ICEnews                                                                                  November 2011

All "that's cool" in Instrumentation and Control Engineering - "It's Purely Technical" - For Engineers by Engineers!

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Welcome to the New Look "It's Purely Technical" November  2011 issue of ICEnews, the Instrumentation, and Control Engineering news source.  ICEnews is a compendium of useful information which we endeavour to issue quarterly.

We want to make this newsletter a source of information that YOU can use in YOUR job, while also keeping you informed on what is happening in our industry both directly and indirectly.  We welcome your Press Releases, information, AND any technical articles you may have that could be appropriate for this newsletter or our web site. If you have something you would like to contribute, please send it to ICEnews.

ICEweb’s primary purpose is to disseminate information about Instrumentation, Control, Electrical and Fire & Gas Engineering to you the practitioners and developers of these arts. ICEweb is consistently achieving 250,000 hits per month, so hopefully we will achieve in excess of 300,000 by the end of the year - so THANKYOU for your support. Our quarterly publication ICEnews is another mechanism to get this information out to you. Our database is in excess of 1900 quality contacts and is each issue is accessed by around 7500 people.

We strive to get you high quality mainly technical information for free with direct access to technical papers where possible, without those time consuming pesky registration links which only add more unsolicited mail to your inbox.  

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ICEart - Technical articles related to instrumentation and control (Just "click" on the Hyperlink for the full article or paper)

Katronic Technologies and AMS Instrumentation & Calibration have entered into an exclusive agreement for AMS to become Katronic’s Australian distributor to supply their range of ultrasonic flowmeters to the oil and gas and industrial market place.

Energy University e-learning Website - Schneider Electric has launched an e-learning website Energy University to provide the latest information and professional training on Energy Efficiency concepts and best practice! All in ONE Place - All in ONE site! In addition to learning new energy saving ideas that directly contribute to the overall well-being of the earth; you will also become an even more valuable employee by contributing to the bottom line for your company. Learn something new today and apply the knowledge tomorrow.  Become an Energy Efficiency Champion! Courses are FREE of charge, REGISTER and start learning today.

Byres Security Acquired by Belden - It has been announced that the Byres Security Inc. (BSI) has been acquired by Belden Inc. Belden announced that they acquired BSI to enhance its ability to protect industrial automation systems from cyber attack. BSI’s award winning Tofino™ Security product line will strengthen Belden’s leadership in industrial networking solutions, and the deal will lead to higher investment in Tofino Security technology. The result will be enhanced cyber security for critical industrial automation systems.

ISA Launches New Standards Committee on Building Automation - The International Society of Automation (ISA) has extended its standards reach with the creation of a committee on building automation. ISA111, Unified Automation for Buildings, will development standards and guidelines to communicate the necessary information to enable building subsystems to be managed and to interact so that an individual building, a local collection of buildings such as a campus, or a geographically diverse collection of buildings appear to a user to be a single, coordinated, cohesive building automation system. The committee will define the terminology, concepts, characteristics of automating building subsystems, and building automation architectural models necessary to unify the management of the variety of building automation subsystems. Direct communication between or among the variety of building subsystems without building management system involvement will also be considered and defined as appropriate.

What is Organic Electronics? - Plastic', 'organic' or 'printed' electronics are terms often used to describe electronics based on organic (i.e. carbon-based) semiconductors. Work in this area includes not only the active organic semiconductors but also passive layers and components (i.e. interconnects, passivation and encapsulation layers).

  ICEbooks – Useful Books, Software and New Releases related to Instrumentation and Control

Need Some Technical “know-how”? ICEweb has a page which details a selection of excellent Instrumentation, Automation, Control, Electrical, Electronic and Information Technology books from IDC Technologies. These can be purchased from ICEweb . Also detailed are other links to more useful references.

What’s in your pocket? Why not fill your pocket with an IDC pocket guide. Their six Engineering Pocket Guides are bursting with over 500 pages of valuable information.  The six titles include: Instrumentation, Electrical Engineering, Data Communications, Formulae and Conversions, Electronic Engineering and Industrial Automation. Whether you are interested in just the one title or if you need the whole set send an email to .

Boiler Control Systems Engineering, Second Edition - G.F. (Jerry) Gilman - This book is for anyone who works with boilers: utilities managers, power plant managers, control systems engineers, maintenance technicians or operators. The information deals primarily with water tube boilers with Induced Draft (ID) and Forced Draft (FD) fan(s) or boilers containing only FD fans. It can also apply to any fuel-fired steam generator. Other books on boiler control have been published; however, they do not cover engineering details on control systems and the setup of the various control functions. Boiler Control Systems Engineering provides specific examples of boiler control including configuration and tuning, valve sizing, and transmitter specifications. This expanded and updated second edition includes drum level compensation equations, additional P&ID drawings and examples of permissive startup and tripping logic for gas, oil, and coal fired boilers. It also covers different control schemes for furnace draft control. NFPA 85 Code 2007 control system requirements are included, with illustrated examples of coal fired boilers, as well as information on the latest ISA-77 series of standards.

Safety Instrumented Systems: Design, Analysis, and Justification, 2nd Edition - This revised best-seller is ideal for instrumentation and control system engineers in the process industries who are responsible for designing, installing, and maintaining safety instrumented systems. Engineers, managers, technicians, and sales professionals employed by end users, engineering firms, systems integrators, and consultants can all benefit from the material presented here. Safety Instrumented Systems: Design, Analysis, and Justification, 2nd Edition addresses the increased realization that today’s engineering systems—and the computers used to control them—are capable of large-scale destruction. When even a single accident could be disastrous, the luxury of learning from experience no longer exists. This book is a practical how-to text on the analysis, design, application and installation of safety instrumented systems.

Bottom-Line Automation, 2nd Edition - This newly revised edition helps today’s manufacturing companies face the challenges of a global marketplace where every part of the operation must become more efficient to enhance the bottom line. Based on the results and conclusions of an applied research project of process manufacturing operations directed by the author, Bottom-Line Automation presents an overview of more than 30 years of industry trends, pointing out the strengths and pitfalls of each. The book also explains how manufacturers selected automation technology suppliers for state-of-the-art technological features in their systems rather than for the improvements the technology could offer the manufacturing operation. New topics in the book discuss the economic optimization of industrial assets.

Instrumentation and Control Systems Documentation, Second Edition - This second edition revises and updates the award-winning 2004 publication, incorporating improvements suggested by readers and to reflect subsequent changes in industry practice. It provides the knowledge needed to understand and develop the documents and symbols that define a modern industrial measurement and control system. In addition, it uses industry standards, especially ANSI/ISA-5.1-2009 - Instrumentation Symbols and Identification, to define and describe the symbol based “language” that identifies measurement and control devices.

33 Million pixels! - Ultra High Definition Television (UHDTV) Nearing Reality - ITU experts create enhanced television viewing experience - Ultra High Definition Television (UHDTV) took an important step towards becoming reality when experts reached agreement on most of the pertinent technical characteristics of this exciting new standard for television. UHDTV marks a leap forward beyond the current standards for High Definition Television (HDTV). The experts, which include scientists and engineers from around the world, have been working together for several years in the ITU Study Group on Broadcasting Service (ITU-R Study Group 6) to jointly develop and agree on the technical specifications that will successfully create ‘UHDTV’. A demonstration of UHDTV was provided by the Japanese public service broadcaster NHK at ITU earlier this month. The screen displayed a staggering 33 Million pixels, compared to a maximum 2 million pixels for the highest quality HDTV screens on offer today.

ICEbus - Information on any of the 26 different bus systems in use in the area of Instrumentation and Control.

FDI Cooperation, LLC: A New Company for a Single Common Integration Technology is Founded - The five major automation foundations FDT Group, Fieldbus Foundation, HART Communication Foundation, PROFIBUS & PROFINET International, and OPC Foundation have developed a single common solution for Field Device Integration (FDI).  

Fieldbus Foundation Issues Transducer Block Specification For Wired HART and WirelessHART Device - The Fieldbus Foundation has announced that it has issued a Foundation Wireless and Remote I/O (WIO) preliminary specification addressing fieldbus transducer blocks for wired HART® and WirelessHART® devices, together with updates to the WIO System Architecture and WIO Data Structures related to the transducer block specification.

Fieldbus Foundation Releases Updated H1 Interoperability Test Kit - The Fieldbus Foundation has announced the release of H1 Interoperability Test Kit (ITK) 6.0.1. This powerful test tool, which tests the functionality of an H1 (31.25 kbit/s) fieldbus device and its conformity with the Foundation function block and transducer block specifications, is available to members holding an active maintenance agreement. H1 ITK 6.0.1 demonstrates the Fieldbus Foundation’s commitment to quality and its continuous improvement of solutions supporting developers of Foundation fieldbus products. The updated test kit addresses bug fixes to the NI-FBUS Communication Manager (4.0.1) software, which have resolved issues related to alarms and obsolete descriptor errors. It also includes miscellaneous bug fixes to H1 device test cases.

Get Connected to the Benefits of HART 7 - Suzanne Gill - Charles Larson was quoted in the HARTline Newsletter in In this story discussing the benefits of HART 7 it is highlighted that the introduction of HART 7 has “improved the ability of additional data and diagnostic information from devices” along with increasing “the awareness of users to the wealth of information in HART devices that can be used in plant efficiency.” From our valued sponsor Moore Industries

HART — the Premier Tool for Asset Management - Cut downtime and improve profits with the tools you already have - Do more with less. That’s the mantra of many industries today in North America or anywhere else around the globe. Companies no longer have employees that aren’t fully utilized—nobody has a couple of hours to grab a clipboard and some test equipment and go out in the plant to check the condition of field devices and final control elements. Besides, plants require hot work permits, safety information, workarounds and other time-consumers, making it highly unproductive to grab that clipboard and go. Companies around the world have begun formal programs to use the diagnostic data in their HART-smart instruments and control valve actuators and positioners by directly connecting them to the asset management systems in the maintenance department - From our valued sponsor Moore Industries

Redundancy in EtherNet/IP systems - Alain Grenier - As with any Ethernet-based industrial protocol, in EtherNet/IP, redundancy—the repetition or duplication of messages to circumvent transmission errors—is required to maintain maximum uptime while still enabling the system to deal with minor outages and potential failures to the environment. Redundancy plays a critical role in determining the reliability of the entire system, from the very edge devices, through the network core, to the plant backbone - from ISA.

Free Webinar Troubleshooting Modbus Data Communications Systems - 9th November - A quick toolbox of tips and tricks when working with Modbus communications systems. After this 45 minute session you will be able to; Describe the Modbus protocol, Define how Modbus works with RS-232/RS-485 and Industrial Ethernet, List a few simple troubleshooting tips - Register NOW! - from the Engineering Institute of Technology.

Free Webinar: Routers and Switches - Wednesday 25th January 2012 - Attend this complimentary session and gain a set of suggestions on troubleshooting routers and switches based on the TCP/IP suite of protocols. After this 45 minute session you will be able to: Describe how the TCP/IP protocol interfaces to routers and switches, Detail the key attributes of industrialised routers and switches, Briefly explain a simple routing protocol, Detail a simple router-based architecture - from the Engineering Institute of Technology.

ICEed - Educational links associated with Instrumentation, Control and Fire & Gas

E-learning * Training * Consulting

Abhisam Software is a leader in technical training. Innovative e-learning courses help technical professionals like you to stay on top of the learning curve. Their e-learning courses, technical training workshops and onsite training activities span areas in Instrumentation, Automation & Control Systems, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology and  Process Plant Safety. These e-learning courses and traditional training courses increase the skill levels of employees in companies and other organizations. Their Instrumentation training courses, meet all your Instrumentation training needs, whether for Instrument technician training, industrial instrumentation training or control systems engineer training. Current training courses include Hazardous Area Instrumentation, an ebook on Hazardous Area Classification, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Gas Monitors, Safety Instrumented Systems and an ebook on Variable Frequency Drives. Just Arrived! HAZOP (Hazard and Operability Study) e-learning course with CERTIFICATION of COMPETENCY.

Abhisam's upcoming courses on Plant and Process Safety includes VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) and H2S Awareness, other courses and ebooks in the pipeline which will be launched soon are courses and ebooks on Fieldbus Technology, Level Instrumentation and Electrical Schematics. See the complete range of courses here. Abhisam now also offer a certification for each course, if the learner takes an online test and scores the passing grade. There is no additional charge for this. It is an excellent idea if somebody wants to have a "proof" of having taken training and acquired a new competency. All the current courses have free download demos of the first module.

Did you know that Abhisam also conduct workshops and on site training courses worldwide? They recently held a one day intensive training workshop on Hazardous Area Instrumentation in Andheri, Mumbai in association with the ISA Maharashtra section. This workshop had leading experts from industry and government organizations, who helped participants from leading industries & companies like Siemens, Reliance, SNC Lavalin, Tata Power, Essar and others learn all about this sometimes difficult to understand subject. 

Free USA Training Schedule for PROFIBUS and PROFINET in 2011 - Eighteen free training classes are scheduled for 2011. There are two different curricula: PROFIBUS and PROFINET

Call for Papers - If you have an upcoming conference and are calling for papers please contact us.

Industrial Data Communications Forum - Brisbane - March 21st & 22nd 2012 - Industrial Wireless – Industrial Ethernet – Fibre Optics – 3G – 4G - Routers & Switches - Modbus Protocols - TCP/IP - Radio Telemetry – DNP3 – Remote Monitoring. Are you a professional working in the area of industrial data communications in the mining, oil & gas, industry and utilities? We are looking for presenters to submit an abstract and present their papers at the upcoming Industrial Data Communications Forum in Brisbane. Click here to view the Call for Papers .



IDC have a range of E-Learning courses Covering  Data Communications,   Electrical Engineering, Electronics EngineeringInstrumentation, Mechanical Engineering and Project Management

Training and Workshop Schedules

IDC have a huge range of workshops and training courses in Australia and USA.

ICElinks - Electronic Instrumentation Newsletters and links of Potential Interest to our readers.

A really great website for the latest news is the Read-Out Instrumentation Signpost.

Control Engineering have a great range of newsletters covering;

Are you into Hydraulics? Brendon Casey's Inside Hydraulics Newsletter contains loads of technical tips and money saving techniques.

Automation World offers some electronic newsletters of interest including;

The Flow Control Network has a excellent newsletter for flow "buffs".

Jim Pinto's Website has lots of great content pertaining to Automation..

ICEnew — Great new Technical Links posted on ICEweb.

ICEweb has developed the following pages thanks to our sponsor Prochem Pipeline Products;
Heat Tracing and Bundles - Heat Tracing, Bundles, Heated Hose, General theory, Applications and more!
Instrument Valves, Accessories, Enclosures, Sunshades and Supports 
Pressure Regulators - General Theory, Technical Papers, Maintenance, Applications and more.
Samplers - On-Line Samplers Liquid Samplers, Gas Samplers, Solids Samplers, Applications and more
Monoflanges, Instrument Manifolds - Technical Data, Specifications, Application Data, Installation, Operation, Maintenance and more.

Just click on the title header to go to ICEweb's super pages on each of the following subjects.


ICEwebs Analyser pages cover many types of analysers plus their associated sample systems.

Optimizing the Operation of Legacy Online Gas Chromatographs by Retrofitting Controllers - Gas chromatographs (GCs) are frequently used in pipelines for custody transfer measurement of the energy content in natural gas. Accuracy is determined by calibration-gas quality and how well the technician is able to diagnose and troubleshoot the operation of the GC over long periods of time. A general trend in industry away from specialization has made it difficult for technicians to reach a high competency level in any one area. Chromatography is a difficult field to master on a part-time basis. Advanced software tools are available to assist and train the technician in how to look beyond the basic functions and fully optimize GC operations. Training is enhanced and accuracy can be improved substantially on legacy-model gas chromatographs. Properly utilized, the potential exists to improve accuracy and extend equipment life.

Energy Measurement using Ultrasonic Flow Measurement and Chromatography - Gas volume and energy metering stations using gas chromatography and ultrasonic metering are becoming a mainstream field operation and a new challenge to metering personnel. They are easy to adapt to while adding a new dimension of value to the field professional. Technicians will invariably be the link to the success of any changing technology that would survive and thrive in the real pipeline environment. Meter stations must be maintainable and provable. The system and requirements will be examined from that perspective.

BTU Analysis Using a Gas Chromatograph - This paper describes the basics of how a BTU analyzer works. In a typical natural gas application the gas is separated into eleven different components. Hexanes and heavier components such as heptane, octane, and nonane are combined together to form a single peak known as C6+. Because we separate up to these components, we call this a C6+ application.

Enhanced Performance of an Integrated Gas Chromatograph for Online Gas Analysis - The physical properties of the gas, the composition of the gas during upset, and the operation of the gas in hazardous locations can affect the analytical method development and the hardware design. The gas chromatograph must be compatible with the physical properties (e.g., the physical state) of the sample. The sample must be introduced to the gas chromatograph as a single phase. Since on-line gas chromatographs are installed at the pipeline to analyse sample continuously, the system must be designed for fast analyses and low maintenance.

Analyser Sample Systems

Thanks to our new sponsor  Haldatec ICEweb's Analyser Sample Systems  page has been extensively upgraded with the addition of a swag of 38 new technical papers - so if you need more information on this subject just go to this page for fantastic technical information.

To access these, the rest of the huge papers and much more for free just go to our Analyser Sample Systems  page.

The Integrity And Reliability Of On Line Process Analyzers is Crucially Related To The Design Of The Supporting Sample Handling System - Ronald A. Downie - Although a considerable amount of attention is normally given to the selection of the most suitable type of analyzer to perform the desired analytical task, a similar amount of attention is all too often not extended to the sample conditioning system. This may be due to a lack of understanding of the importance of this part of the complete system. A well-designed, properly applied measuring system can do no better than give a correct analysis of the sample being supplied to it. If the sample is not representative of the process, there is nothing an analyzer can do to correct the situation, and the analytical data can not be used for control purposes. The results of poorly designed sample conditioning vary from the analyzer not operating at all to an analyzer operating only with extremely high maintenance requirements and/or giving erroneous or poor data.

Burner Management Systems

ICEweb's Burner Management System page has around 70 fantastic technical links , many which are new, to assist you if you work in this area.

Thanks to our sponsor Invensys Triconex ICEweb's Burner Management page has been extensively upgraded with the addition of 8 technical papers and  - new sections, so if you need more information on BMS just go to this page for fantastic technical information.


Loads of links to cable information can be found on this page.

Information on Cable Standards - includes details on General Standard, Material Standard, Fire Performance Standard, UK Standard, UL Standard, EN Standard and Cable Colour Codes.

Cable Testing & Fire Resistant Cable - Test Method for Fibre Optic Cables, Introduction to Fire Resistant Cable , Fire Performance Testing.

Choke Valves  

ICEweb's Choke Valve page has links to some fantastic technical information. This includes Choke Valve General Information, Choke Valve Design Specification, Choke Valve Maintenance and Inspection, Common Choke Valve Problems and Solutions , Choke  Papers and Applications, Subsea Choke Valves, Choke Control Systems and some great links to technical papers.

Control Valves

A Control Valve Repository which has heaps of great, useful technical information. Fantastic links covering Diagnostic Tools for Control Valves, Valve Sizing, Control Valve Handbooks, Self Operated Regulators, Control Valve Noise Calculation and Prediction, , Positioners, Selection and Application, Maintenance and a mass of other really useful Links  to Articles on Control Valves. 

Emerson Process Management has released an updated version of its Fisher® Specification Manager software, enhancing ease of use and adding flexibility to this widely-utilized valve selection tool. Designed for engineers who select and specify control valves, the Fisher Specification Manager software package features a clear, sequential process to such tasks as building ISA specification sheets, predicting valve operating noise levels, and exporting dimensional data for Fisher and Baumann™ control valves.

Mission Possible - Analog-to-Digital Valve Upgrades - Sandro Esposito - A transformation is underway in process control, as a wide variety of new digital devices have been introduced in recent years, and a growing number of facilities have installed them. The transition is still a work in progress, however. Some process control facilities have simply been a bit slower to adopt digital valve positioners, for example, as they seek to become more comfortable with this unfamiliar technology. Others have made the switch to digital devices, but have maintained an “analog mindset” and use the digital positioners as they did their analog predecessors.  The status quo is maintained and technologies that could help plant operators save time, money and frustration while potentially improving product quality and enhancing safety, are either not adopted or are underutilized. The first step in making the transition to digital valve positioners is understanding how they can be easily and cost-effectively implemented in a facility. This article will begin to bridge that gap by reviewing the various technologies available and highlighting the steps that should be taken to help ensure a successful transition. In addition, it will explain how plant operators can achieve what many consider to be a “mission impossible” – i.e., “hot cutover,” or switching to a digital valve positioner while the process workflow continues uninterrupted - from Kentrol and Flow Control.

Control Systems

Covering vast array of technical subjects on Control Systems such as Advanced Process Control, Alarm Management, Batch Control, Cascade Control, Compressor Surge Control, Control Room Design, Control Forums, Fuzzy Logic, Decentralised Control,  Pneumatic Controllers,  Process Sequence Control Documentation Standards, Programmable Automation Controllers, Loop Tuning and much more.

ICEweb Advertising - Did you realise that there are over 500 pages on ICEweb!! This includes the very popular Control Systems page which is available for sponsorship, for details please contact ICEnews 

Sponsorship of many GREAT pages are available to advertisers. 

Page exclusive sponsorship for a year with your logo in a prominent position.

All technical information will have live links to your company.

 ICEweb will search for suitable technical information from your website and include this in a priority position on the page.

To sponsor/advertise in  ICEweb, please contact Jim Russell, ICEweb Director.  

Automatically Find Root Cause of Upsets - ExperTune’s PlantTriage software now automatically finds the root cause of process upsets. The latest advance, “Root Cause Finder™”, automates the in-depth analysis that was previously performed by an experienced engineer. The new technology works by evaluating correlations between instrument readings throughout an entire manufacturing facility. Upsets that start in one part of the plant are reflected in the data patterns from other parts of the plant. By evaluating the correlations between these patterns, and the time-shift from one to the other, PlantTriage is able to determine the most likely sources of process variation.

Control Loop Optimisation: Theory Versus Practice - Michael Brown - Virtually all feedback control courses worldwide are presented theoretically. This is understandable, feedback control theory was largely developed back in the early 1900s by some of the world’s leading mathematicians, including Bode, Nyquist and the father of PID, Nichols. However, mostly mathematicians do not come from planet Earth but from the extraordinary planet Mathematica where the denizens speak the strange language of Mathematics, extremely difficult for ordinary mortals to understand. The result is that the vast majority of control people arrive in a plant after graduating to find that apart from a few very individuals, no one involved in practical control uses any mathematics. This is because there are no practical mathematical models of the process transfer functions that take real-world imperfections into account. So, people cannot use the things they have learnt at school and they resort to learning to ‘fly by the seat of their pants’ and follow the path of PID ‘knob twiddling’ in the hope that this will solve the control problems - from SA Instrumentation & Control.

Replacing Aging Process Automation Systems - Finding the Best Option - Today, for a variety of reasons, tremendous pressures are building that will require plant managers to update their aging automation systems during the next decade. Defining the need for and exploring alternative approaches to this modernization of manufacturing systems is the subject of this report - from Invensys

Free Webinar: Troubleshooting of SCADA and Data Acquisition System - Wednesday 7th December 2011 - After this 45 minute session you will be able to: Describe a simple SCADA and Data Acquisition System, Indicate a SCADA communications structure, List four troubleshooting techniques for eliminating SCADA problems - from the Engineering Institute of Technology.

Free Webinar: Using Alarms to Improve Process Operation and Achieve Business Objectives and KPI's - Wednesday 8th February, 2012 - Attend this complimentary session and be introduced to the first method to easily and quickly find values for many alarm limits simultaneously by relating alarms to an Operating Envelope of the process. Throughout the 45 minute sessions, the following topics will be covered: How Alarms, Process Control and the Achievement of Operating Objectives and KPI's are unified by an Operating Envelope, How to find an Operating Envelope from process history data, The procedure for extracting alarm limits and predicting Annunciation Rates and Standing Alarm Counts before implementation, How to extend the procedure to cover multi-mode processes, A brief look at Dynamic Alerts, Some results achieved by others - from the Engineering Institute of Technology.


Need to know about a corrosion issue? You are likely to find an answer in these pages.

Corrosion and Sand Monitoring System - Emerson Process Management has launched its range of Roxar CorrLog & SandLog Wireless transmitters. The new system combines Emerson’s Smart Wireless technology with Roxar corrosion and sand monitoring instrumentation to provide a complete wireless integrity management solution for protecting operators’ downstream and upstream assets.

Condition Monitoring  

We are looking for more technical papers in this area.

Pump Health Monitoring - Protecting Your Pumps, Production, and People - With More Than 2⁄3 of Your Pumps Unmonitored, Which One Might Threaten Production Today? -  What if you had a cost effective, easy to apply solution for monitoring these pumps 24/7? Being able to detect changes in process variables and equipment condition are the keys to avoiding pump damage, environmental incidents and negative business impact. But not all pumps traditionally met the cost threshold for investing in these kinds of monitoring systems. Now, thanks to Emerson’s Smart Wireless technologies and integrated approach to equipment protection, the engineering requirement and cost of applying predictive technologies is no longer an obstacle. Without wires, trenching or complex engineering diagrams, having the protection you need is now affordable for nearly all of your pumps.

Onshore Condition Monitoring of Offshore Valve Assemblies - Niklas Lindfors and Jarkko Räty - Especially in the offshore sector, there is strong emphasis on minimizing the number of staff working in hazardous offshore environments, without impacting on reliability. At the same time, it is expected that the availability of production and the life cycle costs of process equipment should be optimised. These requirements create the need to improve the capability to analyse control-valve data from offshore applications - to focus and plan service actions well in advance. In other words, to enhance the utilization of existing technologies and increase the use of specialist know-how in order to enable offshore personnel to carry out the required tasks effectively, safely and with minimal labour and disturbance to the process itself. (Go to page 4 to access this information).

Data Loggers 

There are numerous Data Logger technical papers and articles to our thanks to our valued sponsor HINCO.

Dynamic Process Simulators and Training Systems  

Plenty of information on this subject.


Many pages with Numerous Technical Links and White Papers on various Electrical Subjects.

COMING SOON! - The Quick Guide to Reading Electrical Schematics - If you've been hunting for a quick and easy guide book that shows how to read electrical schematics, you've come to the right place! This ebook is due for release anytime soon and is eagerly awaited by many. Interested? You can pre-order your copy by sending an email to 

Free Guide Available to Evaluate Water-Damaged Electrical Equipment - This guide provides advice on the safe handling of electrical equipment that has been exposed to water and outlines items that require complete replacement or that can be reconditioned by a trained professional. Equipment covered in the document includes electrical distribution equipment, motor circuits, power equipment, transformers, wire, cable and flexible cords, wiring devices, GFCIs and surge protectors, lighting fixtures and ballasts, motors, and electronic products

The True Cost of UPS and Batteries - A Tutorial - This is a brief discussion of the present day state of uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) under 10kVA, the largest UPS market segment, and their battery technology. They make up the bulk of the UPS units installed worldwide for business, industrial, scientific, IT and home applications. Since the UPS market is very large the UPS business has become very competitive, with a large number of domestic and international UPS manufacturers to choose from. Unfortunately, the selection is so large that consumers off all types, from a scientific laboratory to automated production, are often mislead into buying a UPS on price alone, without fully understanding what they are buying or available options. For home users this is typically not a problem, as they simply want to backup their home computer long enough to allow the operating system to perform an orderly shutdown. For the other applications referenced, users face a costly learning experience if they buy a UPS on cost alone. 

2011 NEC Code Changes in Overcurrent and Surge Protection - Covers Required Short Circuit Current Ratings (SCCR), New Markings for Available Fault Current, Short Circuit Protection of Conductors, Arc Flash Danger from Some Circuit Breakers, Over Voltage Protection-SPDs, Group Motor Protection Requires Branch Rating, MV Motor Protection Requires Engineering Supervision, Safe Disconnecting Means for Transformers, PV Systems Require Listed Protection and Selective Coordination Requirements Modified - from Mersen.

Electrical and Instrumentation Enclosures  


Thanks to our sponsor Weidmuller you can find information on Cabinet design, construction, NEMA and IP ratings, Maintenance, EMC and lots more! This page has been completely reworked and the following links added.

Instrumentation, Control, Electrical, Fire & Gas and SIS Design Engineering

AVEVA Instrumentation - Instrument and Systems Engineering, Design, Documentation and Management for the Entire Plant Lifecycle

AVEVA Instrumentation is a proven, feature-rich software suite for Instrumentation and Control engineering. Its advanced graphical user interfaces, extensive use of design rules and catalogues for data creation, and maximum workflow flexibility make AVEVA Instrumentation the preferred choice for projects of all sizes. Stand-alone or fully integrated, AVEVA Instrumentation is functionally rich, both for the EPC in design and for the Owner Operator in everyday plant operations. An extensive range of customisable deliverables may be created, including: Cable Block Diagrams, Loop Diagrams, Instrument Index, Datasheets, Hookup Diagrams, Termination Diagrams, Cable Schedules and Bill of Materials.

Top Ten Instrumentation Headaches - AVEVA spoke to instrumentation and control experts across the industry and identified no less than ten key areas where other vendors’ instrumentation design technologies fail to meet engineers’ and designers’ requirements. These are the top ten headaches that the engineers and designers face on a daily basis. The good news is that companies can avoid these headaches entirely by deploying the ‘visual engineering’ approach at the heart of AVEVA’s field-proven instrumentation solution. Register to read the full paper here.

A Shocking Waste of Money - Eight Reasons Why Electrical Design Costs More Than it Should - Electrical engineering and design is one of the most complex and demanding challenges facing EPCs and shipbuilders, in new builds, in-plant projects, and marine refit. Recent capital expenditure on electrical engineering and design has been estimated to reach $3 billion in the hydrocarbon plant industry alone. But should we be shocked by this figure? Surely such a complex discipline necessarily comes with a high price tag? Expense is inevitable, certainly. But wastefulness is unforgivable. Unfortunately, the technology used to plan and design electrical systems, just like that used to design instrumentation and control systems, is often just that – wasteful. Because it has been developed with little regard for engineers’ and designers’ natural working methods, it results in cumbersome and error-prone methods of handling data, and prevents users from making effective technical use of the natural synergies that exist between many activities. Register to read the full paper here

AVEVA – the world's leading engineering software provider, whose vision and commitment have completely redefined the plant, power and marine industries.

Find out more about AVEVA Instrumentation and other products here

Free Webinar: Project Management Essentials - Wednesday 23rd November 2011 - After this 45 minute session you will be able to: Describe the Fundamental components of project management and Detail the key elements of time / cost / risk and contract management - from the Engineering Institute of Technology.

ESD Valves - Shutdown and Blowdown 

This comprehensive page includes  technical and design information on  Emergency Shutdown Valves, Shutdown Valves, Blowdown Valves, Actuators, Fire Safe Actuators, ESD Valve Fire Shelter and Partial Stroke Testing.

Taking Safety Valve Testing to the Next Level - Juha Kivelä - Today’s safety engineers face increasing challenges every day. Safety requirements are becoming more and more demanding, while the global market situation is simultaneously creating constant pressure to reduce costs. The IEC61511 safety standard requirements state that industrial processing plants must determine the Safety Integrity Level (SIL) for all the different areas of the plant. Based on the area SIL classifications, the plants must then be able to dispatch quantifiable proof of compliance with the requirements.

Bringing Intelligence to On-Off valves and Simplifying On-Off Valve Instrumentation - Juha Kivelä - Traditionally, on-off valves have been instrumented by at least a separate solenoid valve and limit switches. Quite often the desired functionality cannot be achieved by using only a solenoid valve and limit switches, which means that additional pneumatic accessories are needed. For example, if the process requires precise valve opening or closing stroke times, these cannot be guaranteed by using only a solenoid valve; but there is also a need for some extra accessories such as throttle valves.


These pages cover; Coriolis, Metering,  Multiphase, Orifice Plates, Ultrasonic, Thermal, V-Cone, Vortex and more!

Flowmeter Performance - (excerpt from The Consumer Guide to Magnetic Flowmeters) - By David W. Spitzer - The purpose of installing a flowmeter system is to measure flow accurately in a reliable manner. Whereas issues dealing with physical properties, process parameters, electronic features, and interconnections are often considered extensively, the quantification of the expected measurement quality of the installed flowmeter can be virtually neglected. Often, relatively little emphasis is given as to how well the flowmeter will perform its intended purpose. Adding to the confusion are the differences in the manner in which performance is expressed and the incomplete nature of the available information. Nonetheless, the quality of flow measurement should be a prime concern.

Magnetic Flowmeter Performance Claims - (excerpt from The Consumer Guide to Magnetic Flowmeters) - By David W. Spitzer - For the most part, the claims made regarding magnetic flowmeters are likely true statements, even though they may seem extraordinary. The problem is that the statement may be incomplete, and not include certain facts and information that clarify the statement. Sometimes claims are simplified for convenience and easier understanding. However, in many cases, further investigation often reveals other motives for doing so.

Downhole Flow Sensor System - Emerson Process Management has launched its new downhole flow sensor system. The new system will, for the first time, generate multiphase flow measurements from downhole in the well, leading to increased operator understanding of reservoir flow and zonal contributions from wells and increased production control and optimisation.

Fire and Gas

Technical Papers covering many aspects of Fire and Gas Engineering. Thanks to Honeywell Analytics this page has been extensively re-modelled with many new links added.

Honeywell Analytics Gas Book - This updated handbook is intended to offer a simple guide to anyone considering the use of gas detection equipment. It provides an explanation of both the principles involved and the instrumentation needed for satisfactory protection of personnel, plant and environment. The aim has been to answer as many as possible of the most commonly asked questions about the selection and use of industrial gas detection equipment.

PFEER regulations (1995) – for offshore installations for the Prevention of Fire and Explosion and Emergency Response. They came into force 20th June 1995. They are law in the UK. In summary these regulations state the person or company responsible for an installation is also responsible for protecting persons on the installation from fire and explosion and securing effective emergency response. This implies many requirements, one of them being that a suitable means of informing people on the installation of certain alarm states (with sounders and or speech / PA systems, beacons may also be required to supplement the audible signals). There must be provision for three types of alarm on the installation / platform,

  1. Prepare for evacuation of installation / platform
  2. Toxic gas - (also where necessary red beacon / strobe)
  3. Other cases for alarm (Fire) (also where necessary yellow beacon / strobe)
    From e2S

Sound Pressure Level - Sound is defined as any pressure variation that can be heard by the human ear. This means an average range of frequencies from 20Hz to 20kHz.In terms of sound pressure level, audible sounds range from the threshold of hearing at 0 dB to the threshold of pain which can be over 130 dB - from e2S.

Beacons as used in Fire, Gas and Evacuation Alarm Systems - Covers Luminous sources, Effectiveness & range, Siting of a beacon and IEC 73 - A visual signal (also known as beacon, flash-alarm or strobe) is a luminous source within a coloured transparent enclosure and is used in many applications not least as a reinforcement to an audible signal in the event of danger, warning or machine / system process - from e2S.

Audible warning devices and Designing them Effectively in to Fire and Evacuation Alarm Systems - All emergency systems contain audible and visual signals to alert people of danger once a hazard has been detected. It is now accepted that in most systems a form of electronic sounder is initiated via a control panel in order to evacuate or alert people. Many countries have a national ‘evacuate tone’, i.e. Germany, France, Holland, Australia etc. The UK does not. BS5839 Part 1 merely states that the evacuate tone should contain frequencies within the range of 500Hz to 1000Hz. Fire alarm system designers are in the main very comfortable with designing sounders into normal environments such as offices, hotels etc. as they have a relatively low ambient background noise, most areas are fairly small and may be covered with a sounder(s) of approx. 100dB(A) at 1 metre or a 6” bell. The locations of these sounders are usually based on experience of previous systems or applications and common sense - from e2S.

NEMA Publishes NEMA SB 11 Guide for Proper Use of System Smoke Detectors - Developed by the Signalling Protection and Communication Section, the guide, now published with the SB 11 designation, provides technical information on basic fire alarm systems with a focus on early-warning smoke detection devices. Early warning smoke detection has contributed to saving more than 90,000 lives since 1970. This guide covers smoke detectors connected to a control panel, and has been updated to include the technology advancements over the past 10 years.

NEMA Publishes ICS 14 & ICS 15 for Electric Fire Pump Controllers - NEMA ICS 14 is intended to provide general guidelines for the proper application of fire pump controllers. The emphasis of the guidelines is to stress those considerations specific to fire pump installations. The guidelines in NEMA ICS 15 are provided to facilitate movement, handling, installation, and maintenance of electric fire pump controllers at the job site and to help avoid personal injury and equipment damage during these processes.  The information includes handling, storage, installation of conduits, cables, and wires, pre-energization and energization, care and maintenance

Hazardous Areas Instrumentation and Electrical Equipment

A huge technical library of Technical Information covering a wide range of Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas.

Hazardous Area e-courses from Abhisam Software

Hazardous Area Instrumentation e-learning Course. The online version is now available for US$135 or the direct download is just US$150. It covers; Area and Material classification, Different standards used for hazardous areas, including the later regulations like ATEX, Different methods of protection such as Explosion proof, Intrinsic Safety, Increased Safety, Pressurization and Purging, Non-incendive and some more methods too, Implementation of Fieldbus systems in hazardous areas, Selection of  the best method of protection for your application, in your plant or facility, Certification and labelling of instruments, learn what a label means and how to maintain the safety and integrity of a hazardous area installation in your plant. See the New Video

Practical Guide to Hazardous Area Classification - Hazardous Area Classification :A Lack Of Knowledge Can Cost You Your Job, Your Money, Your Business... Even Your Life! This is a practical guide to classifying hazardous areas in your plant or facility- Learn everything you need to know about hazardous area classification...including gas, vapour and dust explosions, various area, materials and temperature classifications, the differences in various standards. Also includes a practical case study of an actual area classification exercise, with actual engineering drawings and photos, details on the state of area classification in today's process plants and facilities along with the pitfalls of wrong area classification. Importantly it details how you can SAVE MONEY and MAKE YOUR PLANT SAFER with proper area classification. The cost?  Only US$47.

Quality Systems for Ex Equipment - New IEC Standard to be used as basis for IECEx certification - This International Standard specifies requirements for a quality system that can be used by an organization for the production of equipment and protective systems for explosive atmospheres. This standard is written in the form of using ISO 9001 for the base requirements and format, and then adding additional specific requirements to relevant clauses for explosive atmospheres. It also contains a detailed informative annex with information relevant to particular types of protection and specific products.

Intrinsically Safe Digital Camera with Flash & Unique Voice Annotation Function - This Zone 0 intrinsically safe camera is ATEX and IECEx certified and can be used in all sectors of industry. These include Chemical & Pharmaceutical plants, Oil & Gas production platforms, Refineries and Emergency Services to name but a few. A pretty useful tool!

Industrial Video Announces H.264 Hazardous Area IP Cameras - Industrial Video and Control (IVC) expanded their hazardous area product line with the introduction of H.264 cameras designed and certified for use in hazardous areas. IVC now offers Class I Division 1 and Class I Division 2 PTZ dome and ATEX PTZ cameras that support H.264 encoding.

Australian and New Zealand Ex Standard Updates

AS/NZS 60079.11:2011 Explosive atmospheres - Equipment protection by intrinsic safety 'i'

AS/NZS 60079.15:2011 Explosive atmospheres - Equipment protection by type of protection ‘n’

AS/NZS 60079.10.2:2011 Explosive atmospheres - Classification of areas - Combustible dust atmospheres

New Standard AS/NZS 60079.31:2011 Explosive atmospheres - Equipment dust ignition protection by enclosure ‘t’

NOPSA Safety Alert - Electrical equipment suitable for use in hazardous areas - An operator recently purchased a forklift truck supplied to the facility operator as being suitable for use in Class1 Zone1 hazardous areas. During a recent planned regulatory inspection, however, NOPSA queried the validity of the “Certificate of Conformity”, which was a self-certification by the manufacturer. On further investigation the forklift was found to be non-compliant with the relevant Australian Standards for use of electrical equipment in hazardous areas.

High Integrity Pressure Protection Systems - (HIPPS)  

A swag of information on this interesting subject.


Need some Technical Information on Hydraulics?  Look at ICEweb's page. 

Instrumentation Valves, Tubing  and Fittings  

ICEweb has very comprehensive pages on this subject. 

Guidelines for the Management of Flexible Hose Assemblies - The Guidelines for the Management of Flexible Hose Assemblies supersede the 2003 Flexible Hose Management Guidelines. The purpose of the new guidance is to assist operators of offshore installations, drilling facilities and onshore plants with the management of flexible hose assemblies (FHAs) through provision of controls and procedures that are necessary to ensure continued integrity through their lifecycle from manufacture through to decommissioning. Although not a free resource this is an important safety issue for oil and gas operators and anyone who uses flexible hoses. Just scroll down to HS017 2011.

Laser Instrumentation  

Technical Information on Laser Level and Other Laser Instrumentation Applications.

Thanks to our sponsor Zedflo Australia ICEweb's Laser Instrumentation page has been extensively upgraded.

Laser Level Measurement - David W. Spitzer - The basics, a short description - Part 1 and Part 2 - from


Technical Information covering a wide range of level subjects including General Theory, Capacitance, Displacer, Float/Magnetic, Radar, Ultrasonic, Boiler Level and more!  

Please support our Level Page sponsor Austral-Powerflo Solutions, see all their Magnetrol Level solutions on the page.

Non-Contact Radar Level Measurement - David W. Spitzer - Some basic technical information.

Demystifying Non-contact Gauge Performance Statements -David W. Spitzer - Currently, there are at least 30 different methods for stating the performance of noncontact gauges, making it nearly impossible for users to compare and contrast level measurement devices against each other. Level measurement systems perform a relatively basic function — they determine the inventory of a contained material. But selecting a level measurement instrument is far from simple, especially when one considers the wide variety of performance statement methodologies users must decipher when evaluating noncontact level gauges. While there are many level measurement systems that can gauge the inventory of liquid in a vessel, the number of viable solutions decreases significantly when the vessel is agitated and/or operates at high temperatures. Further, foaming and the effects of filling and emptying the vessel can result in added complication. Therefore, level measurement applications require careful engineering, which demands that users have a clear understanding of the actual meaning of different supplier performance specifications - from Flow Control.

New Technologies

This section of ICEweb is dedicated to new and emerging technologies.


Covers General Theory,  Technical Papers,  Transmitters, Regulators, Safety Tips, Blockage Tool and more Pressure Related Technologies.

Pressure Relief Valves

This must be just about the world's most comprehensive Pressure Relief Valve resource covering Technical Papers, Technical  Manuals, Engineering Handbook, Calculations, Sizing, Selection and Relief Design.

The Pressure Relief  Valve page is available for sponsorship and gets an average MASSIVE 900 page views per month. As an ICEnews "special" we are offering a 50% discount on this page for the first year. Contact ICEweb for further information.

Pilot Operated Relief Valves - It is a common question asked amongst process engineers on why use a pilot valve for a particular application ? The following article answers this question and provide some insights into the different types of pilot valves available on the market today and their many features and benefits - thanks to ICEweb Sponsor Austral-Powerflo Solutions.

Rupture Discs

Specifications, Standards, Technical Papers and Articles.

Getting the Most Out of Your Rupture Disc - For Optimum Rupture Disc Performance, Pay Attention to Installation, Operation and Maintenance - Dean Miller - Rupture disc devices provide overpressure protection for a variety of storage and process vessels and equipment. The objective of the rupture disc is to maintain a leak tight seal and be a passive bystander until called upon to relieve excess pressure. While this is generally the case, there are times when rupture disc performance can be adversely affected through various installation, operation and maintenance practices. This article reviews some of these practices, real-life observed consequences, and corrective or preventative measures that can improve rupture disc performance - from Fike Corporation.

Bursting Disc Technology - Some useful information from Marston Technologies.

An Introduction to Rupture Disc Technology - from BS&B


This comprehensive page has numerous technical papers on Process Control Security issues

Siemens PLC Security Vulnerabilities – It Just Gets Worse - A new article by Eric Byres has been posted on the Practical SCADA Security blog.

Insider Threat to Utilities – More Focus Needed on Critical Components - Recently the Unites States’ Department of Homeland Security (DHS) released a report on “Insider Threat to Utilities” that has been getting a lot of attention in the mainstream media. While released “For Official Use Only (FOUO)”, the report has been posted on the Internet and portions of it have received considerable media coverage. Unfortunately media coverage so far tends to focus on the dramatic, such as the potential threat of Al-Qaeda attacks on the ten year anniversary of 9/11, and don’t actually help utility owner operators secure their systems.  In this article Eric Byres share his thoughts on how critical infrastructure operators need to extend the report’s recommendations to include additional protective measures.

New SCADA Security Reality: Assume a Security Breach - This article highlights that sometimes the "fortress" mentality on security does not work.

Antivirus Protection for PLCs – Not Enough on its Own - If any security expert claims systems can be secured by just using antivirus products on the Windows computers in a control system, they are crazy, irresponsible or both. Antivirus (AV) technology helps protect the plant floor, but it is not enough on its own. For the most part, AV software only works if you have a signature, which is great for dealing with well known common malware like Conficker. Unfortunately, there is no signature for a worm using a zero-day vulnerability. Stuxnet proved that – it was in the wild for a year before there were any signatures available. Antivirus software did not spot the worm for that year.

SCADA Cyber Security Problems – Just How Common are the Programming Errors? - This interesting article by Rob Hulsebos has been posted on the Practical SCADA Security blog - Find out how and why common programming errors still exist in today’s SCADA systems.

SCADA Security and the Broken Business Model for Software Testing - David Alexander - Recently Rob Hulsebos wrote an article for this blog where he raised the perennial problem of programming errors contributing to security vulnerability. I have a newsflash for you - this isn’t new. It may be a new concept to some in the world of Industrial Control Systems, but it’s been a problem for software engineers since about 5 seconds after the first ever program successfully compiled.

Severe Service Control Valves  

A swag of technical papers can be found here.

Solenoid Valves  

This is a comprehensive Technical Reference on Solenoids 

ASCO Introduces Stainless Steel Pilot Valves for Offshore Applications - The series’ unique design eliminates the dormancy or “sticking” problems that can occur in control valves installed in the pneumatic logic panels that control monitoring safety systems in offshore oil and gas production facilities.

Fluid Automation:The Unsung Contributor to Plant Economic Performance - A Management Brief From ASCO Numatics - Wherever goods and materials are manufactured, processed, or packaged, the process often depends on fluid automation components. These include fluid control products such as solenoid pilot valves, angle body piston valves, linear valve position indicators, redundant control systems, and pressure sensors. They also comprise fluid power products, which provide pneumatic and motion control. Examples: valve manifolds; filters, regulators, lubricators (FRLs); actuators or cylinders; grippers; slides; and gantries. New technologies and forward-thinking business developments have made these offerings faster and more reliable than ever before. Managers across the spectrum, from OEMs to end users, have begun to appreciate how often these fluid automation components play quiet but critical roles in total plant economic performance. Making even small changes in their performance can change the whole rhythm of the operation. So you prevent losses and drive gains throughout the business.

Current Concerns How Some Supervisory and Leakage Currents Can Affect Today’s Low-Power Solenoid Valves - Manny Arceo and Jack Haller - As fluid automation users embrace the advantages of new devices that draw unprecedentedly low levels of power, a few users are experiencing application issues that don’t occur with older, higher-power-consumption equipment. These issues centre around supervisory and leakage currents generated by input/output (I/O) control systems. Such currents can cause problems when interacting with new low-power components such as solenoid valves and sensors. This paper will review concerns that can arise when applying low-power and electronically enhanced solenoid valves within certain control systems. It will outline the limited set of cases where problems can exist, and explain how to identify such cases. Finally, it will provide tips and suggestions for possible workarounds or solutions that users might consider after consulting I/O system manufacturers or their manuals.

The Insider’s Guide To Applying Miniature Solenoid Valves - Equipment designers frequently must incorporate miniature solenoid valves into their pneumatic designs. These valves are important components of medical devices and instrumentation as well as environmental, analytical, and similar product applications. However, all too often, designers find themselves frustrated. They face compromise after compromise. Pressure for increasingly miniaturized devices complicates every step of the design and valve selection process. And missteps can wreak havoc. How do designers balance the needs for reliability, extended service life, and standards compliance against often-contradictory performance requirements such as light weight, high flow, and optimum power use? This report consolidates the expert views of designers and manufacturers with wide experience applying miniature solenoid valves for myriad uses across multiple industries. It presents a true insider’s guide to which requirements are critical for common applications. It also highlights new valve technologies that may lessen or eliminate those troubling compromises.

A New ICEweb Page - Specialist Oil & Gas Valves 

Technical information on Cryogenic Ball, Gate, Globe and Check Valves - In the Oil and Gas  industy, valves are exposed to some of the most extreme conditions imaginable. Corrosive and erosive environments and extremely high and low temperatures for example, require tough equipment, tough materials and tight tolerances. The technical links here provide engineering solutions. Check out our sponsor Prochem who have these solutions.

Surge and Lightning Protection  

It will never happen to me? Don't you believe it...Globally, some 2000 on-going thunderstorms cause about 100 lightning strikes to earth each second!! This page provides a comprehensive range of links to help resolve the potential effects.

Test and Calibration

Technical Papers and Articles on  how to test and calibrate along with typical equipment. Thanks to our sponsor Zedflo Australia ICEweb's Test and Calibration Instruments page has been extensively upgraded.

Terminals -  Electrical and Instrumentation Wiring  

Need to know how to wire and terminate your control consoles, marshalling cabinets and junction boxes?   Thanks to our sponsor Weidmüller ICEweb's Electrical and Instrumentation Terminals page has some great information 


Covering a whole range of temperature measuring techniques along with General Theory, Conversions, Selection and Application this page must be your first choice when looking for quality technical information.

The First Ever Distributed Temperature Sensor for Natural Resource Production Operations - Yokogawa Electric Corporation have announced the release of a distributed temperature that  is used in production operations to monitor temperature changes in underground oil sand and oil shale formations and the like. The development of unconventional resources has been attracting attention as alternatives to oil. When heavy oil is extracted from oil sands by using steam or some other means, it is necessary to monitor the underground temperature to ensure efficient collection. To monitor temperature changes in underground formations that contain heavy oil, an optical fiber is fed into a well and the acquired data are used for controlling production.

A New ICEweb Page - Valve Actuators

JUST HAVE A LOOK AT THIS PAGE! A huge repository of information on Actuators including Compact Actuator Solutions and Systems, Subsea Valve Actuator Applications, Offshore Valve Actuator Applications, Safety Related Systems Valve Actuator Systems, Spring Return Hydraulic Actuators,  Spring Return Pneumatic Actuators, Compact Double Block & Bleed (DBB) Valve Actuators, Double Acting Actuator, Valve Actuator General Information, Scotch Yoke Design Valve Actuators, Firesafe Actuators,  Hydraulic Actuator Design and Operation, Electrical Actuator Design and Operation, Control Valve Actuator Design and Operation and Valve Actuator Accessories. Check out our sponsor Prochem who have these solutions.


ICEwebs Valveweb page has been completely reworked to help you get to your required information quickly and efficiently.

Composite Valves - Thanks to our sponsor Austral-Powerflo Solutions ICEweb's Composite Valve page has been completely reworked and the following links have been added;

Specialist Power Plant Valves - Thanks to our sponsor Austral-Powerflo Solutions ICEweb's Specialist Power Plant Valve page has been completely reworked and the following links have been added;

Variable Speed Drives

Check out ICEweb's Variable Speed Drives Page. We are looking for more technical papers on these and other Electrical subjects. 

The Quick Guide to AC Variable Frequency Drives - Variable Frequency Drives are growing in importance every day as you see them being increasingly used The reason is easy. Variable Frequency Drives are the best thing that ever happened to the ac induction motor, as you can now control these motors in a variety of ways, which were not at all possible earlier. However, information on how to use these drives is not very easily available. Your search is over! Download now the quick guide to ac variable frequency drives immediately and never have to search for anything else on VFDs again! Price only US$57


Information and News on Safety Instrumented Systems , Burner Management Systems, Manufacturing & Safety Automation,  and Health & Safety.

Thanks to our sponsor Invensys Triconex ICEweb's Safety Instrumented Systems page has been extensively upgraded with the addition of 31 technical papers - so if you need more information on SIS just go to this page as a first "port of call"! 

Comprehensive E-learning course on Safety Instrumented Systems -from Abhisam Software 

E-learning course on SAFETY INSTRUMENTED SYSTEMS This comprehensive course covers ALL aspects of Safety Instrumented Systems in seven modules including ; Basic Concepts of SIS, Hazard & Risk Analysis, Failures & Reliability, Safety Integrity Level - Includes how to assess and verify Safety Integrity Level (SIL) , Standards used in SIS and SIS in practice including maintenance.. For full details of the contents see here
Price is an unbelievable US$ 399! Please send your requirement to .

Coming Soon - E-learning Course on VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) - This e-learning course will cover VOCs in detail, with worked examples, interactive animated simulations, real plant photos and examples/case studies. If you've been hunting for an easy to understand training course on VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds), you've come to the right place, but just a wee bit early. That's great, because you are now eligible for an "early bird unbelievable discount offer"! Claim it by sending an email to  For those of you who do not know what VOCs are look here.

Redundant OPC Connections to your Triconex System - Triconex Safety PLCs are known for their redundancy. Maintaining that level of redundancy when connecting to the process control layer can be a challenge. MatrikonOPC’s Server for Triconex enables you to maintain redundancy even at the OPC level. Not only can the OPC Server for Triconex handle redundant NCM connections, it is also the world’s only Achilles Certified OPC Server (cyber-security tested by Wurldtech). The MatrikonOPC Server for Triconex provides high-speed read and write access to the Triconex Tricon and Trident. The server supports all available point types, full communication redundancy and fail-over when a connection goes down. The server can communicate via the new TCM (Triconex Communications Module), and the NCM (Network Communications Module), with no DCOM issues.

When SIL Suitability is Required for Final Control Elements- Riyaz Ali - Final control elements (control valves or safety shut down valves) are the key components of any closed loop control system, whether used for a basic process control system (BPCS) or for a safety instrumented system (SIS). Financial constraints derive different constructions of valves suitable for throttling vs. on-off applications. However, due to past accidents, reliability has become a key criterion for valve selection process. Many of process industries based on their plant specific experience are tempted to use control valves for safety shut down applications, specifically smaller size valves, which may not be cost-prohibitive. This article provides clarity on when to assign the SIL suitability for valves used in different scenarios (process control vs. safety shut down) and establish criterion to assign safety integrity level (SIL) applicability for “final element”.

Automatic Shutdown Industry Example Systems & Methodology - David Ransome - Covers the Safety Lifecycle, Hazard and Risk assessment, Safety Instrumented Functions & Safety Requirements Specifications, Safety Integrity Levels, Safety Instrumented Function, Design of Safety Instrumented System, Sensors, Logic Solvers, Final Elements along with applications for Rail Tanker, Ship Offloading, Pipeline Transfer and Jetty Transfer Systems, This presentation is reasonably useful, it is a shame that it does not come with the audio as well though - from eemua

Coker Drum Safety System for Crude Oil Refineries - The Coker Drum Safety System prevents unsafe actions by coker drums operators - The SIS-TECH Coker Drum Safety System (CDSS) automatically inhibits the opening of valves under unsafe process conditions. In a crude oil refinery, this prevents the release of hydrocarbons and/or hydrogen sulphide to the atmosphere, or introduction of hydrocarbons to an open drum. The CDSS logic solver makes sure that an in-service drum is not opened to the atmosphere, or that an open drum is not placed in service.

International Recommendations on Well Incident Prevention, Intervention and Response - In response to accidents such as Macondo and Montara, the leadership of the international oil & gas industry has worked together to develop recommendations for improving well incident prevention, intervention and response capability. The output from this work is now available.

Deterioration of Technical Disciplines and Merger - "The PSA has noted with anticipation that StatoilHydro wants to take the best from both companies and improve performance as regards safety. It will be difficult to achieve this when new groups of competent employees are likely to accept the voluntary resignation package and leave the company. There is a risk that entire technical groups will be lost. In today's market it is extremely difficult to recruit new employees with comparable expertise," - A 2008 release from PSA Norway which is food for thought today.

Call to Arms against Leaks and Well Incidents - The Petroleum Safety Authority Norway (PSA) has asked the industry to propose specific measures for reducing the number of hydrocarbon leaks and well control incidents on the Norwegian continental shelf.

Now Available from Abhisam Software! HAZOP (Hazard and Operability Study) e-learning course with CERTIFICATION of COMPETENCY - HAZOP study (short for Hazard and Operability Study) is a well known hazard analysis tool used for process safety management and HSE risk assessment of plants and facilities. However, there are very few training courses out there that teach the HAZOP study technique thoroughly well, in a structured manner. Ditto for books-many of them are outdated and not as relevant as they once were. Hence Abhisam Software created this e-learning course, so that you need not refer to boring, outdated and irrelevant books to learn HAZOP. What you need is a practical, "why-we-do-it and how-to-do-it" training course and this is it! This e-learning course covers HAZOP in detail, that will make you a pro in hazard and risk analysis, HSE risk assessment and related areas of process safety management. It is NOT merely somebody's outdated boring power point slide presentation or a text book in electronic format. It is a full fledged e-learning course with interactive animations & simulations, videos, worked examples, HAZOP worksheet templates and much more! Forget attending classroom training with boring Powerpoint Slides, this e-learning course will have plenty of graphics and interactive animations that make learning so much more easier and fun! Besides you can also get a Certificate of Competency in HAZOP if you take our online test after completing this course. There is no additional charge for this! 

Manufacturing and Automation Safety

See ICEweb's comprehensive page which covers a huge volume of super information on this subject!  


Software and Tools that will help with engineering design. Really excellent free tools to help you in your job and at home can be found on ICEweb’s “Tools” page.

A New ICEweb Page - Instrument Signal Conditioners, Signal Concentrators, Transmitters, Transducers, Isolators and Converters

This brand new page covers technical aspects of all the above devices! The signal problem solver from Moore Industries is very useful, have a look at it along with many other useful links here.

Remote Emergency Shutdown Device Improves Safety and Performance at Oil Production Platform - Jim McConahay and Richard Conway -When Italian multinational oil and gas company ENI Petroleum needed help designing a real-time communications link to its Devil’s Tower oil well platform off the coast of Louisiana, they turned to Moore Industries for help. By integrating our NCS NET Concentrator System® into their communications system, ENI Petroleum has developed a reliable method for dealing with potential emergency situations that meets new federal regulations and reduces the possibility of false shutdowns - from Moore Industries.

Instrumentation Technology - Techweb

A Gateway to a huge amount of Instrumentation Technology Information.


News and technical links to Industrial Instrumentation Wireless items of interest

Johannesburg South Africa - Tuesday, 26 November 2013 to Thursday, 28 November 2013

This inaugural Radio Comms Conference has been designed to chart the future for mobile and radio technology in Africa. It will uncover how mobile radio is used in utilities, transport, mining and public safety and how digital technology is shaping the future of radio communications. During this time of accelerating technological change and with a range of complex challenges facing industry, the Africa Radio Comms Conference, 2013 offers both delegates and presenters the opportunity to share their knowledge and increase their understanding in this area of communication to become better prepared for the future. Get the brochure here.

ISA100 Wireless Standard Receives IEC Approval - First industrial wireless standard developed with direct end-user participation and support - ISA-100.11a-2011, "Wireless Systems for Industrial Automation: Process Control and Related Applications," has been approved by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) as a publicly available specification, or PAS. This follows its approval earlier this year as an ISA standard, developed per ISA's open consensus process as accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). Unlike non-accredited processes typically used by vendors' consortia to develop specifications, ISA's ANSI-accredited procedures call for direct participation and voting by experts from end-user companies, ensuring that their views and needs are heard and reflected in the resulting standard. ISA-100.11a-2011 received overwhelming approval from voting members on ISA100 who represent end-user companies where wireless systems will be deployed in real-world industrial applications.

Common WirelessHART Gateway Specified - The Fieldbus Foundation, HART Communication Foundation (HCF) and PI have joined forces to create a common architecture for a WirelessHART gateway device. Cooperation on this architecture is an extension of the three organizations' successful collaboration on Electronic Device Description Language (EDDL) and is another step towards delivering open systems to process industry end users. The specification enables anyone to design and build gateway products. The gateway allows a WirelessHART mesh network to communicate with a host via the Fieldbus Foundation's HSE protocol, PROFIBUS and PROFINET. I/O mapping and the use of DD files are consistent among these protocols. The diagram shows how data from a wireless mesh sensor network could be integrated into a host automation system. The collection of sensors is configured as a mesh, so devices can communicate directly, or route messages through another sensor if the primary path becomes blocked.

ZigBee Alliance Completes ZigBee Building Automation Standard - The ZigBee® Alliance, a global ecosystem of companies creating wireless solutions for use in energy management, commercial and consumer applications, today announced it has completed development and ratified the ZigBee Building AutomationTM standard. ZigBee Building Automation is the global standard for interoperable products enabling the secure and reliable monitoring and control of commercial building systems. It is the only BACnet® approved wireless mesh network standard for commercial buildings. Products using ZigBee Building Automation give building owners and operators control of more building types, previously unreachable rooms or sensitive areas, thanks to its low-power wireless operation. Existing wired BACnet building automation systems can now be expanded with greater ease and reduced operational cost. The standard was developed by numerous Alliance members, with major assistance coming from Convergence Wireless, Johnson Controls, Schneider Electric, Siemens, Ingersoll-Rand and Ubilogix.

All Quiet on the Wireless Front - End Users Have Voted With Their Feet, Ignoring Standards Wars and Moving Ahead With Useful Apps - from Walt Boyes and 

Overcoming Barriers to Wireless Adoption - Is wireless better or worse than a wired network? The answer is no; it’s different. A plethora of wireless technologies exist to suit a variety of users. Is it for every application? No. But for many, wireless can be more flexible, versatile and cost effective than wired networks. Yet, questions regarding security, reliability and capacity of wireless continue to prevent conservative end users from reaping its benefits. Can these be overcome? - from ProSoft.

Antenna & Feedline Selection - This white paper gives the reader an understanding of issues affecting the selection of antennas and feedline. It describes the complete signal path from transmitter to receiver and includes hardware specifications, required calculations and path-loss issues. Through an improved understanding of the subject, the reader will more effectively and confidently be able to design, install and maintain a reliable wireless communication system - from Control Microsystems.

Optimizing a Wireless Ethernet Radio Network - When deciding which wireless Ethernet radios to buy, it’s tempting to focus on a few key specifications – such as operating distance or data-throughput rate – provided on the product datasheets. However, several factors contribute to overall network performance for Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) – and some of those factors work against one another. The following discussion helps separate perception from reality, detailing the difference between specified over-the-air speeds and actual data throughput in a SCADA application. Suggested steps for optimizing wireless Ethernet radio networks are also presented, along with several real-world examples. Note: This paper assumes the reader has basic knowledge of radio networks - from Schneider Electric

Integrating a Network of Wireless Sensors with Standard Control Systems - Nowadays, wireless sensors are a viable solution for a broad spectrum of projects. The first and main advantage of using wireless sensors is substantial savings in installation costs of cables. Consider a simple warehouse environmental monitoring system where multiple temperature and relative humidity points are monitored. Using wireless nodes that include both types of sensors there is no need to install cables in roofs, ducts or ceilings - from Process Online.

Changing Role of Wireless - Ray Rogowski - When industrial wireless technology emerged on the scene a few years ago, manufacturers typically fell into one of three camps: early adopters who wasted no time immersing themselves in the new networks, users who wanted to wait until the technologies matured, and others who wanted nothing to do with the advancements. Fast forward to today, and both the role of wireless within plants, and the alignment of those respective camps have shifted dramatically. For starters, wireless is no longer “new.” It’s here, and it’s established – and the question isn’t “if” but, rather, “how” day-to-day operations will be impacted - from Honeywell and

ICEtime - Seminars, Tradeshows, Conferences and Events of interest to our readership.

If you would like to have your event listed in ICEtime, please send a note or press release to ICEnews.

Take a look at ISA's comprehensive calendar of Automation events



25 -27 Honeywell 23rd Users Conference - "Where Technology Shapes Solutions" - Baveno, Laggo Maggiore, Italy


8 - 10 Brazil Automation ISA 2010 (15th International Congress and Exhibition of Instrumentation, Systems, and Automation) - São Paulo, Brazil

12 - Wireless in Industrial Automation - Bangalore, India

15 - 16  2nd Process Safety Management for Chem/Petrochem Plants & Refineries - New Orleans, LA

29 - Dec 1 AVEVA World North America User Conference - Westin New Orleans Canal Place Hotel in New Orleans, LA, USA



6 - 8  South East Asia Flow Measurement Conference - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

21- 22  Industrial Data Communications Forum - Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

ICEsponsor¾ Newsletter Sponsor Recognition

The following companies have kindly contributed to the creation and sharing of this information by offsetting the costs associated with its production and distribution. 


Abhisam Software is a young knowledge based company which has been set up to provide training to technical professionals by e-learning. The innovative e-learning courses help professionals to stay on top of the learning curve. What better way to get training, other than by enrolling in an e-learning course? E-learning frees you from attending classrooms, or cramping your work or leisure schedule in any way. It enables you to learn & get training anywhere & at anytime. Get trained anywhere & at anytime by making use of ON DEMAND LEARNING!

Learn anytime, anywhere by taking advantage of our e-learning courses. These e-learning courses are available in a variety of ways including as online learning courses, SCORM & AICC compliant courses which can be hosted on your Learning

Management System (LMS) or as stand alone courses on CD ROMs.

Abhisam Software  have also started an m-learning course on RFID, which can be downloaded to your mobile phone.

They have e-learning courses on the following subjects:

E-learning course on Gas Monitors

E-learning course on RFID

E-learning course on Hazardous Area Instrumentation

M-learning course on RFID.

The Quick Guide to AC Variable Frequency Drives

HAZOP (Hazard and Operability Study) e-learning course with CERTIFICATION of COMPETENCY 

For further details please contact via their website Abhisam  


Well recognised by such brand names as Circle Seal Controls, Hoke Gyrolok fittings and Go Regulators, CIRCOR International Inc is a leading supplier of valves, related products and services to a wide range of users who require precise, efficient and safe fluid control systems.  For over 125 years they have been providing a complete array of fluid control products and technologies to a highly fragmented industry. 

For more information go to 


The Honeywell Analytics group of companies provides gas detection solutions in industries where potentially hazardous chemicals and gases exist.  A full range of fixed gas, portable gas and flame detection equipment is available for the measurement of flammable gases, toxic gases and oxygen concentrations.  The company provides design, development and manufacture of electrochemical, catalytic and infrared sensors, along with Chemcassette technology, placing the company at the forefront of innovation. The company offers solutions to increasingly difficult gas detection and monitoring applications.
They also offer project management for specialized fire and gas systems, a global network of service centres and 24-hour on-line technical support.

For more information go to



Prochem is Australia’s leading supplier of quality stainless steel piping and mechanical instrumentation products. They are agents for a huge range of instrumentation products including Hoke Gyrolok, Hoke Instrumentation Valves, Circor Tech Products, Go Regulators, Circle seal, Atkomatic Solenoid Valves, Classic Filters, Manual Sample Systems, King Instrument Company , Hoke Pipe Fittings , Anderson Greenwood Instrument Valves , Anderson Greenwood Primary Isolation Valves , Pacson Valves and ATC Actuators, BSM Valves, O'Brien Tracepak and O'Brien Analytical, BuTech , Stainless Steel Tube, Saddles and Leak Check , Teflon Lined Braided Hoses. 

Industrial Automation Networks

Industrial Automation Networks Inc. provides field level network services that help our global clients seamlessly connect their field devices and controllers.

Digital communications is becoming more prevalent in the industrial environment but unfortunately the skills necessary to implement the technology have not kept pace with either its introduction or scale of acceptance. Industrial Automation Networks has been created to fill the gap in knowledge and expertise in this area for all phases of a project life cycle.

Industrial Automation Networks Inc. intent is to "Make Industrial Networks Easy" by making them reliable and of high value to you the End User. 

AVEVA Instrumentation; instrument and systems engineering, design, documentation and management for the entire plant lifecycle.

AVEVA Instrumentation provides a comprehensive, powerful and intuitive suite of software tools which support the entire lifecycle of a plant’s instrumentation and control systems. Engineers and plant designers will find their work easier and more productive, thanks to its extensive catalogue- and rules-based functions and unique features such as graphical ‘drag and drop’ design. Plant operators will appreciate a dedicated, affordable solution which makes handover and commissioning more efficient and which goes on to save time and cost throughout the continuing processes of maintenance, modification and upgrade.

Customer evaluations have consistently reported substantial gains in productivity compared with rival products. To see why, visit for product information. To see AVEVA Instrumentation in action, visit for details of AVEVA roadshows and events near you, or contact your nearest AVEVA sales office to arrange a demonstration on your premises.

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