaller / Sizes 1¼˝, 28mm and Larger 31 / All Sizes / Installation Aids  - HOKE Safety Check List  

Laser Instrumentation

Technical Information on Laser Level and Other Laser Instrumentation Applications.


Technical Information covering a wide range of level subjects including General Theory, Capacitance, Displacer, Float/Magnetic, Radar, Ultrasonic, Boiler Level and more!

Please support our Level Page sponsor Austral-Powerflo Solutions, see all their Magnetrol Level solutions on the page.

Laser Level Industrial Process Instruments

Thanks to ICEweb Sponsor Zedflo our Laser Level Instruments and Instrumentation page has been updated with new links.

New Technologies

This section of ICEweb is dedicated to new and emerging technologies.


Covers General Theory, Technical Papers, Transmitters, Regulators, Safety Tips, Blockage Tool and more Pressure Related Technologies.

Pressure Relief Valves

This must be just about the world's most comprehensive Pressure Relief Valve resource with links to Technical Papers / Technical Manuals /  Engineering Handbook / Calculations /Technical Data / Sizing and Selection / Two Phase Relief Sizing / Safety Relief Valve Design  / Codes and Standards / Noise Issues / Safety Issues /  Buckling Pin Technology / PSV Replacement, Maintenance, Installation and Inspection / Testing / PSV Monitoring by Wireless / Forums and much more!

Rupture Discs

Specifications, Standards, Technical Papers and Articles.

Rupture Disk Preliminary Sizing for Atmospheric Venting - Preliminary sizing for rupture disks on liquid or gas service venting to atmospheric pressure. Imperial (English) units only - from

Safety Instrumented Systems - Note - This page has been made more user friendly with bookmarks 
Thanks to Sponsor Triconex this is one of ICEweb's most popular pages with just heaps of information - covers
Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) Articles, Technical Papers, Multimedia and Applications from Triconex, Design of Safety Instrumented Systems , Fire & Explosion Hazard Management, IEC 16508 / IEC 16511/ANSI - ISA 84.00.01, Risk Assessment, Safety Instrumented Function, Safety Integrity Levels (SIL), Safety Instrumented Systems Replacement, Safety Requirements Specification, Safety Instrumented Systems Definitions, Abbreviations and Acronyms, Safety Instrumented Systems Applications, Statistical Signature Analysis, Software Tools for Safety Instrumented Systems Lifecycle Support, Partial Stroke Testing of Block Valves (Shutdown and Blowdown Valves), Process Safety Management (PSM), Transmitters for Safety Instrumented Systems, TÜV FSEng Training, Functional Safety Management and Compliance, HAZOP - Hazard and Operability Analysis, HSE (UK) Safety Instrumented System Documents, Safety Instrumented Systems Training and Lots More!

Invensys, a focused supplier of state-of-the-art industrial software, systems and control equipment to the world’s major industries and Sponsor of ICEweb's Safety Instrumented Systems and Burner Management pages has announced a year-long celebration to mark the 30th anniversary of its Triconex safety and critical control products brand.

  Invensys leads the market when it comes to overall safety instrumented systems. As one of the world’s most rigorously evaluated safety systems, more than 13,000 Triconex controllers are in use today in safety and critical control applications worldwide, and they have collectively amassed more than 600 million hours of safe operation. Through its Triconex solutions, Invensys helps clients achieve continuously safe, available and secure production, while increasing asset uptime, improving production output and maximizing return on assets.

Invensys has planned several special events in the coming year to mark the anniversary of its Triconex brand, including a celebration at the company’s Triconex and Foxboro Client Conference, as well as regional celebrations across the globe at various Invensys locations. Get more information.

Safety Controls, Alarms, and Interlocks as IPLs - Angela E. Summers, Ph.D., P.E. - Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA) evaluates the sequence of events that first initiate and then propagate to a hazardous event. This semi-quantitative risk assessment technique can expose the role that automation plays in causing initiating events and in responding to the resulting abnormal operation. Automation that is specifically designed to achieve or maintain a safe state of a process in response to a hazardous event is now referred to as safety controls, alarms, and interlocks (SCAI). Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers addresses four basic types of SCAI: safety controls, safety alarms, safety interlocks, and safety instrumented systems (SIS). This article discusses the design, operation, maintenance, and testing practices necessary for SCAI to be considered as independent protection layers (IPL). It also provides guidance on claiming multiple layers of protection in the basic process control system - Thanks to SIS-TECH 

The SIL Platform - Linked In Group - The interest in SIL (Safety Integrity Level) in industrial applications is growing. However, people involved in this process experience difficulties due to the relative complexity of it. Correct interpretation of the SIL standards is of great help. The SIL Platform attempts to achieve two objectives. The first is to provide a bulletin board to enable a Q&A process and exchange valuable experience and knowledge. The second is to provide input for the development of the relevant standards, such as the IEC61508 and IEC61511.

The Application of Safety Integrity Levels (SIL) - Position Paper on the SIL Platform - This is an excellent document on SIL which gives a comprehensive outline of SIL and the specific issues related to SIL in the Process Industries. The document provides basic information about the implementation of SIL, the relevant technology and focuses specifically on the SIL verification process to establish the adequate integrity of SIL loops - Thanks to our sponsor Mokveld and the SIL Platform Group.

API RP 2350 Recommended Practice for Overfill Protection for Storage Tanks in Petroleum Facilities: Common Questions and Answers - In the aftermath of several tragic tank overfill incidents in recent years, the American Petroleum Institute revised its API RP 2350 recommended practice to address malfunctioning or insufficient tank level gauging. During the past few months, Magnetrol have received numerous questions about these new recommendations for overfill protection, and the answers to the most frequently asked questions are shared on this blog. See further answers in Part 2 and Part 3.


Implications of the Engineers Australia Safety Case Guideline (3rd Edition) on Designers  - Gaye Francis and Richard Robinson - Directors, R2A Due Diligence Engineers - The 3rd Revision of the Engineers Australia Safety Case Guideline is in draft form. It extends the precautionary common law safety case concept of the two earlier editions (2002 and 2007) to consider how the safety case can be used as a tool to positively demonstrate safety due diligence consistent with the provisions of the model Work Health and Safety (WHS) legislation that has commenced all Australian jurisdictions except, at the time of writing, Western Australia and Victoria. The Guideline outlines the shift from hazard based risk assessment supported by the risk management standard to the precautionary due diligence approach now mandated by most Australian parliaments. Such a change has significant implications for designers, especially in the use of standards that use target levels of risk and safety such as EG(0) Power System Earthing Guide and IEC 61508 the Functional Safety Assessment standard as a design tool. Any design that relies on a process that is specifically rejected by statute will provide for serious legal difficulties. And in the event of a fatality, a beyond reasonable doubt proof of recklessness would be available, which is expected to lead to criminal charges for responsible officers of designer PCBUs (person conducting a business or undertaking) -Thanks to IDC for providing this paper.  

Security for Industrial Plant

This comprehensive page has numerous technical papers on Process Control Security issues

New ISA99 Cyber Security Standard Defines Key Technical Requirements for Secure Industrial Control Systems - The ISA-62443 series of standards, being developed by the ISA99 committee of the International Society of Automation (ISA) and adopted globally by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), is designed to provide a flexible framework to address and mitigate current and future vulnerabilities in industrial automation and control systems (IACS). A newly published standard in the series, ISA-62443-3-3-2013, Security for Industrial Automation and Control Systems Part 3-3: System Security Requirements and Security Levels, addresses risks arising from the growing use of business information technology (IT) cyber security solutions to address IACS cyber security in complex and dangerous manufacturing and processing applications - from the ISA.

Technical Briefing Kit: “Understanding Deep Packet Inspection for SCADA Security" - Eric Byres - This Technical Briefing Kit explains:
- The lack of granularity of SCADA/ICS protocols, making Deep Packet Inspection a necessity
- How DPI improves the security and reliability of industrial systems
- The urgent need for DPI given the advanced malware, such as Stuxnet, that is attacking industrial control systems nowadays
- Tofino Security DPI technology for securing the OPC and Modbus protocols
After reading this Technical Briefing Kit you will understand how Deep Packet Inspection for OPC and Modbus improves SCADA and ICS security - from Tofino.

Securing Offshore O&G Platforms - Advanced Threats need Advanced Firewalls - Heather MacKenzie - When engineers look at security, a topic they should know about is Deep Packet Inspection (DPI) and why offshore networks need to use it if they want to be secure. The critical systems managing production and safety on offshore platforms are largely based on legacy SCADA and Industrial Control System (ICS) products and protocols. Many of these products are decades old and were never designed with security in mind. Unfortunately these same systems are now connected to external systems using Ethernet and TCP/IP. That has been great for efficiency, but it exposes mission critical production systems to malware - from Tofino.

Severe Service Control Valves

A swag of technical papers can be found here.

Solenoid Valves

This is a comprehensive Technical Reference on Solenoids

Seven Things You Must Know Before Selecting Solenoid Valves For Your Reverse Osmosis System - Anne-Sophie Kedad-Chambareau , Roy Bogert and David Park - Membrane-based reverse osmosis (RO) filtration systems offer valuable service in a wide variety of industrial and commercial settings. They purify water, improve taste, and provide savings in food and beverage processing; increase energy efficiency in boilers; and supply a range of other benefits in applications from water jet cutting, vehicle washing, and humidification to restaurant and grocery use. One important component of these systems, typically used at several critical points, is the solenoid valve. Design engineers working for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) face multiple options—and issues—when selecting these complex, highly engineered devices for their systems. Beyond the usual considerations of correct sizing and wattage, experienced designers are aware that many current models may exhibit worrisome performance problems, as well as difficulties relating to certifications, availability, ease of assembly, and support, among others. Fortunately, valve technologies are now available that avoid many or all of these problems, while providing significant benefits for OEM and end user alike. This report guides designers and specifiers in choosing the right valve to make a major positive impact on budgets, equipment life, and time to market.  

Cold Hard Facts: Five Key Criteria for Selecting Low-Temperature Valves - Bob Cadwell - This paper examines five key qualities to look for when purchasing valves, cylinders, and other fluid automation devices for application in low ambient temperatures.

Specialist Oil & Gas Valves

Technical information on Cryogenic Ball, Gate, Globe and Check Valves - In the Oil and Gas industry, valves are exposed to some of the most extreme conditions imaginable. Corrosive and erosive environments and extremely high and low temperatures for example, require tough equipment, tough materials and tight tolerances. The technical links here provide engineering solutions. Check out our sponsor Prochem who have these solutions.

Supplier Resources and Useful Tools  

This page is focused on Business Tools for those in the Automation Business - Check it out! - Tools assist with Submittals, Transmittals, Record Books, Quotations, Internal Workflow, Web Based Software, Document Registers, Document Library, Document Control, Work Management, Bid Quotation / Preparation, Business Process Management, Enterprise Resource Planning, Instrumentation and Control Sales Engineering, Training and Certification , Business Budgeting Tools , Tracking Inventories , Instrument and Control Tradeshows, Instrument, Measurement, Control and Automation Trade Organizations and Quality Assurance and Quality Control . Would you like to see more Tools Included? Please let us know and we will endeavour to include them.

Control, Instrumentation, Fire & Gas and Safety Instrumented Systems Engineering Standards - This is a New Page under development so bear with us, lots more information will be added in the future.

Surge and Lightning Protection

It will never happen to me? Don't you believe it...Globally, some 2000 on-going thunderstorms cause about 100 lightning strikes to earth each second!! This page provides a comprehensive range of links to help resolve the potential effects.

The following papers are from the 2013 Earthing, Lightning & Surge Protection Conference – Thanks to our sponsor IDC Technologies

 Effective Surge Protection Installation - Phillip Tompson - Managing Director, Novaris Pty Ltd - This paper provides an outline of how to effectively install surge protection to various elements of an industrial plant. The paper highlights the need to consider cable impedance and the importance of equipotential bonding.

Comparison of Different Class I Surge Protective Devices for the Protection of Mobile Phone Stations - Holger Heckler, John Ortika - Phoenix Contact (Germany & Australia) - IEC Class I surge protective devices (SPDs) - for the diversion of direct lightning currents - are frequently used for the protection of low-voltage AC power systems. Nowadays more and more telecommunication applications are also powered with DC power systems (An example being radio base stations, which are equipped with Remote Radio Heads or Remote Radio Units {RRH/RRU}). Remote radio heads are usually powered with 48 V DC. For the efficient protection against the effects of direct lightning strikes, remote radio heads have to be protected with surge protective devices which are suitable for the installation in DC power systems. The IEC standards which describe the requirements and the test conditions for surge protective devices (IEC 61643-1, IEC 61643-11) do not address SPDs connected to DC power systems. In this paper special requirements for SPDs, connected to 48 V DC power systems, are defined and described. Tests carried out with different high performance Class I lightning current arresters, connected to a newly designed test circuit, show the advantages and restrictions of the use of these arresters in DC power systems. The tests had been carried out with different kind of spark gaps, varistors and combinations of spark gaps and varistors.

Practical Insulation Coordination for Lightning Induced Overvoltages - Jason Mayer - Technical Director, Energy Services, Aurecon - This paper provides guidance on how to undertake insulation co-ordination simulations in high voltage systems, using time domain software. There are a number of methods used in industry to complete this task. Some are simplified approximations, others involve statistical analysis. This is just one method, but it is a practical means of assessing the level of protection afforded by surge arresters in high voltage systems, against lightning strokes to exposed conductors. The paper does not consider overvoltages from switching transients or other sources, although some of the principles presented could be used in this area.

How Real Time Lightning Data Improves Safety & Reduces Downtime - Ken Ticehurst - Managing Director, Kattron Lightning & Weather Data – A lightning wide area detection network, part of Earth Networks global Total Lightning Network (KENTLN), provides a significant detection advance which enables the severity of a storm to be determined by the rate of Inter-Cloud flashes, 21st century technology provides advanced storm severity before damaging ground strokes begin. Advanced warning can provide alerts 30 to 45 minutes ahead of older technology

Lightning and Underground Mines – An Introduction - Franco D’Alessandro - Principal Consultant, PhysElec Solutions Pty Ltd - Effective mitigation of direct and indirect lightning discharges is an important aspect of the reliable operation of any mining operation. Whilst a systematic protection plan can be implemented relatively easily for above-ground operations, the circumstances are rather more complex for underground mines. The counterintuitive nature of assessing the risk lightning poses to underground mining operations will be developed in this paper. It commences with an overview of the key characteristics of lightning and then outlines the main variables and transfer mechanisms of relevance to underground mines. The paper then provides some examples of calculations carried out to quantify the dangers lightning poses underground.

Test and Calibration

Technical Papers and Articles on how to test and calibrate along with typical equipment. Thanks to our sponsor Zedflo Australia ICEweb's Test and Calibration Instruments page has been extensively upgraded.

Terminals - Electrical and Instrumentation Wiring

Need to know how to wire and terminate your control consoles, marshalling cabinets and junction boxes? Thanks to our sponsor Weidmüller ICEweb's Electrical and Instrumentation Terminals page has some great information


Safety Notice!

Chloride Induced Stress Corrosion Cracking of Stainless Steel Thermowells: Potential for Ingress Of Atmospheric Moisture - This safety notice from the HSE describes a specific degradation mechanism found inside stainless steel thermowells operating where the external atmosphere contains halides, as is typical in coastal locations or near to cooling towers. Thermowells can ‘breathe’ during normal operation as vessels heat up and cool down, drawing in the external atmosphere through non gas tight fittings. If the atmosphere contains halides this can leave any stainless steel susceptible to Chloride Stress Corrosion Cracking (CISCC).

Race Towards a New Temperature Definition - Scientists at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) have performed the most accurate measurement yet of the Boltzmann constant, which states how much energy at the individual particle level corresponds to each degree of temperature. This measurement could revolutionise the way we define temperature, replacing the standard method that has been used for over 50 years  

Industrial Temperature Measurement Engineer's Guide – This 420 page guide from Emerson Process Management is excellent. From the basics to engineering design and white papers it is very comprehensive. You will have to register to get it but it is worth the effort!

Valve Actuators

JUST HAVE A LOOK AT THIS PAGE! A huge repository of information on Actuators including Compact Actuator Solutions and Systems, Subsea Valve Actuator Applications, Offshore Valve Actuator Applications, Safety Related Systems Valve Actuator Systems, Spring Return Hydraulic Actuators, Spring Return Pneumatic Actuators, Compact Double Block & Bleed (DBB) Valve Actuators, Double Acting Actuator, Valve Actuator General Information, Scotch Yoke Design Valve Actuators, Firesafe Actuators, Hydraulic Actuator Design and Operation, Electrical Actuator Design and Operation, Control Valve Actuator Design and Operation and Valve Actuator Accessories. Check out our sponsor Prochem who have these solutions.


ICEwebs Valveweb page has been completely reworked to help you get to your required information quickly and efficiently.

Variable Speed Drives

Check out ICEweb's Variable Speed Drives Page. We are looking for more technical papers on these and other Electrical subjects.

Manufacturing and Automation Safety

See ICEweb's comprehensive page which covers a huge volume of super information on this subject!

Useful Free Software and Tools for Engineers

Software and Tools that will help with engineering design. Really excellent free tools to help you in your job and at home can be found on ICEweb’s “Tools” page.

Tank Volume Calculator – This App can be used to determine the volume of almost any vertical tank, based on varying parameters.  While the tank volume calculator is invaluable when sizing a mixer for a tank or specifying a tank for a particular volume, it can also be helpful on the processing floor in determining how much to fill a vessel to get a specific volume for a particular batch or formulation. Similarly finished batch volume can be worked out using the tank volume calculator. There are also Bonus Tools - Since many engineers and operations personnel work in a global environment switching between metric and U.S. measurements, the conversion tool app is a handy reference for just about any process environment. Initially designed as a quick tank volume calculator for use in place of a slide rule, the new Silverson Conversion Tools app also offers users eight additional conversion applications, ranging from motor power to weight. Along with the conversion tools, the app lets users Email or Share tank volume calculation results with colleagues and includes a browser for viewing the Silverson website and product lines. Today the Silverson Conversion Tools app is available on the iOS platform for iPhones, iPads, etc. Watch later this summer for the release of an Android-based version. Download the app or if you prefer, go to the Apple App Store and search under “Silverson” or “Silverson Conversion Tools.”

Instrument Signal Conditioners, Signal Concentrators, Transmitters, Transducers, Isolators and Converters

This brand new page covers technical aspects of all the above devices! The signal problem solver from Moore Industries is very useful, have a look at it along with many other useful links here.

Instrumentation Technology - Techweb - Thanks to our sponsor Docboss this page has been extensively upgraded.

A Gateway to a huge amount of Instrumentation Technology Information.


News and technical links to Industrial Instrumentation Wireless items of interest

Wireless World Record: Researchers Transfer Data at 100Gbps through the Air - Researchers at Germany's Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, have set a new world record for wireless data transmission. They've managed to hit 100 gigabits per second while transmitting data over 20 meters, using a frequency of 237.5 GHz. A previous effort by the same group reached 40 Gbps over 1 kilometer – from PC World.

WirelessHART Extends Your Reach: The Easy Way to add New Instrumentation - Douglas Carlson – A discussion on the benefits and considerations of deploying WirelessHART device networks and advice on how to minimise growing pains when installing new field sensors and actuators. Any plant expansion will generally require an increase in I/O count. This seems straightforward enough, but in practice it soon runs into limitations. I/O cabinets have finite capacity, for one thing, and I/O is expensive. This leaves the plant engineer with several choices – continue to add I/O points to the existing system until all the spares have been used up, add additional I/O cabinets, or increase capacity by adding WirelessHART capability. This article shows that the third alternative can be the fastest and most economical approach to increasing plant I/O counts. Wireless I/O systems have two major advantages over wired I/O: They save money and they save time. But choosing one will require answering some questions - from the excellent Control Engineering Europe.

ICEtime - Seminars, Tradeshows, Conferences and Events of interest to our readership.

If you would like to have your event listed in ICEtime, please send a note or press release to ICEnews.

Take a look at ISA's comprehensive calendar of Automation events



12-14 Principles & Practice of Flow Measurement Training Course - East Kilbride - UK

19 Oil-in-Produced Water Measurement Training Course - Kuala Lumpur - Malaysia

19 Measurement Uncertainty Training Course Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

20 -21 Produced Water - Best Management Practices Conference - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


3 Ultrasonic Flow Measurement Theory and Practical Training Course – Aberdeen UK

4 Oil and Gas Focus Group Meeting – Aberdeen, UK

5 Introduction to Measurement Uncertainty Training Course – Aberdeen - UK



22 -23 Natural Gas Sampling Technology Conference - Sheraton New Orleans Hotel - New Orleans USA

ICEsponsor¾ Newsletter Sponsor Recognition

The following companies have kindly contributed to the creation and sharing of this information by offsetting the costs associated with its production and distribution.


The Honeywell Analytics group of companies provides gas detection solutions in industries where potentially hazardous chemicals and gases exist. A full range of fixed gas, portable gas and flame detection equipment is available for the measurement of flammable gases, toxic gases and oxygen concentrations. The company provides design, development and manufacture of electrochemical, catalytic and infrared sensors, along with Chemcassette technology, placing the company at the forefront of innovation. The company offers solutions to increasingly difficult gas detection and monitoring applications.
They also offer project management for specialized fire and gas systems, a global network of service centres and 24-hour on-line technical support.

For more information go to


Prochem is Australia’s leading supplier of quality stainless steel piping and mechanical instrumentation products. They are agents for a huge range of instrumentation products including Hoke Gyrolok, Hoke Instrumentation Valves, Circor Tech Products, Go Regulators, Circle seal, Atkomatic Solenoid Valves, Classic Filters, Manual Sample Systems, King Instrument Company , Hoke Pipe Fittings , Anderson Greenwood Instrument Valves , Anderson Greenwood Primary Isolation Valves , Pacson Valves and ATC Actuators, BSM Valves, O'Brien Tracepak and O'Brien Analytical, BuTech , Stainless Steel Tube, Saddles and Leak Check , Teflon Lined Braided Hoses.

AVEVA Instrumentation; instrument and systems engineering, design, documentation and management for the entire plant lifecycle.

AVEVA Instrumentation provides a comprehensive, powerful and intuitive suite of software tools which support the entire lifecycle of a plant’s instrumentation and control systems. Engineers and plant designers will find their work easier and more productive, thanks to its extensive catalogue- and rules-based functions and unique features such as graphical ‘drag and drop’ design. Plant operators will appreciate a dedicated, affordable solution which makes handover and commissioning more efficient and which goes on to save time and cost throughout the continuing processes of maintenance, modification and upgrade.

Customer evaluations have consistently reported substantial gains in productivity compared with rival products. To see why, visit for product information. To see AVEVA Instrumentation in action, visit for details of AVEVA roadshows and events near you, or contact your nearest AVEVA sales office to arrange a demonstration on your premises.

Whilst every effort is made to ensure technical accuracy of the information supplied by, ICEnews, Keyfleet Pty Ltd and its employees accept no liability for any loss or damage caused by error or omission from the data supplied. Users should make and rely on their own independent inquiries. By accessing the site, and reading this newsletter users accept this condition. Should you note any error/omission or an article offends please do not ignore it, contact the editors and we will review, rectify and remove as necessary.

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