ICEnews                                                                                  February 2012

All "that's cool" in Instrumentation and Control Engineering - "It's Purely Technical" - For Engineers by Engineers!

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Welcome to the New Look "It's Purely Technical" February 2012 issue of ICEnews, the Instrumentation, and Control Engineering news source.  ICEnews is a compendium of useful information which we endeavour to issue quarterly.

We want to make this newsletter a source of information that YOU can use in YOUR job, while also keeping you informed on what is happening in our industry both directly and indirectly.  We welcome your Press Releases, information, AND any technical articles you may have that could be appropriate for this newsletter or our web site. If you have something you would like to contribute, please send it to ICEnews.

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ICEart - Technical articles related to instrumentation and control (Just "click" on the Hyperlink for the full article or paper)

Spectris to Acquire Omega Engineering - Spectris will acquire Omega Engineering. Omega is a leading supplier of process measurement and control instrumentation across a broad range of categories, including automation, wireless, test and measurement, process control, power monitoring, environmental and lab equipment

Proactive Versus Reactive Standards for Nuclear Plant Design - Jeremy Shook and Mark Burzynski - Today, the U.S. nuclear industry is in the process of designing and licensing a new generation of nuclear power plants with modern, digital instrumentation and control (I&C) safety systems. These systems are being licensed against standards historically based on analogue technology. At the same time, other process industries have adopted a newer set of standards for the design of safety instrumented systems (SIS) that reflect advances in I&C technology. While the nuclear industry has struggled in this area, the general process industry has been able to develop and implement standards for safety I&C systems that use various types of digital technology - from the ISA and InTech

Communications Empowerment Drives Change - Andrew Finch - In today’s engineering and plant management environment we are witnessing massive change in the way we do things and communication is at the very heart of these modifications - from ICEweb sponsor Weidmüller and the excellent publication

McCrometer Acquires Automata, Inc., and Forms New Business Unit: McCrometer Connect - Providing Advanced Irrigation Automation Solutions - McCrometer have announced the purchase of substantially all of the assets of Automata Inc., based in Nevada City, CA, a leader in satellite and radio telemetry, software and sensors for agricultural and rural water. Combined with the earlier acquisition of Adcon Telemetry, McCrometer also has established a new business unit, McCrometer Connect™. This new business unit will focus on developing and selling complete wireless solutions for agriculture and rural water management applications.

ISA Announces New Building Automation Systems Division - The International Society of Automation (ISA) has announced the formation of a new Technical Division, the Building Automation Systems Division. The new technical division will launch January 2012. The Building Automation Systems Division was organized for building automation professionals who design, build, install, troubleshoot, operate and manage building automation systems, and who seek to adhere to best practices to ensure optimum system operation and performance. The division was formed to aid these professionals as they apply available standards and technology to building control systems.

Emerson Process Management have introduced EDS Mobile, one of the power generation industry’s first native applications for users of Apple’s iPhone and iPad devices. Built using the Apple operating system, EDS Mobile technology utilizes standard Apple input gestures such as swipe, tap, drag, zoom and automatic screen orientation. “We surveyed our power generation customers and many told us they have adopted smartphone technology not only for personal use, but also in their professional lives,” said Bob Yeager, president of Emerson Process Management Power & Water Solutions. “We immediately recognised the opportunity to give our customers more flexibility in how they manage operations by offering our EDS technology on a mobile platform.” EDS Mobile is an extension of Emerson’s proven EDS technology, which provides remote users with a high-fidelity representation of what the operator sees in the control room. More specifically, EDS gathers information from control systems at a single unit or fleet of units, as well as from other enterprise systems, into one place, presenting near real-time data such as read-only process diagrams, alarm lists and trends. Historical data can also be accessed through this remote visualisation tool.

The "Smart Refinery" - “Smart” technologies have been around the refining industry for a couple of decades. In fact, process automation, control and monitoring technologies get smarter every year. But are they actually improving your business? Are they helping you address the impending workforce crisis we are all facing? Are they helping provide you with the flexibility to change your production strategies to deal with varying crude states? Are they giving you the confidence to run your refinery at your rated capacities while ensuring safe operating conditions, which are non-negotiable? Emerson Process Management have combined their experience with leading refiners with the knowledge and perspective of their leading technology and applications specialists to stimulate insights and ideas for bringing predictability into your operation. These are not blue-sky ideas. They are down-to-earth and practical, yet advanced ideas for harnessing the power of technology to enable your staff to be their most effective and efficient. We call it the “Smart Refinery.” This brief guide aspires to provide insight into how you can harness these new technologies to gain value from improving your plant’s operation.

  ICEbooks – Useful Books, Software and New Releases related to Instrumentation and Control

Need Some Technical “know-how”? ICEweb has a page which details a selection of excellent Instrumentation, Automation, Control, Electrical, Electronic and Information Technology books from IDC Technologies. These can be purchased from ICEweb . Also detailed are other links to more useful references.

What’s in your pocket? Why not fill your pocket with an IDC pocket guide. Their six Engineering Pocket Guides are bursting with over 500 pages of valuable information.  The six titles include: Instrumentation, Electrical Engineering, Data Communications, Formulae and Conversions, Electronic Engineering and Industrial Automation. Whether you are interested in just the one title or if you need the whole set send an email to .

Advanced PID Control - Karl J. Ǻström , Tore Hägglund - The authors of the best-selling book PID Controllers: Theory, Design, and Tuning once again combine their extensive knowledge in the PID arena to bring you an in-depth look at the world of PID control. A new book, Advanced PID Control builds on the basics learned in PID Controllers but augments it through use of advanced control techniques.

A Guide to the Automation Body of Knowledge, 2nd Edition has been updated and additional topics added covering custom software, control equipment structure, and continuous emissions monitoring systems to better provide the reader with comprehensive information about all major topics in the broad field of automation.

Safety Instrumented Systems: Design, Analysis, and Justification 2nd Edition - Paul Gruhn and Harry L. Cheddie - This revised best-seller is ideal for instrumentation and control system engineers in the process industries who are responsible for designing, installing, and maintaining safety instrumented systems. Engineers, managers, technicians, and sales professionals employed by end users, engineering firms, systems integrators, and consultants can all benefit from the material presented here. Safety Instrumented Systems: Design, Analysis, and Justification, 2nd Edition addresses the increased realization that today’s engineering systems—and the computers used to control them—are capable of large-scale destruction. When even a single accident could be disastrous, the luxury of learning from experience no longer exists. This book is a practical how-to text on the analysis, design, application and installation of safety instrumented systems.

Instrumentation and Control Systems Documentation, Second Edition - Frederick A. Meier and Clifford A. Meier - This second edition revises and updates the award-winning 2004 publication, incorporating improvements suggested by readers and to reflect subsequent changes in industry practice. It provides the knowledge needed to understand and develop the documents and symbols that define a modern industrial measurement and control system. In addition, it uses industry standards, especially ANSI/ISA-5.1-2009 - Instrumentation Symbols and Identification, to define and describe the symbol based “language” that identifies measurement and control devices. The control systems documentation addressed within includes process flow diagrams, piping and instrumentation diagrams, instrument indexes and data bases, specification forms, logic diagrams, loop diagrams, installation details and location plans

ISA adds eBooks to its Technical Resources Library  - The International Society of Automation (ISA) has announced the availability of eBooks. EBooks will be available for sale on, Amazon, iBooks, Barnes & Noble and several other eRetail stores.

ICEbus - Information on any of the 26 different bus systems in use in the area of Instrumentation and Control.

FDI Cooperation, LLC: A New Company for a Single Common Integration Technology is Founded -

Industrial Wireless – Industrial Ethernet – Fibre Optics – SCADA - Routers & Switches - Modbus Protocols - TCP/IP - Radio Telemetry – DNP3 – Remote Monitoring.
IDC Technologies have selected an outstanding line-up of speakers for the Industrial Data Comms Forum.  All of our speakers will be using practical case studies to illustrate their real life experiences with industrial data comms technology. 
To download the forum brochure and registration form please click here

Fieldbus Foundation Unveils FOUNDATION For Remote Operations Management - Technology initiative promises to transform the industrial remote operations market - The Fieldbus Foundation has unveiled its Foundation for Remote Operations Management (ROM) solution. The Fieldbus Foundation's Foundation for ROM initiative is intended to develop a unified digital infrastructure for asset management in remote applications ranging from tank farms and terminals to pipelines, offshore platforms, and even original equipment manufacturer (OEM) skids. The technology enables fieldbus connectivity to remote I/O and the leading industrial wireless protocols, including WirelessHART® and ISA 100.11a. It provides an interface to these wireless technologies and uses Electronic Device Description Language (EDDL) and function blocks to ensure interoperability with Foundation for ROM devices.

Fieldbus Justification Goes Beyond Total Cost of Ownership - Larry O'Brien - Fieldbus, as a digital replacement for 4-20 mA analog communications, is a simple concept, but it is significantly changing the way that users look at their processes and is providing a flood of information from the field about both the devices and their associated processes. Users should approach the process of choosing, implementing and using fieldbus in a way that will achieve successful and superior performance, reduced costs and operational excellence in the context of the enterprise’s business goals.

Enhanced Foundation Fieldbus Physical Layer Diagnostics with the DeltaV System - Of the issues preventing proper operation of FOUNDATION fieldbus (Ff) segments, the leading causes have consistently been related to the fieldbus physical layer. For instance, problems with the segment occur if one of the terminators is not installed, the voltage level on the segment is not correct, the cable is improperly wired, noise is introduced on the wires, and the list goes on. These physical layer problems often can be corrected with relatively little effort, once the root cause is determined. Without the availability of good tools for collecting and analysing the Ff segment’s physical layer diagnostics, considerable time can be spent chasing the cause of the problem. However, end-users may perceive these potential network infrastructure problems and the need for a network diagnostic tool as complications of using fieldbus versus 4-20 mA signals. Therefore, any diagnostic tool must be easy to use and have the ability to eliminate the user’s concerns with physical layer installation and operation. Several 3rd-party manufacturers offer diagnostic tools for identifying problems with the FOUNDATION fieldbus physical layer. This whitepaper focuses on three such solutions from Pepperl+Fuchs, an Emerson Process Management Alliance Program member company.

Answers to your Questions about Implementing Fieldbus in DeltaV Systems - Questions often arise when implementing Fieldbus in DeltaV systems, such as “What is the meaning of a particular term”? “How does it apply to DeltaV systems”? “How do I calculate the Macrocycle”? and many more questions. This paper provides answers to common questions, using a question and answer format.

Improving Quality with Digital Plant Architecture - The major source of quality problems in plants, mills, and refineries is process variability. PlantWeb digital plant architecture’s predictive intelligence helps you detect and correct potential problems before they can increase variability. As a result, you can keep instruments and other equipment performing at their best, improve control, and sustain the resulting gains – so you can reduce variability and shift set points for higher-quality output.  

Foundation Fieldbus, Fourth Edition - Ian Verhappen and Augusto Pereira - Available 29th February

The fourth edition of Foundation Fieldbus significantly expands the subject matter of the earlier editions of this popular book not only to help you stay current with this evolving technology but to also enhance your understanding of Fieldbus. This edition provides in-depth coverage on Fieldbus communications and configuration, including calculation of macrocycle for Control-In-Field and in the Host system and how the different forms of communication on the H1 network work with each other to make Control-In-Field possible, including the use of these different methods to optimize network bandwidth.

Part of the field network evolutionary process includes a need to understand better how the changes in Electronic Device Description Language (EDDL), Field Device Tool (FDT), and Field Device Integration (FDI) will affect the way Fieldbus and other networks work together with asset management systems of the future, and your interaction with field devices.

More comprehensive step-by-step procedures are discussed for each stage of a typical FF installation: Inspection and electric commissioning to ensure cable integrity, H1 Network commissioning, configuration, and communications tests in the segments and the spurs. Several new photographs and explanations help emphasize the proper installation procedures so you can quickly identify and prevent potential problems when installing Fieldbus systems.

The contents of the entire book are then put to use with a full sample network design. The example is based on a typical simplified distillation tower and includes sample calculations/documentation-based.

The fourth edition explains Foundation Fieldbus in a convenient, easy-to-understand way, regardless of your level of experience; a novice wanting to learn what FF is all about or an experienced user looking for a few more tips and a single handy reference.

ICEed - Educational links associated with Instrumentation, Control and Fire & Gas

E-learning * Training * Consulting

Abhisam Software is a leader in technical training. Innovative e-learning courses help technical professionals like you to stay on top of the learning curve. Their e-learning courses, technical training workshops and onsite training activities span areas in Instrumentation, Automation & Control Systems, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology and  Process Plant Safety. These e-learning courses and traditional training courses increase the skill levels of employees in companies and other organizations. Their Instrumentation training courses, meet all your Instrumentation training needs, whether for Instrument technician training, industrial instrumentation training or control systems engineer training. Current training courses include Hazardous Area Instrumentation, an ebook on Hazardous Area Classification, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Gas Monitors, Safety Instrumented Systems and an ebook on Variable Frequency Drives. Just Arrived! HAZOP (Hazard and Operability Study) e-learning course with CERTIFICATION of COMPETENCY.

Abhisam's upcoming courses on Plant and Process Safety includes VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) and H2S Awareness, other courses and ebooks in the pipeline which will be launched soon are courses and ebooks on Fieldbus Technology, Level Instrumentation and Electrical Schematics. See the complete range of courses here. Abhisam now also offer a certification for each course, if the learner takes an online test and scores the passing grade. There is no additional charge for this. It is an excellent idea if somebody wants to have a "proof" of having taken training and acquired a new competency. All the current courses have free download demos of the first module.

Did you know that Abhisam also conduct workshops and on site training courses worldwide? Traditional Classroom style workshops can be offered to companies and other groups of individuals. Abhisam also have some regularly held workshops in areas of Safety Instrumented Systems and Hazardous Area Instrumentation. These workshops are offered in select cities from time to time. They can be completely customized and offered to companies, other organizations or a group of individuals in almost any location. Popular topics include;
- Hazardous Area Instrumentation
- Safety Instrumented Systems
- Gas Detection & Monitoring Systems
- Fieldbus
- Basics of Instrumentation
- Instrumentation for Chemical & Process Engineers
- Variable Frequency Drives
- Process Analyzers
- Smart Instrumentation
- Terminal Automation Systems
- Introduction to ISA S88 Batch Process Control
- Power Plant Chemistry
- Steam and Water Analysis (SWAS) systems

Training Has A Half-Life - Sam McNair - Like radioisotopes, training decays over time. As a consultant to industry, I like to remind my clients of this important fact: When planning for their operations, they need to remember that training has a “half-life.” The length of this half-life: a mere two to three years.

Free Training Schedule for PROFIBUS and PROFINET in 2012 - Twenty one free training classes are scheduled for 2012. There are two different curricula: PROFIBUS and PROFINET. Specific dates and venues are selected at least 30 days prior to the class.

Free Courses! - The Engineering Institute of Technology, in conjunction with IDC Technologies will be running regular hour workshops covering basics, troubleshooting, new developments and much more including;
- Using Alarms to Improve Process Operation and Achieve Business Objectives and KPI's - 8th Feb
- Troubleshooting Conveyors and Chutes -22 February
Troubleshooting Tips: Data Comms, Networking and TCP/IP - 7 March
- How Gaming Technology is Changing the Way We Work -15 March
- Essentials of Arc Flash Protection - 21 March
- Instrumentation and Process Control for Plant Operators and other Non-Instrument Personnel - 4 April
- Functional Safety for Managers - 18 April
- Electrical Design for Non-Electrical Engineers - 2 May
- Downloads of slides from past technical courses

Call for Papers - If you have an upcoming conference and are calling for papers please contact us.

Industrial Data Communications Forum - Brisbane - March 21st & 22nd 2012 - Industrial Wireless – Industrial Ethernet – Fibre Optics – 3G – 4G - Routers & Switches - Modbus Protocols - TCP/IP - Radio Telemetry – DNP3 – Remote Monitoring. Are you a professional working in the area of industrial data communications in the mining, oil & gas, industry and utilities? We are looking for presenters to submit an abstract and present their papers at the upcoming Industrial Data Communications Forum in Brisbane. Click here to view the Call for Papers .

Hazardous Areas Conference - Manufacturing, Mining, Processing and Utilities - Brisbane, Australia - 26th, 27th & 28th June 2012 - Are you involved in designing or applying electrical equipment for service in hazardous areas?  IDC are looking for a number of speakers to present papers at this important industry event.  Register your interest today!

30th International North Sea Flow Measurement Workshop -  submissions are now being accepted from operators, regulators, engineering contractors, services companies and research organisations for presentation at the 30th NSFMW. Further details, including preferred abstract topics, can be found by clicking on the above link - Abstract Deadline 2 April 2012.

Energy and Low Carbon Conference
- This Energy and Low Carbon Conference is a collaborative initiative bringing you the best in measurement research and application in the UK. Metrology includes all theoretical and practical aspects of measurement. Measurement underpins all technology and is critical to any industry’s future - Abstract deadline 30 March 2012.



IDC have a range of E-Learning courses Covering  Data Communications,   Electrical Engineering, Electronics EngineeringInstrumentation, Mechanical Engineering and Project Management

Training and Workshop Schedules

IDC have a huge range of workshops and training courses in Australia and USA.

ICElinks - Electronic Instrumentation Newsletters and links of Potential Interest to our readers.

A really great website for the latest news is the Read-Out Instrumentation Signpost.

Control Engineering have a great range of newsletters covering;

Are you into Hydraulics? Brendon Casey's Inside Hydraulics Newsletter contains loads of technical tips and money saving techniques.

Automation World offers some electronic newsletters of interest including;

The Flow Control Network has a excellent newsletter for flow "buffs".

Jim Pinto's Website has lots of great content pertaining to Automation..

ICEnew — Great new Technical Links posted on ICEweb.

ICEweb has developed the following pages thanks to our sponsor Prochem Pipeline Products;
Heat Tracing and Bundles - Heat Tracing, Bundles, Heated Hose, General theory, Applications and more!
Instrument Valves, Accessories, Enclosures, Sunshades and Supports 
Pressure Regulators - General Theory, Technical Papers, Maintenance, Applications and more.
Samplers - On-Line Samplers Liquid Samplers, Gas Samplers, Solids Samplers, Applications and more
Monoflanges, Instrument Manifolds - Technical Data, Specifications, Application Data, Installation, Operation, Maintenance and more.

Just click on the title header to go to ICEweb's super pages on each of the following subjects.


ICEwebs Analyser pages cover many types of analysers plus their associated sample systems.

Optimising the Operation of Legacy Online Gas Chromatographs by Retrofitting Controllers - Gas chromatographs (GCs) are frequently used in pipelines for custody transfer measurement of the energy content in natural gas. Accuracy is determined by calibration-gas quality and how well the technician is able to diagnose and troubleshoot the operation of the GC over long periods of time. A general trend in industry away from specialization has made it difficult for technicians to reach a high competency level in any one area. Chromatography is a difficult field to master on a part-time basis. Advanced software tools are available to assist and train the technician in how to look beyond the basic functions and fully optimise GC operations. Training is enhanced and accuracy can be improved substantially on legacy-model gas chromatographs. Properly utilized, the potential exists to improve accuracy and extend equipment life.

Michell's New Moisture and Humidity Calculator offers Extended Range of Calculations - Michell Instruments have produced a new humidity calculation slide chart. Updated to include new measurement parameters, the slide chart allows for easy calculations and conversions between units of moisture content in parts per million (ppm), dew point, relative humidity and moisture in liquid.

The Source and Risks of Mercury in the Offshore Industry - Almost all oil and gas is found within the tiny spaces in sedimentary rocks, mainly sandstone and coarse-grained limestone. Bedrock limestone and sandstone, even though hard, also contain lots of pores that can contain water or oil or gas and other elements. Along with the gas and oil is a mixture of sand, silt & mud. This sludgy silt mud is rich in heavier metal elements including Uranium and Mercury. Even the heavy Uranium can be suspended in the product as it is drawn from the well. However because mercury exists naturally in vapour form it is readily drawn along with the gas product. Where these contaminants end up in the plant depends on many factors. Mercury as suspended vapour in the product will act in the same way as many other oil and gas products. During fractional distillation temperature and pressure changes allow vapours to condense into selected by-products. Mercury is very hazardous, thus a Mercury Analyser is well worth consideration - from Able Instruments.

For those of you that do not need a caffeine "hit" - Monitoring Real-Time Caffeine Level in Coffee Decaffeination - While it may mystify those of us that need strong coffee to get through the workday, some people actually drink decaf (decaffeinated coffee), whether for health reasons (high blood pressure, hypertension, sleep difficulties), pregnancy cautions, or personal preference. In lieu of more firm legal standards, decaf is supposed to have its caffeine content reduced by no less than 97.5% of the source coffee (USDA guideline). Accurate validation of the caffeine levels in decaffeinated coffee bean batches would reduce sensitive consumers' health risks by preventing the wildly inconsistent caffeine levels among available "decaf" blends (as documented by the Journal of Analytical Toxicology1). Moreover, producers can use real-time caffeine monitoring to conclude the decaffeination cycle as soon as the specified caffeine threshold is achieved, thus wasting no more caffeine solvent or production time than absolutely necessary. An online analysis solution would provide continuous, live caffeine measurement in an automated fashion. The High-Performance Liquid Chromatography currently used in some caffeine applications is quite costly to own and maintain while delivering slow response - from Applied Analytics Inc.

The following papers are from Daniel 
Analysis of Pipeline-Quality Gas using a C9: Application (Five-Minute Analysis) - On-line chromatographs provide custody-transfer measurement of energy content in natural gas. To determine this heating value component, first we must determine component concentrations. In a standard C6+ application, this analysis is performed using two valves in a single oven (12-minute analysis time) or three valves in a single oven (four-minute analysis time). To perform this analysis to C9+, five valves are used in two different ovens (five-minute analysis time). The results from both detectors are combined in post-analysis calculations and reported together.
Analysis of Pipeline-Quality Gas using a C6+ with Trace H2S Application -Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is a component that is often present in natural gas. There are many reasons for wanting to measure it. One of the most important reasons is that H2S is a highly toxic gas that can be deadly if breathed into the lungs. This gas is also corrosive to the pipeline. H2S mixed with H2O forms hydrosulfuric acid, which can cause pipeline metals to become brittle. Contractual obligation may require scrubbing or limiting of the H2S in natural gas before it is sold. Each pipeline company has its own acceptable limits of how much H2S can be present.

The Following are from Emerson Process Management
Choice of Gas Chromatograph Ovens and Shelters Impacts Cost of Ownership - Michael Gaura - When industry professionals scope out a new capital analyser project, they spend time and effort evaluating the equipment to be used. In the case of gas chromatographs (GC), key capital expenses – the oven associated with the GC and the shelter that houses it – may not be considered in the final decision, often because managers do not realize they have a choice. In fact, these decisions can have a huge impact on the cost of ownership of the analysis equipment, with the potential to significantly reduce costs at initial installation, in operation and maintenance and in the execution of change orders.
The Fundamentals Of Pipeline Gas Chromatographs - Shane Hale - Gas chromatographs (GCs) are installed all over natural gas pipeline networks, providing an analysis of the flowing gas and calculating the physical properties used for the flow calculations and for custody transfer. However, a clear understanding of just how the GC works and the considerations that need to be made for the installation and operation of the GC are often lacking in the industry. This article discusses the major components of the GC and provides an understanding of the theory and practice of gas chromatography in the pipeline industry.
Perfecting Liquefied Natural Gas Analysis Techniques and Methods - S.Hale - Following these procedures will improve measurement accuracy and reliability.

Analyser Sample Systems

Thanks to our new sponsor  Haldatec ICEweb's Analyser Sample Systems  page has been extensively upgraded with the addition of a swag of 38 new technical papers - so if you need more information on this subject just go to this page for fantastic technical information.

Burner Management Systems

ICEweb's Burner Management System page has around 70 fantastic technical links , many which are new, to assist you if you work in this area.

Thanks to our sponsor Invensys Triconex ICEweb's Burner Management page has been extensively upgraded with the addition of 8 technical papers and  - new sections, so if you need more information on BMS just go to this page for fantastic technical information.


Loads of links to cable information can be found on this page.

Choke Valves  

ICEweb's Choke Valve page has links to some fantastic technical information. This includes Choke Valve General Information, Choke Valve Design Specification, Choke Valve Maintenance and Inspection, Common Choke Valve Problems and Solutions , Choke  Papers and Applications, Subsea Choke Valves, Choke Control Systems and some great links to technical papers.

Control Valves

A Control Valve Repository which has heaps of great, useful technical information. Fantastic links covering Diagnostic Tools for Control Valves, Valve Sizing, Control Valve Handbooks, Self Operated Regulators, Control Valve Noise Calculation and Prediction, , Positioners, Selection and Application, Maintenance and a mass of other really useful Links  to Articles on Control Valves. 

Thanks to Samson Controls the Control Valve page has been significantly upgraded with the following links being added. ICEweb's Control Valve page must be just about the World's No1 site for technical information!

Control Valves for Pump Protection (Recirculation) Service - E.W.Singleton - This paper discusses the essential procedures involved in the application of control valves for the protection of pumps operating at low flow conditions. Automatic Recirculating Valves (ARC Valves), although they do not fall into the category of control valves, do play an important role in pump protection, so a reference to these is also included - from Koso Kent Introl and Valve World.

Cryogenic Valve Technology - The valve that came out of the cold - Do you get the shivers everytime you have to select a valve for cold box applications? Cool down... with SAMSON's Type 3248 Cryogenic Valve, temperatures down to -320 °F (-196 °C) will be covered. With an extended isolating section, the actuation and accessories are protected from catching a cold.

Control Valves for Critical Applications - Know the Causes of Cavitation and Flashing and How to Prevent Them - J. Kiesbauer - In refineries, the process media flowing through valves are primarily liquids. With liquids, critical operating conditions caused by cavitation or flashing may occur. Symptoms are, for instance, increased noise emission, valve and pipe component erosion or low-frequency mechanical vibration in the valve and the connected pipeline. Under these conditions, in particular, neglecting details can result in negative influences on plant performance and costs of ownership. Unfortunately, common practice today is to select control valves in a “quick and dirty” fashion, because the phases of planning, bidding and order processing are connected with significant pressures of cost and time. This article presents the basic principles underlying these problems and shows how to eliminate them based on practical examples from refineries. Moreover, a new throttling element is introduced, that is especially suited to reducing noise emission produced by cavitation. This new throttling element is being implemented in refineries with increasing success.

Fugitive Emissions and Control Valves - This paper describes the history of the development of the fugitive emissions requests, the standards committees and manufactures reactions to them. How do these standards differ? How do they compare? The paper also describes the approach and issues a control valves manufacturer has to deal with to meet the various requirements on fugitive emissions. It is recognised also that control valves by their function of continuous movement have more tendency to wear out than on/off valves and are therefore more easily subject to packing leakage - from

Fugitive Emissions Philosophies for Control Valves -Holger Siemers - It is interesting to compare the use of the bellows seal design versus low emission packing material. The bellows seal design seems to have been forgotten in international discussions and published papers, but it is still unbeatable as regards its life cycle and 'quality of tightness'. In the 'world of valves' under the requirements of fugitive emissions approximately 5% are control valves - thanks to SA Instrumentation and Control

Bellows Sealed Valve Technology - Maintenance-free, hysteresis-free bellows seals guarantee zero leakage over the entire service life of the control valve. With Samson's environmentally friendly bellows seals, you are always on the safe side and plant downtime required to replace the valve packing is a thing of the past.

Control Valve Design Aspects for Critical Applications in Petrochemical Plants - Holger Siemers - With three decades of experience in demanding applications, Mr Siemers has a deep appreciation of developments and trends in sizing control valves. In this paper, he reviews the past, present and future of valve design and sizing, taking all-important issues such as increasing cost pressure and time pressure into account. This paper is presented in two parts: firstly, how to use manufacturer independent software to analyse given or calculated plant parameters in more detail from an overall point of view with a complete power check and optimising possibilities. Some case studies are also discussed. The second section, scheduled for a future issue, includes information on to design, size and use severe service control valves with good performance for long maintenance intervals. Different philosophies of valve design (plug design), pressure balance systems, stem sealing, actuator sizing, cost philosophies for" high end" applications are discussed. The paper covers:
Accurate sizing & software tools
Energy saving by plant and valve optimisation
Debottlenecking: Can the old valve do the new job ?
Predictable troubles with control valve sizing in case of sub-critical flow conditions and in case of flashing.
Control valve failures & troubleshooting.
The hidden valve enemy: Critical outlet velocities need to take priority.
Fugitive emissions philosophies for control valves.
Actuator sizing philosophies.
Control valve design and cost philosophies for "high end" applications.

Control Valve Exit Noise and its use to Determine Minimum Acceptable Valve Size - Alan H. Glenn - This paper describes general aerodynamic noise generation and prediction and, in more detail, the IEC 60534-8-3 exit noise prediction. It will describe noise generation inside the valve and at its exit, its propagation down the pipeline, and its transmission through the pipe wall and into the outside environment. Several sample cases are included. A simple computer program that could be used to facilitate the calculation of the control valve exit noise for control valves is also briefly explained - from Flowserve and Valve World.

Control Systems

Covering vast array of technical subjects on Control Systems such as Advanced Process Control, Alarm Management, Batch Control, Cascade Control, Compressor Surge Control, Control Room Design, Control Forums, Fuzzy Logic, Decentralised Control,  Pneumatic Controllers,  Process Sequence Control Documentation Standards, Programmable Automation Controllers, Loop Tuning and much more.

ICEweb Advertising - Did you realise that there are over 500 pages on ICEweb!!  As an ICEnews 2012 "special" we are offering a 50% discount on standard prices for unsponsored pages for the first year

Sponsorship of many GREAT pages are available to advertisers. 

Page exclusive sponsorship for a year with your logo in a prominent position.

All technical information will have live links to your company.

 ICEweb will search for suitable technical information from your website and include this in a priority position on the page.

To sponsor/advertise in  ICEweb, please contact Jim Russell, ICEweb Director.  

Why is Good Control Important? - Dick Caro - It takes a lot of effort to attain “good control.” Certainly, loop tuning is taught at ISA, but few control/instrument engineers actually practice loop tuning. Most of the distributed control systems (DCSs) have some type of automated loop tuning, and suppliers provide loop tuning software that can be added to any system, including programmable logic controllers (PLCs). Some processes, however, make it almost impossible to achieve optimal loop tuning. Understanding ways to improve control makes engineers more valuable to their company and improves operations - from the ISA and InTech.

Intelligent Control Room Management For Oil And Gas Pipeline Safety - Paul Thoman - This article discusses how intelligent control room management, based on a foundation of electronic standard operating procedures (eSOPs), can address the regulations, document the necessary actions for compliance validation, and drive operational excellence-from


Need to know about a corrosion issue? You are likely to find an answer in these pages.

Standard Must Change to Avoid Equipment Corrosion - Chris Muller and Grant Crosley - Since industry began replacing pneumatic and hydraulic controls with computer control systems, the attack from corrosive gaseous contaminants present in many operating environments has challenged the reliability of these electronic and electrical devices. Since the European Union directive 2002/95/EC has mandated the restriction of the use of hazardous substances (RoHS), research has shown producing printed circuit boards with lead-free material could lead to products that are more susceptible to corrosion than their tin/lead counterparts - from ISA and InTech.

Corrosion Data Tables - This is a good table detailing materials against media, concentration and temperature - from OSECO

Corrosion Resistance of Electric Wire Terminals Used in Harsh Industrial Environments - Industry reports indicate that 50 to 60 percent of electrical downtime has been traced to open or intermittent connections.1 Harsh industrial environments increase the risk of corrosion and chemical attack on metals used in wire terminal connections, potentially affecting electrical reliability. Engineers designing industrial control products must apply sound judgment in material selection and wire clamp design along with rigorous test methods to ensure reliable long term performance under harsh field conditions. Accelerated corrosion testing is an important tool for use in product designs such as wire terminal systems. Test methods such as salt spray testing have traditionally been used to evaluate corrosion resistance but can seldom be correlated to actual field performance. Other methods using corrosive gas mixtures have been developed to better correlate with field conditions. This paper studies corrosion resistance of wire terminal connections made from a variety of materials and protective platings and coatings. Accelerated test methods using both salt spray and corrosive gas mixtures were applied. The results show that each base metal and protective coating has it's strengths and weaknesses. Steel with zinc-trivalent chromate protective coatings performed well but vary significantly depending on the thickness of zinc, type of chromate, and use of sealers. Nickel-plated brass performed well except in environments with high concentrations of ammonia. Stainless steel provided the best and most universal corrosion resistance. The information presented in this paper can be applied to make more knowledgeable product selection decisions that will help ensure long term reliability of electrical connections used in industrial control applications - From Rockwell.

Condition Monitoring  

We are looking for more technical papers in this area.

Look for Signs of Failure to Protect Critical Assets - Deane Horn - Complete online monitoring of the plant’s most critical assets includes shutdown protection, predictive, and performance monitoring – all integrated with the process automation system. Rotating equipment seldom fails without providing hints well in advance. Machinery health warning signs come in the form of vibration changes, process parameter changes, and performance changes to name a few. So imagine a form of machinery protection that allows you to anticipate and recognise these warning signs. A complete protection strategy can then be formulated based on the use of early information gathered from a combination of vibration, performance, and process data. Shutdown protection would be relegated to the last line of defence, and costly outages could be eliminated. Advanced technologies, including online and wireless vibration monitoring and ASME calculations based equipment performance, can all be integrated with the process control system to nurture the health of machinery that is essential to maintaining uninterrupted production - from Emerson Process Management.

Data Loggers 

There are numerous Data Logger technical papers and articles to our thanks to our valued sponsor HINCO.

Dynamic Process Simulators and Training Systems  

Plenty of information on this subject.


Many pages with Numerous Technical Links and White Papers on various Electrical Subjects.

COMING SOON! - The Quick Guide to Reading Electrical Schematics - If you've been hunting for a quick and easy guide book that shows how to read electrical schematics, you've come to the right place! This ebook is due for release anytime soon and is eagerly awaited by many. Interested? You can pre-order your copy by sending an email to 

NEL have a Number of Useful papers on Wind Turbines - These include Wind turbine power performance measurements, Types of small and micro wind turbines and Conversion of wind energy into electrical energy - you will need to register to get these.

Effects of Complex Wind Regimes on Turbine Performance - Elisabeth Rareshide, Andrew Tindal1, Clint Johnson, AnneMarie Graves, Erin Simpson, James Bleeg, Tracey Harris and Danny Schoborg- Wind turbine power performance for the annual energy production calculations of wind farms has traditionally been modelled assuming a set of simple and average input meteorological conditions. Turbine power curve tests are also performed with this assumption, based on criteria defined in the IEC 61400-12-1 [1] standard. While this approach has proven to be adequate for the wind power industry for several years, the increasing size of wind turbines—coupled with an improved awareness of the wind flow variation throughout the boundary layer—has generated concern that the effects of complex meteorological conditions on turbine power performance are not well understood - from Garrad Hassan.

Electrical and Instrumentation Enclosures  


Thanks to our sponsor Weidmuller you can find information on Cabinet design, construction, NEMA and IP ratings, Maintenance, EMC and lots more! This page has been completely reworked and the following links added.

Avoid Thermal 'short cuts' to Improve Protection Efficiency - Specifying an enclosure for field-based instrumentation is not a trivial task. If the enclosure is destined for an extreme environment - such as desert or Arctic regions - starting such a configuration process with one of the commonplace styles of metal enclosures used for electrical panel gear is usually not such a good solution, and can pose problems for the inexperienced - from Intertec.

Cooling System Options for Electronic Enclosure Cooling: Do Thermoelectric Air Conditioners Have the Advantage? - This white paper discusses four popular options for cooling electronic/electrical equipment housed in enclosures and cabinets. These options include thermoelectric air conditioners, compressor-based air conditioners, vortex coolers and air-to-air heat exchangers (heat pipes). Each cooling method is explained and the advantages of thermoelectric air conditioners are examined as compared to the other cooling methods - from EIC Solutions Inc.

Instrumentation, Control, Electrical, Fire & Gas and SIS Design Engineering

AVEVA Instrumentation - Instrument and Systems Engineering, Design, Documentation and Management for the Entire Plant Lifecycle

AVEVA Instrumentation is a proven, feature-rich software suite for Instrumentation and Control engineering. Its advanced graphical user interfaces, extensive use of design rules and catalogues for data creation, and maximum workflow flexibility make AVEVA Instrumentation the preferred choice for projects of all sizes. Stand-alone or fully integrated, AVEVA Instrumentation is functionally rich, both for the EPC in design and for the Owner Operator in everyday plant operations. An extensive range of customisable deliverables may be created, including: Cable Block Diagrams, Loop Diagrams, Instrument Index, Datasheets, Hookup Diagrams, Termination Diagrams, Cable Schedules and Bill of Materials.

Top Ten Instrumentation Headaches - AVEVA spoke to instrumentation and control experts across the industry and identified no less than ten key areas where other vendors’ instrumentation design technologies fail to meet engineers’ and designers’ requirements. These are the top ten headaches that the engineers and designers face on a daily basis. The good news is that companies can avoid these headaches entirely by deploying the ‘visual engineering’ approach at the heart of AVEVA’s field-proven instrumentation solution. Register to read the full paper here.

A Shocking Waste of Money - Eight Reasons Why Electrical Design Costs More Than it Should - Electrical engineering and design is one of the most complex and demanding challenges facing EPCs and shipbuilders, in new builds, in-plant projects, and marine refit. Recent capital expenditure on electrical engineering and design has been estimated to reach $3 billion in the hydrocarbon plant industry alone. But should we be shocked by this figure? Surely such a complex discipline necessarily comes with a high price tag? Expense is inevitable, certainly. But wastefulness is unforgivable. Unfortunately, the technology used to plan and design electrical systems, just like that used to design instrumentation and control systems, is often just that – wasteful. Because it has been developed with little regard for engineers’ and designers’ natural working methods, it results in cumbersome and error-prone methods of handling data, and prevents users from making effective technical use of the natural synergies that exist between many activities. Register to read the full paper here

AVEVA – the world's leading engineering software provider, whose vision and commitment have completely redefined the plant, power and marine industries.

Find out more about AVEVA Instrumentation and other products here

Electrical, Instrumentation and Telecommunication Installation - This Offshore Petroleum NORSOK standard covers functional and technical requirement related to installation of electrical, instrumentation and telecommunication equipment. In addition the standard establish basis for engineering of typical areas like cable segregation, cable requirements, Ex-philosophies, equipment enclosures etc.

Technical safety - This NORSOK standard describes the principles and requirements for the development of the safety design of offshore installations for production of oil and gas. Where applicable, this NORSOK standard may also be used for mobile offshore drilling units. This NORSOK standard, together with ISO 13702, defines the required standard for implementation of technologies and emergency preparedness to establish and maintain an adequate level of safety for personnel, environment and material assets.

Instrumentation, Control, Fire & Gas and SIS Design Engineering Software Database - Thanks to AVEVA take a look at this new page with just masses of information on the Instrument Database Approach to ICE Design Engineering.

ESD Valves - Shutdown and Blowdown 

This comprehensive page includes  technical and design information on  Emergency Shutdown Valves, Shutdown Valves, Blowdown Valves, Actuators, Fire Safe Actuators, ESD Valve Fire Shelter and Partial Stroke Testing.


These pages cover; Coriolis, Metering,  Multiphase, Orifice Plates, Ultrasonic, Thermal, V-Cone, Vortex and more!

National Measurement System  Project at NEL to Assess Flow Meter Performance in Complex Fluids - NEL is currently undertaking a project with the aim of assessing the performance of flow meters in a variety of complex fluids. The benefits of this project will be improved flow meter selection and increased understanding of the additional uncertainty that can be expected when measuring these complex fluids.  It could also lead to improved calibrations techniques and correction factors for the use of flow meters in complex fluids.

Laying the Foundation for Improved Metrology for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) - The UK relies on gas to provide energy for heating and electricity more than any other primary energy source.  In 2004, the UK became a net importer of natural gas due to the decline of main gas reserves in the North Sea (UKCS).  The UK will therefore increasingly depend on gas imported from Europe through pipelines and from remote locations as LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas). To address some of the many challenges associated with the handling of LNG, in particular the measurement issues surrounding the delivery of LNG to a receiving terminal, NEL, supported by the National Measurement System (NMS), has been carrying out research to help industry establish a framework of measurement standards and capabilities.  These will enable UK businesses and public authorities to make accurate flow measurements that will be accepted nationally and internationally.

McCrometer Installs New Wet Gas Test Stand to Study Natural Gas Wells With Entrained Liquids - McCrometer has installed a new Wet Gas Test Stand to pursue a series of new research and development (R&D) initiatives. As energy demand increases for natural gas worldwide, energy producers are tapping lower pressure natural gas wells to increase supplies. While true multiphase measurement systems have been employed for years, gas flows with some wetness have remained a difficult metering application to solve. To make wells producing wet gas commercially viable, operators must frequently test the liquid load in the gas stream with separators or a trace method or install very large and expensive wet gas meters. The new Wet Gas Test Stand is already in use at McCrometer as a simulation tool. With a very limited number of wet gas test labs in the world, their time is of high value and difficult to secure. Operating a privately owned Wet Gas Test Stand gives McCrometer the unique opportunity to advance the physical understanding of wet gas flows without the constraints of traditional third party testing. Unrestricted access to such tools helps speed the testing of theories and discovery. The knowledge gained from McCrometer’s Wet Gas Test Stand will be applied to improve the measurement of wet gases as well as better understand the entrained liquids in wet gas flows.

Guidance Note - Application of Ultrasonic Flow Meter Diagnostics - Improvements in digital signal processing techniques have enabled large amounts of data to be processed and stored in real time. Manufacturers of modern flow meter devices such as ultrasonic meters (USMs) have taken advantage of these improvements and are now using diagnostic parameters to perform a ‘health-check’ of the meter when in operation. This can help the diagnosis of potential problems with the measured fluid or the measurement system - from NEL.

Improve Material Balance by Using Proper Flowmeter Corrections - S Peramanu and J. C Wah - Process plants frequently encounter mass imbalances. These can be attributed to various factors, but often they lead back to inappropriate measuring devices, improper calibration, incorrect installation or incorrect interpretation of the measured flows. There are well-established guidelines available to ensure appropriate flowmeter selection based on the process conditions and control requirements - from Hydrocarbon Processing.

Fire and Gas

Technical Papers covering many aspects of Fire and Gas Engineering. Thanks to Honeywell Analytics this page has been extensively re-modelled with many new links added.

Honeywell Analytics Gas Book - This updated handbook is intended to offer a simple guide to anyone considering the use of gas detection equipment. It provides an explanation of both the principles involved and the instrumentation needed for satisfactory protection of personnel, plant and environment. The aim has been to answer as many as possible of the most commonly asked questions about the selection and use of industrial gas detection equipment.

NFPA 329: Recommended Practice for Handling Releases of Flammable and Combustible Liquids and Gases, 2010 Edition - This recommended practice provides appropriate methods for responding to fire and explosion hazards resulting from the release of a flammable or combustible liquid, gas, or vapour that could migrate to a subsurface structure. This document is available free in a read only format after you register with the NFPA.

The Fire Industry Association (FIA) is a not-for-profit trade association with the aim of promoting the professional status of the UK fire safety industry. The FIA's main objective is to promote the professional standards of the fire industry. They provide technical knowledge and advice to anyone who needs it regarding fire safety in the UK. This site is an excellent Fire Detection and Protection resource. It provides;
- Technical Updates - General technical information of interest. This includes consultation requests from UK Government on new or proposed legislation, public comment drafts of Standards, and comment drafts of FIA technical documents as well as the notification of publication of new standards and legislation.
- Fact Files - Fact Files are a collation of technical, legislative or procedural facts on a single subject or closely associated group.
- Guidance Notes - These are recommendations and interpretations by the FIA (written by Council, Committee, and Secretariat etc) to give help and guidance to members and non-members on technical subjects, legislative matters, FIA processes/procedures etc.
- Codes of Practice - These are ‘how to’ documents that are drafted and formatted in a similar fashion to a national standard by the FIA (written by Council, Committee, and Secretariat etc) to give help and guidance to members and non-members, primarily on technical subjects.

Using High Pressure Water Mist Fire Protection Systems for Offshore Oil Drilling and Producing Facilities - Larry W Owen - Almost every portion of the platform requires some form of fire protection. Many of the spaces found on offshore oil drilling and production facilities can be protected with water mist systems. Water mist systems have tremendous fire suppression and extinguishing capabilities whether the area protected contains flammable liquids or ordinary combustibles. System testing protocols developed by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) have set the standard for water mist design requirements. Coupled with the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 750 Standard on Water Mist Fire Protection, these global guidelines set the benchmark for fire protection engineering companies to use when designing water mist systems. Water mist systems provide suppression and extinguishment of fires through the use of three primary mechanisms, cooling, oxygen depletion (inerting) and radiant heat blocking - from touch briefings

Code of Practice for the Design and Installation of Commercial and Industrial Watermist Systems - This Code of Practice gives recommendations for the design, installation, commissioning and maintenance of watermist systems, and gives performance criteria for fixed watermist systems for specific commercial and industrial hazards. Annex A of this Code provides a template for the testing and validation of watermist system applications by qualified fire testing laboratories. The Code of Practice does not cover watermist systems on ships, in aircraft, on vehicles and mobile fire appliances or for below ground systems in the mining industry. It does not cover the use of watermist for explosion protection.

Guidance for Responsible Persons on False Alarm Management of Fire Detection and Alarm Systems - This is a generic guideline, for the end user or ‘Responsible Person’, to manage and ultimately reduce false alarms from a building’s fire detection and alarm system - from the FIA.

Chief Fire Officers Association Protocol for the Reduction of False Alarms & Unwanted Fire Signals - The Aims Of This Protocol are to; Provide a uniform process for those parties involved in managing the reduction of false alarms and UwFS, reduce the number of false alarms generated by fire detection and AFAS, reduce the numbers of UwFS sent to FRSs and provide the most appropriate response. - from the FIA

Code of Practice for Design, Installation, Commissioning & Maintenance of Aspirating Smoke Detector (ASD) Systems - The Code of practice provides recommendations for the planning, design, installation, commission and maintenance of aspirating smoke detection systems. It identifies categories of ASD systems and typical applications where such systems can be used. It also provides specific design rules on common applications and guidance on good practice.

Guidance on Video Smoke Detection Technology (VSD) - This FIA Guidance Document provides an overview of video smoke detection technology (VSD) based on the analysis of video signals from CCTV cameras and gives some basic guidelines as to its application in fire detection and alarm systems - from the FIA

Guidance on the Pressure Relief and Post Discharge Venting of Enclosures Protected by Gaseous Fire Fighting Systems - This document provides guidance on fulfilling the requirements contained in BS EN15004-1 and BS 5306-4, in respect to over and under pressurisation venting - clauses 7.4.1 and 10.3.3. respectively and post discharge extract - clauses 5.3 h) and 15.9 respectively. It considers the design, selection and installation of vents to safeguard the structural integrity of enclosures protected by fixed gaseous fire fighting systems and the post discharge venting provisions where used - from the FIA.

Application Guidelines for Carbon Monoxide (CO) Fire Detectors - This FIA Fact File provides guidelines for the use of fire detectors utilizing carbon monoxide (CO) sensors based on electrochemical cell technology.

Application Guidelines for Thermally Enhanced Carbon Monoxide (CO) Fire Detectors - This FIA Fact File provides guidelines for the use of fire detectors utilizing carbon monoxide (CO) sensors based on electrochemical cell technology enhanced by one or more thermal sensors. It covers detectors where the thermal sensor(s) may also provide a response to fire independently. This Fact File does not give guidelines for detectors which incorporate additional or other sensing technologies. This Fact File does not give guidelines for CO gas detectors for environmental monitoring or toxic gas detection.

Guide to (Point) Detector Cleanliness - Some excellent tips of how to clean Fire Detectors - from the FIA

Smoke Detection in High Spaces using Aspirating Smoke Detectors - Reliable detection of smoke in high ceiling spaces has been considered a challenge for many years and most Design and Installation Codes (including BS5839-1) define limits on the ceiling height that may be protected by a particular technology. Most practitioners default to using detection technologies – such as Optical Beam Smoke Detectors (OBSD) or Aspirating Smoke Detectors (ASD) – which derive their smoke measurement over an area – not at a single location. Such "integrating" technologies are inherently more sensitive to smoke that is diluted or distributed as it rises to higher levels than point type detectors. BRE Global has recently completed a research project jointly funded by the BRE Trust and the FIA to review the recommendations provided for using OBSD and ASD in high ceiling spaces. The results of this research are published in a BRE Information Paper but are summarized in this Fact File along with news of how the results have influenced changes to the FIA Code of Practice for ASD Systems - From the Fire Industry Council.

Managing False Alarms - For users of Automatic Fire Detection and Alarm Systems - This guide has been produced to advise and give recommendations for all users of automatic fire detection and alarm systems ways in which to avoid unwanted alarms, be they malicious, accidental or arising from neglect of a system - From Chubb UK

Guide to Reducing False Alarms from Automatic Fire Detection Systems - About 90% of automatic fire-detection and fire-alarm systems do not cause regular false alarms. However, the remaining 10% are involved in most false alarms. Every false alarm causes disruption. This may affect your customer service, your productivity or the general routine of your organisation The cost of false alarms in the UK is estimated to be about £1 billion a year. If you assessed the cost to your company, you would probably be surprised. One medium-sized company found that the average false alarm at one of their sites cost them £1,200, and at another site costs amounted to around £126,000 in one year alone. However false alarms affect you, they could also be a risk to the lives of others - From Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service.

Visual Alarm Devices - Visual alarm devices are the strobes and beacons used as part of a fire detection and fire alarm system that warns the deaf, hard-of-hearing and people working in noisy conditions of a fire. EN 54-23:2010 is the standard to which all visual alarm devices must be approved by March 2013, and the LPCB Code of Practice (CoP 4001) provides recommendations on their effective use. Fire alarm systems often include some form of visual element, such as a flashing light, to reinforce the audible warning from a bell, siren or voice alarm. But where building occupants include deaf or hard-of-hearing people or where there are high levels of ambient noise, the visual element must be just as effective as the audio warning in alerting people to danger. The need for visual alarm devices (VADs) will be identified as part of a business and building’s fire risk assessment and VADs that produce sufficiently intense light to give an effective warning must be fitted. The question is, what level of performance is required to ensure that a VAD provides suitable warning? - from BRE and

About Oil Mist Detection - How to overcome the problems associated with oil mist measurement - - from Micropack.

Flare Radiation -Not So Friendly Fire - Ian Davidson - Most hydrocarbon and chemical process plants provide a relief flare or vent to assist in handling process upsets. A typical relief flare operating at, say 0.1kg/sec under normal conditions and 10kg/sec under relief conditions will provide flame energies in the order of 2 MW and 100MW respectively. Where a cold vent (rather than a flare) is provided, lightening strikes are surprisingly common and there are many reported instances of an unintentional ’hot’ vent. In addition to the local relief flare, the possibility of a system being activated by an adjacent unit’s or site’s flare cannot be ignored. This latter case can result in a ‘domino’ effect that has provoked a number of unscheduled relief (and vent-snuffing!) system tests over the years. Clearly the fires associated with a flare are several orders of magnitude greater than the target fire size and exhibit precisely the infrared radiation signature required by an IR3 detector - from Micropack.

Fire and Explosion Guidance - The primary objective of this document is to offer guidance on practices and methodologies which can lead to a reduction in risk to life, the environment and the integrity of offshore facilities exposed to fire and explosion hazards - from Fabig and UKOOA.

MGD - The Electronic Nose - The MGD detector is an innovative technology offering unique solution for early fire detection in extremely harsh environments as storage silos, turbines, conveying systems and electrical rooms. The MGD detector contains extremely sensitive sensors that reacts fast on the gases released in a very early stage of a fire, even before the presence of visible smoke or flames. The detector is constantly comparing the actual gas pattern with different classified patterns of gas. Based on this the detector can differentiate the actual gas from a fire from other gases in the air coming from other disturbing elements - Thanks to FireFly and ICEweb sponsor PROdetec.

Water Mist for Fire Protection of Heritage - This is an excellent technical paper which provides a vast amount of information on water mist systems. Water mist application is the most subtle way of water extinguishing. It provides safe and practical environment for rescue work, it protects visitors and staff, it incur minimal secondary damage in valid or unintentional activations and substantially remove harmful particles from smoke. Apart from the above and general extinguishing capabilities of water, mist applications add several advantages over standard sprinkler systems, which often justifies a moderate extra cost. Mist systems discharge less water and use small-diameter pipes. Water supply may not run empty, as does limited gas supplies or other extinguishing media. Water mist may be turned off and on again. Water mist can be used where water was not previously considered practical. Water mist is used in hand held extinguishers, fire hose nozzles, small standalone units, object protection systems, room filling systems, hand held impact guns and large water mist impact monitors. Applications include museum vaults, heritage buildings, hotels, churches and art galleries - from

Ultrasonic (Acoustic) Gas Leak Detection Technology - Ultrasonic (acoustic) gas leak detection technology works by listening for ultrasound emitted from pressurised gas leaks. Instead of measuring a concentration level in LEL as traditional gas detectors (point and open path detectors) the ultrasonic gas leak detectors raise an instant on/off alarm if a leak is detected. The ultrasonic gas leak detectors do not have to wait until the gas concentration has accumulated to a potentially dangerous gas cloud, they react instantaneously. This means that unlike traditional gas detectors, ultrasonic detectors can detect gas leaks at the speed of sound without being affected by wind directions or gas dilution. Instead of measuring a concentration level in LEL, the ultrasonic (acoustic) gas leak detection method is based on the so-called leak rate. This makes detection more reliable and efficient as it is possible to verify the performance of the detection system - This link also includes a case history, detection coverage, installation practice, background noise, gas leak definition and frequently asked questions - from Gassonic.

Ultrasonic Leak Detection - The First Stage in Gas Detection - These sensors will detect gas at' the speed of sound’ and do not need to be in the gas cloud to operate successfully. Ultrasonic gas detectors have been designed to detect pressure gas leaks from all gases, this includes the 35% of Hydrocarbon Leaks which go undetected in the North Sea (Source UK HSE) - thanks to Groveley Detection and ICEweb sponsor PROdetec

Gas Detection in Air Intakes - When it comes to monitoring of ventilation air, at air intakes, in ventilation ducts or at ventilation outlets, the trend has been towards lower trip levels and/or faster response times. This product information discusses these issues in order to help choosing the right detector for the task - from Simrad Optronics and ICEweb sponsor PROdetec

Hazardous Areas Instrumentation and Electrical Equipment

A huge technical library of Technical Information covering a wide range of Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas.

Hazardous Area e-courses from Abhisam Software

Hazardous Area Instrumentation e-learning Course. The online version is now available for US$135 or the direct download is just US$150. It covers; Area and Material classification, Different standards used for hazardous areas, including the later regulations like ATEX, Different methods of protection such as Explosion proof, Intrinsic Safety, Increased Safety, Pressurization and Purging, Non-incendive and some more methods too, Implementation of Fieldbus systems in hazardous areas, Selection of  the best method of protection for your application, in your plant or facility, Certification and labelling of instruments, learn what a label means and how to maintain the safety and integrity of a hazardous area installation in your plant. See the New Video

Practical Guide to Hazardous Area Classification - Hazardous Area Classification :A Lack Of Knowledge Can Cost You Your Job, Your Money, Your Business... Even Your Life! This is a practical guide to classifying hazardous areas in your plant or facility- Learn everything you need to know about hazardous area classification...including gas, vapour and dust explosions, various area, materials and temperature classifications, the differences in various standards. Also includes a practical case study of an actual area classification exercise, with actual engineering drawings and photos, details on the state of area classification in today's process plants and facilities along with the pitfalls of wrong area classification. Importantly it details how you can SAVE MONEY and MAKE YOUR PLANT SAFER with proper area classification. The cost?  Only US$47.

Making Safe Waves in Hazardous Areas! - John Hartley - As wireless devices such as mobile phones and laptop computers become more reliable and cost effective, there is growing interest amongst the process industry as to the benefits to be found from enabling such devices to be used in hazardous areas. However, unlike most industries this is not a simple task. Installing wireless networks in hazardous areas requires careful, expert planning and execution. John Hartley, Managing Director of Extronics, explains the hazards posed by radio frequency sources and the issues involved when installing wireless networks in hazardous areas, and how to minimise the potential risk.

High Integrity Pressure Protection Systems - (HIPPS)  

A swag of information on this interesting subject.

Valves/Actuator Combinations - Rens Wolters - In 2010 a new revision of the IEC 61508 was formally published. The previous version dated back to 1998 and since then it is used in the Oil and Gas industry for over-pressure protection systems. This paper focuses on the modifications in the IEC 61508 related to the final elements and as example an application in the Oil and Gas industry is used - from Mokveld.


Need some Technical Information on Hydraulics?  Look at ICEweb's page. 

Instrumentation Valves, Tubing  and Fittings  

ICEweb has very comprehensive pages on this subject. 

Laser Instrumentation  

Technical Information on Laser Level and Other Laser Instrumentation Applications.


Technical Information covering a wide range of level subjects including General Theory, Capacitance, Displacer, Float/Magnetic, Radar, Ultrasonic, Boiler Level and more!  

Please support our Level Page sponsor Austral-Powerflo Solutions, see all their Magnetrol Level solutions on the page.

New Technologies

This section of ICEweb is dedicated to new and emerging technologies.


Covers General Theory,  Technical Papers,  Transmitters, Regulators, Safety Tips, Blockage Tool and more Pressure Related Technologies.

Pressure Relief Valves

This must be just about the world's most comprehensive Pressure Relief Valve resource covering Technical Papers, Technical  Manuals, Engineering Handbook, Calculations, Sizing, Selection and Relief Design.

Emerson Process Management has introduced the Rosemount® 708 Wireless Acoustic Transmitter.  The new transmitter is part of Emerson’s “Smart Energy Initiative,” which combines its unmatched industrial energy expertise with advanced technologies that enable customers to lower energy costs and reduce emissions. The Rosemount 708 Wireless Acoustic Transmitter helps processing plants significantly reduce their energy expenses and environmental impact by combining temperature measurement with acoustic “listening” that provides unparalleled visibility into the state of steam traps and pressure relief valves.

Rupture Discs

Specifications, Standards, Technical Papers and Articles.

Rupture Disc Terminology and Concepts - A comprehensive list here.

A Structured Method for Proper Selection of Rupture Disks for Safety Relief in Ammonia Plants - Jeff Scoville and Alan Wilson - Proper selection of a rupture disk is more than performing sizing calculations to make sure it is adequately sized for the emergency event. Criteria such as operating pressure and temperature, material selection, gasor liquid service, etc. must be evaluated to determine the best disk type for the application. The cost of not evaluating such criteria can be significant to operations if the ammonia plant has excessive “nuisance” failures of an improperly specified rupture disk. This paper will present a structured step-by-step method for determining the appropriate rupture disk type for an application - from Oseco Inc.

The Use of Certified KR for Rupture Disks - Jeff Scoville - The ASME Section VIII, Division 1, 1998 code established a new code symbol stamp for rupture disks in 1999 called “UD”. While the Code recognized rupture disks as acceptable pressure relief devices prior to this revision, there was no formal process for product certification. Very few manufacturers had performed flow testing of their products, therefore the methodologies for sizing relief systems reflected in the ASME Code and API Recommended Practices (RP) were estimates at best. The new UD stamp now requires any product carrying the stamp to be flow tested at an ASME PTC-25 accepted flow laboratory in the presence of a representative from the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors. Results of the flow testing are communicated directly to the user via the certified flow resistance factor (KR) and minimum net flow area (MNFA) stamped on the disk tag. These values are also published in the National Board Red Book, which also covers relief valves.


This comprehensive page has numerous technical papers on Process Control Security issues

Industrial Video Solution Helps Operators Meet Stringent Safety, Security Regulations - Honeywell has announced an addition to its industrial wireless portfolio. The new OneWireless™ Video Solution allows plants to enhance their perimeter security and employee safety by deploying industrial video cameras over the OneWireless network. The new solution brings together Honeywell Process Solutions’ (HPS) expertise in process control, industrial security and wireless communications to provide a comprehensive system consisting of wireless services, closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras, Digital Video Manager and the OneWireless Network —all integrated with Honeywell’s Experion process control system and Enterprise Buildings Integrator (EBI) security management system and integration platform. The OneWireless Video Solution takes advantage of wireless technology’s flexibility by enabling video coverage in difficult-to-cable, difficult-to-reach, or unmanned locations.  Integration with Experion and EBI allows operators to view alarms and events remotely and respond to issues quickly and safely. The OneWireless Video Solution can be installed in facilities operating within all industries, especially hazardous areas in the chemicals, oil & gas, refining and mining industries.

Severe Service Control Valves  

A swag of technical papers can be found here.

Solenoid Valves  

This is a comprehensive Technical Reference on Solenoids 

Specialist Oil & Gas Valves 

Technical information on Cryogenic Ball, Gate, Globe and Check Valves - In the Oil and Gas  industry, valves are exposed to some of the most extreme conditions imaginable. Corrosive and erosive environments and extremely high and low temperatures for example, require tough equipment, tough materials and tight tolerances. The technical links here provide engineering solutions. Check out our sponsor Prochem who have these solutions.

Surge and Lightning Protection  

It will never happen to me? Don't you believe it...Globally, some 2000 on-going thunderstorms cause about 100 lightning strikes to earth each second!! This page provides a comprehensive range of links to help resolve the potential effects.

NEMA Surge Protection Institute Launches Educational Website - The NEMA Surge Protection Institute (NPSI) has launched an updated website that informs users about surge characteristics, how surge protective devices (SPDs) work, and how to specify and apply surge protection. NSPI is an educational outreach effort initiated by the Low Voltage Surge Protective Devices Section of the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) to heighten awareness of the benefits of surge protection for the purpose of promoting proper application and usage. The website ( is a one-stop location for information on applying surge protection to commercial, industrial, and residential facilities.

Remote Location Power Surge Protection - David Torres - Remote sites include locations such as telecommunications shelters, cellular towers, water/wastewater treatment plants, railroad bungalows, and HVAC systems. These installations can be challenging to protect from lightning, line surges originating from utility switching, damage to power utility lines, and power surges originating from area industrial equipment. Devices in remote locations are typically closer to the service entrance and lack other power paths for energy to flow. This makes them more susceptible to surge damage than other applications. When planning a remote installation, the design engineer or installer must consider proper grounding and bonding, the correct surge protection device (SPD) for the job, and proper installation. When installed correctly, it is possible to protect a remote site from lightning or other surge events - from ISA and InTech.

Test and Calibration

Technical Papers and Articles on  how to test and calibrate along with typical equipment. Thanks to our sponsor Zedflo Australia ICEweb's Test and Calibration Instruments page has been extensively upgraded.

Terminals -  Electrical and Instrumentation Wiring  

Need to know how to wire and terminate your control consoles, marshalling cabinets and junction boxes?   Thanks to our sponsor Weidmüller ICEweb's Electrical and Instrumentation Terminals page has some great information 

A Systems Approach to Functional Terminal Block Design - Consider where signals are processed in measurement, conversion and regulation systems - Carsten Luckheide - Ideally, functional terminal blocks should be easy to use, provide secure connections and make it simple to bridge terminals, whether or not they are adjacent. By taking a systems approach to functional terminal block design, though, a single block can be adapted to different connection requirements - from


Covering a whole range of temperature measuring techniques along with General Theory, Conversions, Selection and Application this page must be your first choice when looking for quality technical information.

Yokogawa Electric Corporation have announced release of their YTMX580 multi-input wireless temperature transmitter to the market. The YTMX580 is based on the ISA100.11a industrial automation wireless communication standard and features an industry-leading eight analog input channels.

Valve Actuators

JUST HAVE A LOOK AT THIS PAGE! A huge repository of information on Actuators including Compact Actuator Solutions and Systems, Subsea Valve Actuator Applications, Offshore Valve Actuator Applications, Safety Related Systems Valve Actuator Systems, Spring Return Hydraulic Actuators,  Spring Return Pneumatic Actuators, Compact Double Block & Bleed (DBB) Valve Actuators, Double Acting Actuator, Valve Actuator General Information, Scotch Yoke Design Valve Actuators, Firesafe Actuators,  Hydraulic Actuator Design and Operation, Electrical Actuator Design and Operation, Control Valve Actuator Design and Operation and Valve Actuator Accessories. Check out our sponsor Prochem who have these solutions.


ICEwebs Valveweb page has been completely reworked to help you get to your required information quickly and efficiently.

Composite Valves - Thanks to our sponsor Austral-Powerflo Solutions ICEweb's Composite Valve page has been completely reworked and the following links have been added;

Specialist Power Plant Valves - Thanks to our sponsor Austral-Powerflo Solutions ICEweb's Specialist Power Plant Valve page has been completely reworked and the following links have been added;

Variable Speed Drives

Check out ICEweb's Variable Speed Drives Page. We are looking for more technical papers on these and other Electrical subjects. 

The Quick Guide to AC Variable Frequency Drives - Variable Frequency Drives are growing in importance every day as you see them being increasingly used The reason is easy. Variable Frequency Drives are the best thing that ever happened to the ac induction motor, as you can now control these motors in a variety of ways, which were not at all possible earlier. However, information on how to use these drives is not very easily available. Your search is over! Download now the quick guide to ac variable frequency drives immediately and never have to search for anything else on VFDs again! Price only US$57


Information and News on Safety Instrumented Systems , Burner Management Systems, Manufacturing & Safety Automation,  and Health & Safety.

Thanks to our sponsor Invensys Triconex ICEweb's Safety Instrumented Systems page has been extensively upgraded with the addition of 31 technical papers - so if you need more information on SIS just go to this page as a first "port of call"! 

Comprehensive E-learning course on Safety Instrumented Systems -from Abhisam Software 

E-learning course on SAFETY INSTRUMENTED SYSTEMS This comprehensive course covers ALL aspects of Safety Instrumented Systems in seven modules including ; Basic Concepts of SIS, Hazard & Risk Analysis, Failures & Reliability, Safety Integrity Level - Includes how to assess and verify Safety Integrity Level (SIL) , Standards used in SIS and SIS in practice including maintenance.. For full details of the contents see here
Price is an unbelievable US$ 399! Please send your requirement to .

Coming Soon - E-learning Course on VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) - This e-learning course will cover VOCs in detail, with worked examples, interactive animated simulations, real plant photos and examples/case studies. If you've been hunting for an easy to understand training course on VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds), you've come to the right place, but just a wee bit early. That's great, because you are now eligible for an "early bird unbelievable discount offer"! Claim it by sending an email to  For those of you who do not know what VOCs are look here.

Safety Instrumented Systems: Lowering Risk with Safer Systems - In this Webinar Safety experts Paul Gruhn and Mike Medoff discuss Safety Instrumented Systems, the ISA 84 standard, safety lifecycles, Safety Integrity Levels, SIF equipment justification, operations and maintenance requirements, and more - from ISA.

Honeywell has introduced its new Safety Manager Field Device Unit (FDU), which allows process manufacturers to more easily implement small, standalone safety applications in their facilities. The offering combines Honeywell Process Solutions’ (HPS) widely used Safety Manager platform and Remote Universal Safe I/O into a single, space-friendly unit that meets the Safety standards (IEC61508, IEC61511) for Safety Integrity Level three (SIL-3) out of the box. The module’s small size makes it ideal for plants that need to quickly implement integrated safety measures for applications such as burner or boiler management systems. This is critical due to increasingly stringent safety regulations and compliance standards, which often require manufacturers to upgrade or even replace existing safety equipment. For example, an outdated, non- compliant panel in a boiler management system could be replaced with the FDU in the limited space close to the boiler.

New Report Focuses on Process Safety - As part of continuing efforts to prevent major incidents, the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers GP Safety Committee's Asset Integrity Task Force has developed a set of key performance indicators for process safety events. Publication of this report concludes a two-year work programme. While process safety incidents are relatively infrequent, companies cannot afford to rely on lessons learned from these events alone, the report says. Process safety: recommended practice on key performance indicators, OGP Report No. 456, enables companies to analyse data from near misses and less severe events and to help drive improved performance. Building on the American National Standards Institute/American Petroleum Institute Recommended Practice 754, Process safety performance indicators for the refining and petrochemical industries, the OGP report has been tailored to the upstream oil and gas industry. The guidance sets out a four-tier framework which recommends that upstream oil and gas operators collect and report leading indicators - those which maintain barrier strength - and lagging indicators - those which measure barrier defects, events and consequences. Get the report here.

New Tank Over Fill and Spill Protection Standard - As a direct result of the Buncefield explosion, the American Petroleum Institute's Recommended Practice 2350 is being revised and updated to help prevent future incidents. It should be noted that there are similar storage terminals spread across Canada and the world. Many are currently in the process of updating to these standards. Of particular interest, are storage facilities fed by a pipeline, or from a ship, as the potential spill risk is greater than those fed by truck or rail. The API 2350 4th edition will require most petroleum storage tanks over 5000 liters to have an independent level alarm for critical high level. Past practices of taking a high level or overfill alarm off the main tank level gauge (commonly a radar level device) are no longer allowed. A back up device is now required that can be a second transmitter (continuous level indication) or more cost effectively a point level switch. Depending on the overfill prevention category of the vessel, these switches may be mechanical or electronic. While there are several potential alarm points, here we are discussing the independent alarm required for the "High-High" alert.

Now Available from Abhisam Software! HAZOP (Hazard and Operability Study) e-learning course with CERTIFICATION of COMPETENCY - HAZOP study (short for Hazard and Operability Study) is a well known hazard analysis tool used for process safety management and HSE risk assessment of plants and facilities. However, there are very few training courses out there that teach the HAZOP study technique thoroughly well, in a structured manner. Ditto for books-many of them are outdated and not as relevant as they once were. Hence Abhisam Software created this e-learning course, so that you need not refer to boring, outdated and irrelevant books to learn HAZOP. What you need is a practical, "why-we-do-it and how-to-do-it" training course and this is it! This e-learning course covers HAZOP in detail, that will make you a pro in hazard and risk analysis, HSE risk assessment and related areas of process safety management. It is NOT merely somebody's outdated boring power point slide presentation or a text book in electronic format. It is a full fledged e-learning course with interactive animations & simulations, videos, worked examples, HAZOP worksheet templates and much more! Forget attending classroom training with boring Powerpoint Slides, this e-learning course will have plenty of graphics and interactive animations that make learning so much more easier and fun! Besides you can also get a Certificate of Competency in HAZOP if you take our online test after completing this course. There is no additional charge for this! 

New Australian Regulator for Offshore Safety and Environment - Australia has its first national regulator for safety, well integrity and environmental management for offshore oil and gas operations. NOPSEMA, the National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority will supersede NOPSA, the National Offshore Petroleum Safety Authority, which was established in Australia in 2005.

ALERT! - HSE Issues Gas Detector Safety Alert - This alert is to warn workers using a Status Mentor PGD2 gas detector that some of them may be giving false readings due to software configuration. None of these gas detectors should be used until its software and configuration has been verified. Tests by the Health & Safety Laboratory (HSL) on behalf of HSE and discussions with Status Scientific, the manufacturer, have determined that the low battery voltage cut-off setting may be incorrect in some instruments having an older version of software. This older software may allow the instrument to continue to remain active when there is insufficient power for it to work accurately. In this case the indicated measurement may be below the actual gas concentration in the sampled atmosphere and the alarm may not be activated when the actual gas concentration reaches the alarm set-point.

ALERT! -Use of Mobile Phone "Expert XP-Ex-1" in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres - A serious risk has been identified by an EU member state where use of the mobile phone "Expert XP-Ex-1" in potentially explosive atmospheres could lead to possible ignition danger. The mobile phone in question is manufactured by "Experts Intrinsic Safety Specialists, Groningsewet 7, 2994 LC Barendrecht, Netherlands". Following safeguard action approved by the EC under the ATEX Directive (Directive 94/9/EC) in respect of a mobile phone "Expert XP-Ex-1", the Commission considers that this mobile phone fails to comply with the essential health and safety requirements referred to in Article 3 of the Directive 94/9/EC and set out in Annex 2. The European Commission has now required Member States to prohibit the placing on the market of mobile phone "Expert XP-Ex-1" as compliant with the ATEX Directive. This mobile phone must not be used where products complying with the Equipment and Protective Systems Intended for Use in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 1996 (as amended) are required. This problem was first identified by the German authorities who have already taken measures prohibiting the placing on the market and withdrawal from the market/retailers of this mobile phone in Germany.

Pharmaceutical Applications - There are reportedly over 22,000 pharmaceutical plants in the World producing a wide range of varied products. Pharmaceutical production, whether continuous or batch, uses a variety of toxic and combustible materials. Not all gases or solvents are used in each process, but the general categories include Amines, Ammonia, Carbon Monoxide, Carbon Dioxide, various Halogens, Chlorides, Hydrogen Peroxide, Hydrogen Sulphide, Hydrogen Cyanide, Phosgene and a variety of solvents. Local health and safety guidelines dictate safe working practices for personnel in connection with toxic substances. Failure to meet these minimum requirements exposes the operator to the risk of litigation. Emissions of solvents used within the production process must be minimised to meet latest international regulations on emissions. This requires significant investment in solvent reclamation equipment which must be protected. In addition, the use of continuous flammable gas monitoring will reduce insurance premiums further while ensuring safety levels are maintained.

The Danger of Confined Spaces - Areas with a volume of less than 100m³, where there is no natural ventilation or areas that measure less than 2 metres in diameter, length, width and depth are classed as confined and enclosed danger zones. Special attention needs to be drawn to the dangers posed by gases when space is restricted and typical examples of confined spaces within industry include: shafts, trenches, pits, boilers, tanks, pipelines and containers, as locations for emergency response units.

A Culture of Safety - Industry Moves to Make Sure Accidents DON'T Happen - Amy W. Richardson - In response to some major disasters in the 1970s and ‘80s, in which control system failures were contributing factors, a new culture of industrial process automation safety was born. As part of this movement, end-users, industry associations, and equipment suppliers alike moved to more closely consider control and safety applications with the aim of minimizing common modes of failure. For decades, it was common to build certain protections into the Basic Process Control System (BPCS) to prevent failures. However, the new approach focused on separation between control and safety applications to reduce failures. In the ‘90s, the ISA-SP84 Committee settled on the term Safety Instrumented System (SIS) to describe an independent automated safety system. Today, if the layers of safety measures built into a modern process control systems were peeled back, one would likely find the SIS at the outermost level, providing the last preventive layer of protection against undetected and detected equipment failures that lead to unsafe process conditions - from

Centralised or Distributed Process Safety - Picking the Best Safety System Architecture cuts Risk and Cost while Simplifying Implementation and Maintenance - Dr. Angela Summers - Process plant safety systems can either be centralized, distributed, or a combination of both. Each approach has its advantages and challenges, with selection of the best option dependent on a variety of factors. This article will examine various safety system architectures and will show process plant users how to pick the best solution to fit their specific needs - from ISAand InTech

Manufacturing and Automation Safety

See ICEweb's comprehensive page which covers a huge volume of super information on this subject!  


Software and Tools that will help with engineering design. Really excellent free tools to help you in your job and at home can be found on ICEweb’s “Tools” page.

Instrument Signal Conditioners, Signal Concentrators, Transmitters, Transducers, Isolators and Converters

This brand new page covers technical aspects of all the above devices! The signal problem solver from Moore Industries is very useful, have a look at it along with many other useful links here.

Instrumentation Technology - Techweb

A Gateway to a huge amount of Instrumentation Technology Information.


News and technical links to Industrial Instrumentation Wireless items of interest

The following Wireless Links are thanks to our sponsor Abhisam Software

RFID Case Study ebook -This excellent 61 page technical reference has details on 25 different RFID applications from around the world. The password to the document is "abhisam". .

RFID e-learning course. A comprehensive training course on RFID, that makes a pro out of YOU,  without being away from home or office. With a discounted cost of only US$89 for the online version or direct download for only US$99 it will not out make a hole in your pocket!  See the new video.

Sponsor Abisham Software have provided the world's first FREE RFID e-learning course which is a no obligation , no strings attached, absolutely free RFID course, that can be downloaded to your own PC and you can view it without any restrictions at all! Plus it's a REAL e-learning course, NOT somebody's stale Power-Point presentation! It has plenty of flash based animations, graphics and text, with a self-assessment test. The visuals help you learn key concepts QUICKLY and EASILY.

ISA100 Wireless Standard Approved as an American National Standard – The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) has announced the approval of ISA-100.11a-2011, “Wireless Systems for Industrial Automation: Process Control and Related Applications,” as an American National Standard. This approval confirms that the open consensus standards development procedures required by ANSI, which call for participation not only of suppliers but of all key interest categories, were followed in developing the standard.

Smart Wireless Network Monitors Eye wash and Safety Shower Stations -Automated monitoring delivers real-time data to plant operators with 60 percent installed cost savings compared to wired technology

Radio in Industrial Environments - Part 1 and Part 2 - Brian Cunningham - With increasing demands placed on plant managers to reduce operating costs, wireless is presenting attractive alternatives to buried cable and conduit runs. The issue at stake in choosing this alternative is reliability. In industry, the requirements for radio differ from those typically governing commercial or residential applications. With cellular phones, for instance, the design requirement is best effort in terms of coverage and reliability. With industrial applications, the design requirement becomes must work 100%. Typical industrial applications include extracting tank levels in storage facilities, controlling pump stations in municipalities, and in general replacing cable and conduit where the cost of materials and associated installation exceed the cost of a radio system. However the question remains when replacing a tried and true cable and conduit system with a new technology: will it be as reliable? - from ISA.

Frequency Hopping and Unwanted Intruders - Randy Klassen & Åke Severinson - All types of data transfer offer the opportunity for both data interception and injection. In wired systems, it usually takes some direct physical connection to gain access, with tampering being possible anywhere along the transmission wires. Radio systems, on the other hand, take the potential for data interception or injection out of the realm of actual physical contact and force tampering to occur in the radio frequency (RF) realm. Further to this, various radio systems and technologies set up different types of "road blocks" that must be overcome by the wireless intruder - from OMNEX Control Systems Inc and Cooper Industries

Circles of Success - A Brief Tutorial - Randy Klassen - With spread spectrum radios moving into the industrial workplace and out among the pipes and tanks, making the decision to install, specify or manufacture a wireless product is one that cannot be made lightly. No one likes to be embarrassed by product that doesn't work, and in the wireless arena where more and more products are now popping up new rules and guidelines have to be established to ease the decision-making process. This tutorial will focus on a few of the rules that will help HopLink distributors and end-users make decisions about specifying and installing wireless products successfully. It is designed to give you a simple tool for evaluating a HopLink installation's probability for success in terms of: a) where the HopLink will operate reliably, b) how much support you will have to give the product, and c) how to build trust in the eyes of your customer or manager by not "overselling" the HopLink's capabilities and achieving a quick and reliable installation - from OMNEX Control Systems Inc and Cooper Industries

Antennas - A Brief Tutorial - Randy Klassen - Antennas are simply lengths of conductive metal that radiate radio signals into the air. Most common antennas are designed to be one-quarter, sometimes one-half, the wavelength of the radio signal they are to transmit/ receive - from OMNEX Control Systems Inc and Cooper Industries

Is the (Completely) Wireless Pharmaceutical Plant Only 10 Years Away? - It's possible, says Jane Lansing, VP of Marketing for Emerson Process Management. Sure, Emerson is heavily invested in enabling wireless in pharma, but the technology, standards and, yes, FDA support are all there to make the next decade the golden age in wireless for the pharmaceutical plant, Lansing says.

Extreme Wireless Applications - If your wireless application isn't clean and pretty, then check out Emerson's Smart Wireless networks!

Leading the Smart Wireless Transformation - With more than 580 million operating hours, spanning 6,100 wireless networks around the world, Emerson's Smart Wireless solutions are a proven way to monitor critical functions. Emerson experts have developed a range of wireless sensors that work in places where people can't go and where stringing wires isn't practical.

Extended Range Wireless Antenna - Plant Wireless - Emerson technology demo introducing an extended range wireless antenna for automation technologies in remote locations.

Wireless Proves Its Worth - Plants Early Experience Leads to High Value Applications - Tim Gerami and Jerry Moon

Leading the Smart Wireless Transformation - With more than 580 million operating hours, spanning 6,100 wireless networks around the world, Emerson's Smart Wireless solutions are a proven way to monitor critical functions. Emerson experts have developed a range of wireless sensors that work in places where people can't go and where stringing wires isn't practical.

IEC 62591 WirelessHART® System Engineering Guide - This updated excellent 83 page document has been created to support the developing needs of WirelessHART end users adopting self-organizing mesh networks within the process industry. It recognises that WirelessHART products are available from the HART COMMUNICATIONS FOUNDATION and many of its members, and thus is written in a ‘generic’ fashion which does not incorporate any ‘value added’ features available from any specific vendor. It is assumed that the reader is proficient with HART instrumentation, therefore the focus of this content will be on the unique aspects of deploying WirelessHart systems. Unless stated otherwise, the reader should assume the project steps are the same for HART and WirelessHART instrumentation. The document is intended to serve as the basis for advanced discussions on the implementation of WirelessHART systems.

Emerson Wireless Security - WirelessHART and Wi-Fi - This comprehensive paper demonstrates capabilities to deploy secure, reliable and robust wireless solutions for both field instruments and plant-wide applications.

Smart Wireless Field Network - Recommendations for Planning, Installation and Commissioning - A Smart Wireless Field Network from Emerson Process Management is easy to plan, install, and commission. Included in this paper are recommendations for ensuring proper network performance without the need for site surveys as required for point-to-point wireless technologies.

Smart Wireless Solutions - Intelligent Well Production Starts Here - The wellheads, flow lines, and separation areas in these fields have typically used wired approaches which involve significant commissioning time, and lengthy installation of wiring, trenching, conduit runs, and cable trays; or proprietary wireless networks which suffer from reliability issues. Emerson’s Smart Wireless technology overcomes these issues.


ICEtime - Seminars, Tradeshows, Conferences and Events of interest to our readership.

If you would like to have your event listed in ICEtime, please send a note or press release to ICEnews.

Take a look at ISA's comprehensive calendar of Automation events




5 - 6 13th international CAN Conference -  Hambach Castle, Germany 

6     Automated Britain - London, UK

6 - 8  South East Asia Flow Measurement Conference - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

21- 22  Industrial Data Communications Forum - Brisbane, Queensland, Australia


25 - 27 The Americas Flow Measurement Conference - JW Marriott,  Houston, USA

25 -28 CSIA 2012 Executive Conference - Talking Stick Resort, Scottsdale, Ariz, USA


7 - 9 Automation Technology Egypt 2011 - Cairo Int'l Conferences Center, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt


4 - 8 58th International Instrumentation Symposium - Hyatt Regency La Jolla, 3777 La Jolla Village Drive San Diego, CA 92122, United States

10 - 15 Honeywell Users Group Americas Symposium - JW Marriott Desert Ridge, Phoenix, Arizona, USA

12 -14 Industrial Flow Measurement Seminar - Chateau LeMoyne, New Orleans, USA


18 -19 Energy and Low Carbon Conference - London UK


6 -8 Brazil Automation ISA 2012 - Expo Center Norte - Sao Paulo - Brazil

ICEsponsor¾ Newsletter Sponsor Recognition

The following companies have kindly contributed to the creation and sharing of this information by offsetting the costs associated with its production and distribution. 


Abhisam Software is a young knowledge based company which has been set up to provide training to technical professionals by e-learning. The innovative e-learning courses help professionals to stay on top of the learning curve. What better way to get training, other than by enrolling in an e-learning course? E-learning frees you from attending classrooms, or cramping your work or leisure schedule in any way. It enables you to learn & get training anywhere & at anytime. Get trained anywhere & at anytime by making use of ON DEMAND LEARNING!

Learn anytime, anywhere by taking advantage of our e-learning courses. These e-learning courses are available in a variety of ways including as online learning courses, SCORM & AICC compliant courses which can be hosted on your Learning

Management System (LMS) or as stand alone courses on CD ROMs.

Abhisam Software  have also started an m-learning course on RFID, which can be downloaded to your mobile phone.

They have e-learning courses on the following subjects:

E-learning course on Gas Monitors

E-learning course on RFID

E-learning course on Hazardous Area Instrumentation

M-learning course on RFID.

The Quick Guide to AC Variable Frequency Drives

HAZOP (Hazard and Operability Study) e-learning course with CERTIFICATION of COMPETENCY 

For further details please contact via their website Abhisam  


Well recognised by such brand names as Circle Seal Controls, Hoke Gyrolok fittings and Go Regulators, CIRCOR International Inc is a leading supplier of valves, related products and services to a wide range of users who require precise, efficient and safe fluid control systems.  For over 125 years they have been providing a complete array of fluid control products and technologies to a highly fragmented industry. 

For more information go to 


The Honeywell Analytics group of companies provides gas detection solutions in industries where potentially hazardous chemicals and gases exist.  A full range of fixed gas, portable gas and flame detection equipment is available for the measurement of flammable gases, toxic gases and oxygen concentrations.  The company provides design, development and manufacture of electrochemical, catalytic and infrared sensors, along with Chemcassette technology, placing the company at the forefront of innovation. The company offers solutions to increasingly difficult gas detection and monitoring applications.
They also offer project management for specialized fire and gas systems, a global network of service centres and 24-hour on-line technical support.

For more information go to



Prochem is Australia’s leading supplier of quality stainless steel piping and mechanical instrumentation products. They are agents for a huge range of instrumentation products including Hoke Gyrolok, Hoke Instrumentation Valves, Circor Tech Products, Go Regulators, Circle seal, Atkomatic Solenoid Valves, Classic Filters, Manual Sample Systems, King Instrument Company , Hoke Pipe Fittings , Anderson Greenwood Instrument Valves , Anderson Greenwood Primary Isolation Valves , Pacson Valves and ATC Actuators, BSM Valves, O'Brien Tracepak and O'Brien Analytical, BuTech , Stainless Steel Tube, Saddles and Leak Check , Teflon Lined Braided Hoses. 

Industrial Automation Networks

Industrial Automation Networks Inc. provides field level network services that help our global clients seamlessly connect their field devices and controllers.

Digital communications is becoming more prevalent in the industrial environment but unfortunately the skills necessary to implement the technology have not kept pace with either its introduction or scale of acceptance. Industrial Automation Networks has been created to fill the gap in knowledge and expertise in this area for all phases of a project life cycle.

Industrial Automation Networks Inc. intent is to "Make Industrial Networks Easy" by making them reliable and of high value to you the End User. 

AVEVA Instrumentation; instrument and systems engineering, design, documentation and management for the entire plant lifecycle.

AVEVA Instrumentation provides a comprehensive, powerful and intuitive suite of software tools which support the entire lifecycle of a plant’s instrumentation and control systems. Engineers and plant designers will find their work easier and more productive, thanks to its extensive catalogue- and rules-based functions and unique features such as graphical ‘drag and drop’ design. Plant operators will appreciate a dedicated, affordable solution which makes handover and commissioning more efficient and which goes on to save time and cost throughout the continuing processes of maintenance, modification and upgrade.

Customer evaluations have consistently reported substantial gains in productivity compared with rival products. To see why, visit for product information. To see AVEVA Instrumentation in action, visit for details of AVEVA roadshows and events near you, or contact your nearest AVEVA sales office to arrange a demonstration on your premises.

Whilst every effort is made to ensure technical accuracy of the information supplied by, ICEnews, Keyfleet Pty Ltd and its employees accept no liability for any loss or damage caused by error or omission from the data supplied. Users should make and rely on their own independent inquiries. By accessing the site, and reading this newsletter users accept this condition. Should you note any error/omission or an article offends please do not ignore it, contact the editors and we will review, rectify and remove as necessary.  

© ICEnews 2012.  Reproduction for personal use is permitted.