ICEnews May 2012
All "that's cool" in Instrumentation and Control Engineering - "It's Purely Technical" - For Engineers by Engineers!
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Welcome to the New Look "It's Purely Technical" May 2012 issue of ICEnews, the Instrumentation, and Control Engineering news source. ICEnews is a compendium of useful information which we endeavour to issue quarterly.
We want to make this newsletter a source of information that YOU can use in YOUR job, while also keeping you informed on what is happening in our industry both directly and indirectly. We welcome your Press Releases, information, AND any technical articles you may have that could be appropriate for this newsletter or our web site. If you have something you would like to contribute, please send it to ICEnews.
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Mentor Program - This is a super initiative by the Automation Federation for
anyone interested in learning more about careers in automation. The program will
connect you with a Mentor who will answer your questions about automation, its
industries, related careers, skill sets, and more. In addition, your Mentor will
help you determine if a career in automation is right for you and you can
connect with other automation professionals as needed to assist you on your path
to becoming an automation professional. This program can connect you with two
types of mentors:
- Career Mentor — This individual will help you learn about, explore, and choose a career option(s) in automation
- Technical Mentor — This individual will be able to discuss automation careers within a specific industry sector and/or in a specific job position
The Tectonic Shift of New Oil and Gas Technologies has Only Just Begun - Alan Novak - Whilst not really automation related this article is pretty interesting - The extent to which major new sources of unconventional fossil fuels are beginning to reshape the 21st century is just beginning to be appreciated. Remarkably – and almost abruptly – it now appears that the enormous challenge of satisfying a doubling in world energy demand by 2050 will probably be met. But it won’t be through renewable energy sources like solar and wind, although the role of these renewables will indeed rise. The lion’s share of the new energy production will come instead from shale oil and shale gas, deepwater drilling, oil sands and other unconventional sources of fossil fuel. The geopolitical impacts will be huge. Canada and the United States, Europe, India, China, Australia, and many countries in South America and Africa — few of them accustomed to energy wealth — stand to benefit tremendously.
Engineering Ethics is Always of Paramount Importance - This Blog by Steve Mackay highlights Engineering Ethics - In the nutshell – ethics is about - as the National Society of Professional Engineers indicates: Engineers, in the fulfilment of their professional duties shall hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public. This applies to all engineering professionals – no matter whether you are an apprentice electrician or Chief Engineer at NASA.
The Tick-Tock of the Optical Clock - NPL time scientists have made an accurate measurement of the highly forbidden octupole transition frequency in an ytterbium ion, which could be used as the basis for the next generation of optical atomic clocks.
ICEbooks – Useful Books, Software and New Releases related to Instrumentation and Control
Need Some Technical “know-how”? ICEweb has a page which details a selection of excellent Instrumentation, Automation, Control, Electrical, Electronic and Information Technology books from IDC Technologies. These can be purchased from ICEweb . Also detailed are other links to more useful references.
What’s in your pocket? Why not fill your pocket with an IDC pocket guide. Their six Engineering Pocket Guides are bursting with over 500 pages of valuable information. The six titles include: Instrumentation, Electrical Engineering, Data Communications, Formulae and Conversions, Electronic Engineering and Industrial Automation. Whether you are interested in just the one title or if you need the whole set send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org .
Profile for Motor Starters - CiA (CAN in Automation) has released the CiA 442 CANopen profile for IEC 61915-2 compatible motor starters. The IEC standard specifies a bus-independent profile for motor starters, soft starters, and motor management starters.
New ARC Study Indicates FOUNDATION Fieldbus Maintains Market Leadership - ARC Advisory Group, the well-known manufacturing research and advisory firm based in Dedham, MA, has released a new study entitled “Fieldbus Solutions in the Process Industries: Worldwide Outlook,” which indicates Foundation fieldbus continues to lead the market in digital fieldbus communications for the process industries. According to the new ARC report, Foundation fieldbus accounted for nearly three-quarters of the total digital process fieldbus marketplace in 2011. ARC also predicts ongoing expansion of the market for process fieldbus products and solutions, with continued double-digit growth over the next five years.
Fieldbus Foundation: “New IEC Technical Report Is Good News For Automation End Users” - The Fieldbus Foundation has announced its support for a new International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) report that provides guidance to end users for selecting an industry-standard device integration technology encompassing all host systems, field instruments and device protocols. The new technical report, IEC 61804-6 Ed 1: Function blocks (FB) for process control - Electronic Device Description Language (EDDL) - Part 6: Meeting the requirements for integrating fieldbus devices in engineering tools for field devices, explains the requirements for field device integration and how they are met using the EDDL standard (IEC 61804-3). EDDL is a universal, proven and state-of-the-art method for accessing diagnostic, real-time and asset management information contained in more than 20 million field devices from the world’s leading instrumentation manufacturers. EDDL has the power to integrate field devices for optimal control strategies and consistent Human-Machine Interfaces (HMIs) across different platforms. The technology extends interoperability to the HMI and diagnostic data levels with improved visualization and graphical capabilities.
Video - Understanding the Use Case for Control in the Field - Control in the field vs. control in the host: Foundation fieldbus technology allows for both, so how do you choose? A new study offers suggestions. If you are a Foundation fieldbus user, you know that it supports control in the field (CIF), which allows a sensor and actuator to form its own self-regulating PID loop, independent of the host control system. While the effectiveness of the approach is well documented, what user cases make it the most compelling for application? A new study has been completed by Industrial Systems and Control, an engineering consulting group in Glasgow, Scotland, that examines how CIF operates and where it is likely to offer the greatest advantages over traditional host-based process control. In the video Dr. Andy Clegg explains the parameters of the study, and the basic findings. His report discusses how his team carried out the independent evaluation, and the circumstances under which the high determinism of CIF can outperform conventional loops driven by a PLC or DCS - from Control Engineering.
FOUNDATION for Remote Operations Management - One of the fastest growing segments in the world of process automation is remote operations management. As the name implies, remote operations refers to the management of automation assets that are located in or are dispersed throughout remote geographic locations where it is difficult or impossible to send personnel. This is not limited to remote offshore oil platforms and oil and gas pipelines. It can also include tank farms and terminals, water and wastewater treatment facilities, and any industry or application that requires remote access to automation assets
Video - The Unveiling of FOUNDATION for Remote Operations Management - The Fieldbus Foundation has unveiled its Foundation for Remote Operations Management (ROM) solution, a new technology initiative intended to develop a unified digital infrastructure for asset management in remote applications such as tank farms, terminals, pipelines, offshore platforms, and even OEM equipment skids. The technology enables fieldbus connectivity to remote I/O and the leading industrial wireless protocols, including WirelessHART and ISA 100.11a. It provides an interface to these wireless technologies and uses Electronic Device Description Language (EDDL) and function blocks to ensure interoperability with Foundation for ROM devices - from Control Engineering.
FOUNDATION for Remote Operations Management - One of the fastest growing segments in the world of process automation is remote operations management. As the name implies, remote operations refers to the management of automation assets that are located in or are dispersed throughout remote geographic locations where it is difficult or impossible to send personnel. This is not limited to remote offshore oil platforms and oil and gas pipelines. It can also include tank farms and terminals, water and wastewater treatment facilities, and any industry or application that requires remote access to automation assets.
MinutePROFINET YouTube Channel - A new YouTube channel has been created by PI North America called MinutePROFINET. It describes features of PROFINET through short ~60 sec videos. As the series progresses, expect more technical aspects of the technology to be helpfully explained. Check out the first two, and subscribe: click here.
More PROFINET Videos - Sometimes one minute is not enough to find out about PROFINET. For those occasions, try some more detailed videos from the PROFI Interface Center, featuring Hunter Harrington.
Building Automation Migrates towards Ethernet and Wireless - James Hunt - Buildings are becoming more automated, but what kind of communication and control networks are needed? As building electrical installations gain greater sophistication, there is a corresponding growing requirement for extensive functional diversity, convenience and efficient operation of the increasingly large number of digital products that the average building now contains. This article reports on building automation requirements, and networking techniques used to carry out energy management and control tasks.
Industrial Ethernet : A Control Engineer’s Guide - As part of a continuing effort to make their organizations more efficient and productive, manufacturers are rapidly migrating to Industrial Ethernet technology. This standards-based technology enables organizations to control costs by moving from costly proprietary systems to a proven technology that is more secure, reliable, and deterministic. This white paper provides an overview of Ethernet technology and its benefits in the data networking environment. It discusses the benefits of using a switched Ethernet architecture in industrial networking environments, including Determinism, Latency, Minimal packet loss, Broadcasts and multicast support, Network analyzer monitoring and Standardized infrastructure.
Update on ODVA Machinery Initiative in cooperation with OPC Foundation and Sercos International, April 2012 - In 2011, ODVA announced a new machinery initiative in cooperation with two alliance partners -- OPC Foundation and Sercos International. The three organizations collaborated on a white paper, published by ODVA in November 2011, describing their shared vision for this initiative. The white paper pointed out that, in an environment characterized by multiple networks and communication technologies, a key integration problem is how to reduce the number of heterogeneous communication and connection interfaces. This brief describes anticipated next steps in this initiative pertaining to the technical approach to solve this key problem.
Foundation Fieldbus, Fourth Edition - Ian Verhappen and Augusto Pereira
The fourth edition of Foundation Fieldbus significantly expands the
subject matter of the earlier editions of this popular book not only to
help you stay current with this evolving technology but to also enhance
your understanding of Fieldbus. This edition provides in-depth coverage
on Fieldbus communications and configuration, including calculation of
macrocycle for Control-In-Field and in the Host system and how the
different forms of communication on the H1 network work with each other
to make Control-In-Field possible, including the use of these different
methods to optimize network bandwidth.
Abhisam Software is a leader in technical training. Innovative e-learning courses help technical professionals like you to stay on top of the learning curve. Their e-learning courses, technical training workshops and onsite training activities span areas in Instrumentation, Automation & Control Systems, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology and Process Plant Safety. These e-learning courses and traditional training courses increase the skill levels of employees in companies and other organizations. Their Instrumentation training courses, meet all your Instrumentation training needs, whether for Instrument technician training, industrial instrumentation training or control systems engineer training. Current training courses include Hazardous Area Instrumentation, an ebook on Hazardous Area Classification, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Gas Monitors, Safety Instrumented Systems and an ebook on Variable Frequency Drives. Just Arrived! HAZOP (Hazard and Operability Study) e-learning course with CERTIFICATION of COMPETENCY.
Abhisam's upcoming courses on Plant and Process Safety includes VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) and H2S Awareness, other courses and ebooks in the pipeline which will be launched soon are courses and ebooks on Fieldbus Technology, Level Instrumentation and Electrical Schematics. See the complete range of courses here. Abhisam now also offer a certification for each course, if the learner takes an online test and scores the passing grade. There is no additional charge for this. It is an excellent idea if somebody wants to have a "proof" of having taken training and acquired a new competency. All the current courses have free download demos of the first module.
Did you know that Abhisam also conduct workshops
site training courses worldwide? Traditional Classroom style
workshops can be offered to companies and other groups of individuals.
Abhisam also have some regularly held workshops in areas of Safety
Instrumented Systems and Hazardous Area Instrumentation. These workshops
are offered in select cities from time to time. They can be completely
customized and offered to companies, other organizations or a group of
individuals in almost any location. Popular topics include;
Virtual Classroom Delivers PID Training
Call for Papers - If you have an upcoming conference and are calling for papers please contact us.
IDC have a range of E-Learning courses Covering Data Communications, Electrical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Instrumentation, Mechanical Engineering and Project Management .
Training and Workshop Schedules
IDC have a huge range of workshops and training courses in Australia and USA.
A really great website for the latest news is the Read-Out Instrumentation Signpost.Control Engineering have a great range of newsletters covering;
Are you into Hydraulics? Brendon Casey's Inside Hydraulics Newsletter contains loads of technical tips and money saving techniques.
Automation World offers some electronic newsletters of interest including;
The Flow Control Network has a excellent newsletter for flow "buffs".
Jim Pinto's Website has lots of great content pertaining to Automation.
Looking for some Technical Information on Control, Electrical Instrumentation, Fire & Gas, Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) and many other subjects?
Search the vast ICEweb Free Technical Engineering Library for information on Control, Fire & Gas Systems, Electrical, Instrumentation and Safety Instrumented Systems.
ICEweb has developed the following pages thanks to our
Just click on the title header to go to ICEweb's super pages on each of the following subjects.
pH Sensors: Know whether to Calibrate the Sensor, Clean the Sensor, Perform a Calibration Check or ...? - Fred Kohlmann - This paper addresses knowing when to do a pH sensor calibration versus a calibration check, how to properly clean a pH sensor, how to perform a pH sensor calibration and a decision tree for step by step guidance - from the ISA and Endress+Hauser.
Combustion Flue Gas Analyzer - Emerson have announced the release of the latest solution for combustion flue gas analysis, the Rosemount Analytical Model 6888 in situ oxygen analyzer. The Model 6888 provides accurate measurement of the oxygen remaining in the flue gases coming from combustion processes such as boilers, incinerators, kilns, process heaters, and industrial heating furnaces. By maintaining the ideal level of oxygen in the flue gases, optimal efficiency is achieved and the lowest levels of NOX, CO and CO2 are produced.Emerson Process Management have announced a new family of Rosemount Analytical 1066 two-wire liquid instruments featuring the broadest range of measurement parameters available, advanced communications capabilities, and unique ease-of-use features. The Rosemount Analytical 1066 transmitters are suitable for many industrial applications including those with exacting performance requirements such as pharmaceutical and food and beverage, and in harsh environments such as chemical plants, metals processing, and effluent monitoring. The 1066 series has the latest version of Hart 7, and they are the industry’s first pH transmitters to be registered under the Interoperability Test Kit 6 (ITK6) from FOUNDATION Fieldbus. This family of transmitters can measure pH, ORP, resistivity/conductivity, percent concentration, total dissolved solids, total chlorine, free chlorine, monochloramine, dissolved oxygen, and dissolved ozone. A second sensor input allows continuous pH correction for free chlorine measurement.
Analysis of Pipeline-Quality Gas using a C6+ with Trace H2S Application -Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S) is a component that is often present in natural gas. There are many reasons for wanting to measure it. One of the most important reasons is that H2S is a highly toxic gas that can be deadly if breathed into the lungs. This gas is also corrosive to the pipeline. H2S mixed with H2O forms hydrosulfuric acid, which can cause pipeline metals to become brittle. Contractual obligation may require scrubbing or limiting of the H2S in natural gas before it is sold. Each pipeline company has its own acceptable limits of how much H2S can be present.
Analysis of Pipeline-Quality Gas using a C9: Application (Five-Minute Analysis) - On-line chromatographs provide custody-transfer measurement of energy content in natural gas. To determine this heating value component, first we must determine component concentrations. In a standard C6+ application, this analysis is performed using two valves in a single oven (12-minute analysis time) or three valves in a single oven (four-minute analysis time). To perform this analysis to C9+, five valves are used in two different ovens (five-minute analysis time). The results from both detectors are combined in post-analysis calculations and reported together.
Perfecting Liquefied Natural Gas Analysis Techniques and Methods - S.Hale - Following these procedures will improve measurement accuracy and reliability.
The Fundamentals Of Pipeline Gas Chromatographs - Shane Hale - Gas chromatographs (GCs) are installed all over natural gas pipeline networks, providing an analysis of the flowing gas and calculating the physical properties used for the flow calculations and for custody transfer. However, a clear understanding of just how the GC works and the considerations that need to be made for the installation and operation of the GC are often lacking in the industry. This article discusses the major components of the GC and provides an understanding of the theory and practice of gas chromatography in the pipeline industry.
Choice of Gas Chromatograph Ovens and Shelters Impacts Cost of Ownership - Michael Gaura - When industry professionals scope out a new capital analyzer project, they spend time and effort evaluating the equipment to be used. In the case of gas chromatographs (GC), key capital expenses – the oven associated with the GC and the shelter that houses it – may not be considered in the final decision, often because managers do not realize they have a choice. In fact, these decisions can have a huge impact on the cost of ownership of the analysis equipment, with the potential to significantly reduce costs at initial installation, in operation and maintenance and in the execution of change orders.
Analyser Sample Systems
The Following Technical Papers are from Sentry Equipment Corporation.
Sampling Liquid Petroleum Gas (and other high vapour pressure gas/liquids) - The primary purpose of this technical note is to provide insight into the history and issues related to the sampling of Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) and other high vapour pressure liquids and to provide recommendations for accurate, safe and environmentally compliant sampling methods.
What you Need to Know to Select an Automatic Sampler - Richard Bassett - This article discusses three basic modes and types of automatic samplers and explore the factors that should be considered before selecting a model for your application. It includes a useful application Datasheet.
Thanks to our sponsor Invensys Triconex ICEweb's Burner Management page has been extensively upgraded with the addition of 8 technical papers and - new sections, so if you need more information on BMS just go to this page for fantastic technical information.!
Optical Fibre Cable - Covers Design, Reliability and Quality, Cable Types, Jacket Material, Colour Coding, Propagation Speed and Delay, Losses and Safety - from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Optical Fibre Specifications - The usual fiber specifications you will see are size, attenuation and bandwidth. While manufacturers have other specs that concern them, like numerical aperture (the acceptance angle of light into the fiber), ovality (how round the fiber is), concentricity of the core and cladding, etc., these specs do not affect you. Covers fibre types and Specifications -from LANshack.
Guide To Fiber Optic Network Design - What is “fiber optic network design?” Fiber optic network design refers to the specialized processes leading to a successful installation and operation of a fiber optic network. It includes determining the type of communication system(s) which will be carried over the network, the geographic layout (premises, campus, outside plant (OSP, etc.), the transmission equipment required and the fiber network over which it will operate. Next we have to consider requirements for permits, easements, permissions and inspections. Once we get to that stage, we can consider actual component selection, placement, installation practices, testing, troubleshooting and network equipment installation and startup. Finally, we have to consider documentation, maintenance and planning for restoration in event of an outage - from the Fibre Optic Association.
Fibre Optic Installation - Problem or Opportunity - Increasingly, electrical engineers and installers are becoming involved with fiber optic cable, from a specification, design, and installation standpoint. Misconceptions are common about fiber optic cables themselves, how their handling differs from electrical cable, and how to plan and make high quality fiber optic installations. This "Technical Talk" will focus on installation of fiber optic cable in conduit, contrasting it with electrical cable. The types of fiber available (single mode, multimode, etc.) and the various cable constructions (loose tube, tight tube, armor, etc.) are beyond the scope of this discussion. Please be aware that there are a great number of fiber cable types and constructions, and the discussion can only cover general principles of application for most fiber optic cables - from polywater.
Duct Placement Factor in Fibre Optic Pulling - Many fiber optic outside
plant installations involve long "straight" runs of cable pulled into
duct. The pulling equations have shown good tension prediction ability in the
installation of heavy cables in straight runs. However, these same pulling
equations predict that fiber can be pulled much longer distances than today’s
reality. Based on simple friction theory, it should be possible to pull fiber
cable, with a weight of 100 to 200 lbs/1000 feet (150 to 300 Kg/Km), in the
range of 15,000 to 30,000 feet (4.5 to 9.0 Km) with pulling forces under 600
lbs. This assumes friction coefficients under .2, which are routinely measured
with Polywater® Fiber Optic Lubricants. But experience shows that maximum
pulling distances of 3000 to 6000 feet (1 to 2 Km)--at under 600 lbs (2.7 Kn)--are
more realistic, even with a new, properly placed duct system. What produces this
error of a factor of 5 or more? - from polywater.
, Choke Papers and Applications, Subsea Choke Valves, Choke Control Systems and some great links to technical papers.
Advertising - Did you realise that there are over 500 pages on ICEweb!! As
an ICEnews 2012 "special" we are offering a 50% discount on
standard prices for unsponsored pages for the first year.
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Rationalisation - In modern control systems it takes very little effort to
add an alarm. Consequently operators are increasingly overloaded with more
alarms than they can handle effectively and inundated with nuisance alarms.
These factors increase the likelihood that they miss a critical alarm and make
it more difficult to respond to a plant upset, raising the chance of an
unplanned shutdown or an accident. The ISA-18.2 standard was created to help
industry implement effective alarm management practices. It provides a framework
and methodology for the successful design, implementation, operation and
management of alarm systems and presents techniques to help end-users address
the most common alarm management issues. As such it is expected to be accepted
as "Good Engineering Practice" by insurance companies and regulators
alike. One of the most important practices described in ISA-18.2 is alarm
rationalization, which is a process for reviewing and documenting the alarms in
a system to ensure that they are truly needed and are designed to help the
operator diagnose and respond to the situation - from Emerson
From the new
Modelling and Optimisation Section
Modelling for ULSD Optimisation - On-line coordination and optimisation of refinery process units led to a 10% increase in middle distillate production - Klas Dahlgren, An Rigden and Henrik Terndrup - The Chevron Pembroke oil refinery is a complex and large (220 000 b/d) processing site. This case study examines the improvements achieved by a project with a high return on investment, which resulted in better operation of the process units involved in middle distillate production and higher ultra low-sulphur diesel (ULSD) output. This article describes how as much as a 10% increase in middle distillate production can be achieved essentially without investment in process units or equipment, mainly through the upgrading of cracked feeds, higher average distillate cut points, optimisation of the process unit and diesel rundown blending. These significant improvements, which are estimated at $10 million per year (minimum), have been realised through a team effort involving various departments of the Pembroke refinery - from Apex.
|Be a part of this year’s LEADING
event for instrumentation, process control and automation engineers and
technicians. This conference features 14 world class speakers including
of the Programmable Logic Controller’ Dick Morley, on
EVER visit to Australia.
Click here to download the conference brochure.
Keynote Speakers - Dick Morley is a visionary in the field of advanced technological development. Mr. Morley holds more than 20 United States and foreign patents, including the parallel inference machine, hand-held terminal, floppy disk and the programmable logic controller. He is a pioneer in the areas of computer design, artificial intelligence, automation and futurism. Dick will share his knowledge and experience gained over four decades of revolutionary achievements in industrial automation.
RICK CALDWELL (USA) - SCADA Expert, Founder and President of SCADAware. Rick will present his enthralling and inspiring “The Day We Failed” success story.
Maintenance Depends on PID tuning - Nearly every automation system supplier, consultant, control theory professor, and user has a favourite set of PID tuning rules. Many of these experts are convinced their set is the best. A handbook devoted to tuning has over 500 pages of rules. The enthusiasm and sheer number of rules is a testament to the importance of tuning and the wide variety of application dynamics, requirements, and complications. The good news is these methods converge for a common objective. The addition of PID features, such as set point lead-lag, dynamic reset and output velocity limits, and intelligent suspension of integral action enable the use of disturbance rejection tuning to achieve other system requirements, such as maximizing set point response, coordinating loops, extending valve packing life, and minimizing upsets to operations and other control loops - from the ISA and InTech.
Corrosion Data Tables - This is a good table detailing materials against media, concentration and temperature - from OSECO
Corrosion Monitoring: Breaking down the Misconceptions -Sridhar Srinivasan - The latest technology links corrosion to process conditions more directly and immediately. It also allows corrosion depreciation to be assessed in much shorter time intervals with the ability to control and mitigate the rate of damage and more accurately factor in its true economic impact on plant operations - from www.processonline.com.au
Look for Signs of Failure to Protect Critical Assets - Deane Horn - Complete online monitoring of the plant’s most critical assets includes shutdown protection, predictive, and performance monitoring – all integrated with the process automation system. Rotating equipment seldom fails without providing hints well in advance. Machinery health warning signs come in the form of vibration changes, process parameter changes, and performance changes to name a few. So imagine a form of machinery protection that allows you to anticipate and recognise these warning signs. A complete protection strategy can then be formulated based on the use of early information gathered from a combination of vibration, performance, and process data. Shutdown protection would be relegated to the last line of defence, and costly outages could be eliminated. Advanced technologies, including online and wireless vibration monitoring and ASME calculations based equipment performance, can all be integrated with the process control system to nurture the health of machinery that is essential to maintaining uninterrupted production - from Emerson Process Management.
Fault Diagnosis Guide
Bondor Energy Efficient InsulLiving House - Bondor is one of Australia’s leading manufacturers of thermally efficient and lightweight building panels. Their InsulWall® and SolarSpan® insulated products have been used significantly in the construction of an energy efficient home. This home, known as the InsulLiving® project will demonstrate over an extended period of time the energy and cost benefits of thermally efficient materials in addition to validating the homes BCA 8 star energy efficient rating.
Tsunami Warning System in South East Asia - The Indian Ocean Tsunami hit South East Asia on 26 December 2004 and is one of the ten most devastating natural disasters ever recorded. Following the event, the Indonesian government budgeted for the development of a tsunami warning system, to help reduce the impact of future tsunamis
Webinar - Benchmarking and Monitoring Residential Building Performance - This free webinar hosted by Onset and presented by Paul Eldrenkamp from DEAP Energy Group, will introduce strategies and methods for establishing benchmarks against which to measure residential building performance. Paul will also demonstrate tools and techniques for measuring and monitoring, including data loggers, flow meters, CO2 monitors, and others.
Hidden Energy Waste with Data Loggers - 8 Cost-Saving Opportunities - Paul
H. Stiller - This best practices guide describes the data logging equipment you
need to obtain information on energy consumption and environmental conditions in
commercial buildings. It covers eight common forms of energy waste, and provides
an overview of how to gather and analyse data and calculate savings for each
Do the Savings Come Out in the Wash? - A Large Scale Study of In-Situ Residential Laundry Systems - David Korn and Scott Dimetrosky - This report explores the energy use of laundry systems by monitoring with data loggers at residences across southern California and the Bay area. Efficient laundry systems, and in particular clothes washers, are an unusual retail efficiency product in that the energy savings potential occurs primarily outside of the clothes washer, namely in the hot water heater and the clothes dryer. The study metered the actual energy use of 115 laundry systems – clothes washer, hot water heater, and clothes dryer - comprised of 24 non-ENERGY STAR qualified clothes washers, and 91 clothes washers that qualified under current or previous ENERGY STAR specifications, and under Tier 1, 2, or 3 criteria published by the Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE). Contrary to previous assumptions, the analysis determined that only 13 percent of the water used in the laundry system was heated, and that the majority of the energy consumed and potential savings arise in reduced operation of the clothes dryer.
Energy Resource Monitoring - A government-owned school building is being retrofitted with a solar energy system as part of a renewable energy rollout scheme. The government department responsible wishes to remotely monitor and log the generation and usage of this energy to establish the ongoing feasibility of the system and to track their return on investment.
COMING SOON! - The Quick Guide to Reading Electrical Schematics - If you've been hunting for a quick and easy guide book that shows how to read electrical schematics, you've come to the right place! This ebook is due for release anytime soon and is eagerly awaited by many. Interested? You can pre-order your copy by sending an email to email@example.com
AVEVA Electrical offers
market up to 30% man-hour savings
Sustainable Energy Management - Putting Information
Assets to Work in the Process Industries - This paper outlines the
challenges facing process plant operators in implementing effective
Energy Management strategies. It describes how these challenges may be
overcome through the use of currently available Information Management
technologies supported by a comprehensive, Service-Oriented Architecture
(SOA). Information Management technology can overcome the technical
barriers to effective Energy Management and provide the means to harness
an enterprise’s extensive, but often under-exploited, information
assets. Such capability supports the key elements of a sustainable,
long-term Energy Management programme: best practice methodology and an
integrated framework to address its information requirements. Rather
than being just a short-term initiative with a single objective, this
type of programme constitutes a substantial step on the road to
implementing a comprehensive Operations Integrity Management strategy to
deliver enterprise-wide business benefits. An Energy Information
Management strategy can thus lead to more extensive and sustained
optimisation of all aspects of asset operation. To
download AVEVA’s paper on Sustainable Energy Management
Top Ten Instrumentation Headaches - AVEVA spoke to instrumentation and control experts across the industry and identified no less than ten key areas where other vendors’ instrumentation design technologies fail to meet engineers’ and designers’ requirements. These are the top ten headaches that the engineers and designers face on a daily basis. The good news is that companies can avoid these headaches entirely by deploying the ‘visual engineering’ approach at the heart of AVEVA’s field-proven instrumentation solution. Register to read the full paper here.
A Shocking Waste of Money - Eight Reasons Why Electrical Design Costs More Than it Should - Electrical engineering and design is one of the most complex and demanding challenges facing EPCs and shipbuilders, in new builds, in-plant projects, and marine refit. Recent capital expenditure on electrical engineering and design has been estimated to reach $3 billion in the hydrocarbon plant industry alone. But should we be shocked by this figure? Surely such a complex discipline necessarily comes with a high price tag? Expense is inevitable, certainly. But wastefulness is unforgivable. Unfortunately, the technology used to plan and design electrical systems, just like that used to design instrumentation and control systems, is often just that – wasteful. Because it has been developed with little regard for engineers’ and designers’ natural working methods, it results in cumbersome and error-prone methods of handling data, and prevents users from making effective technical use of the natural synergies that exist between many activities. Register to read the full paper here
AVEVA – the world's leading engineering software provider, whose vision and commitment have completely redefined the plant, power and marine industries.
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Human Factors Engineering (HFE) in Projects - This excellent 84 page Recommended Practice (RP) is an essential design document for anyone involved in the design of facilities. Just have a look at the examples in it! It adopts a practical, cost-effective and balanced approach to applying HFE on oil & gas projects. It recognises that many HFE issues can be controlled simply by ensuring compliance with existing technical standards. However, there are times where there is a gap between what can be specified in technical standards and the design features needed to support efficient, reliable and safe human performance. This RP involves three elements for controlling HFE-related risk: (1) Compliance with relevant technical specifications (2) HFE specific design analysis and design validation and (3) Organisation and competence to deliver appropriate standards of HFE quality control. Compliance with this RP should normally satisfy requirements from national regulators for evidence that HFE has been adequately considered in design. The process allows projects to demonstrate that consideration has been given to reducing the HFE risks and the potential for human error to a level that can be shown to be As Low As Reasonably Practicable (ALARP) through engineering and design - from International Association of Oil & Gas Producers.
High-End Intelligent Emergency Valve Applications - Jari Kirmanen - Process facilities today are facing growing challenges to meet requirements with respect to the environment, health and safety of the plant personnel while maximizing product output and quality. With increasing energy prices, process plants must further develop their processes and maximize the yield of valuable products in an energy-efficient way. Plant run-time targets are increasing, which also set more challenges on equipment reliability and safety. De-pressurizing or pressure protection, as well as burner emergency shut-off being part of the safety integrity system, is a part of the process industry’s backbone defence against a threat to personnel and equipment. Intelligent partial-stroke devices capable of diagnosing emergency valve condition are more commonly utilized in the hydrocarbon industry. General requirements and challenges together with the benefits of using emergency valves equipped with intelligent partial-stroke devices were considered in the Hydrocarbon engineer magazine article in November 2009 . This article demonstrates more closely how intelligence solutions can be utilized and what kind of added value they bring by introducing three examples of high-end emergency valve applications - Thanks to ICEweb sponsor METSO.
Water Alternating Gas Injection System Requires Compact Flow Measurement Solution - Nick Vos - The oil/gas process engineers initially considered using a differential pressure (dP) technology orifice plate flow meter, but there was a problem. The installation area for the meter was already crowded with equipment, and the orifice plate flow meter required a long pipe straight-run to ensure accurate measurement. There simply wasn’t enough room to accommodate the orifice plate flow meter. The flow specialist at McCrometer recommended installing a VCone® Flow Meter with its built-in flow condition technology, which reduces the typical pipe straight-runs required both upstream and downstream from the meter for accurate measurement - from McCrometer.
Pacific Klamath Energy Utilizes V-Cone Flow Meter to Solve Problem in Co-Generation Plant - Bruce Willard - Providing accurate and reliable steam flow measurement to the steam host is a very important aspect in generating revenue for the co-generation facility. The existing annubar flow measurement system could not measure the low end of the steam flow requirements without major changes to the piping and purchasing a new annubar. To eliminate this problem, Klamath Pacific Energy contacted McCrometer and asked them about the V-Cone Flow Meter, which relies on differential pressure (DP) technology. It was then decided to replace the annubar system based on the expected accuracy of the V-Cone Flow Meter and its space-saving installation features that required only minimal changes to the piping layout - from McCrometer.
Emerson Expands Large Line Size Coriolis Flowmeter Range - Emerson Process Management has expanded its range of Micro Motion ELITE® High Capacity Coriolis flowmeters with the introduction of a large line size version with 16 inch (400 millimetre) process connections. This ELITE High Capacity Coriolis meter addresses the need for high accuracy, large line size measuring instruments and provides a high technology option for applications that have historically used mechanical/volumetric devices.
Introduction to Rotameters - The rotameter is an industrial flowmeter used to measure the flowrate of liquids and gases. The rotameter consists of a tube and float. The float response to flowrate changes is linear, and a 10-to-1 flow range or turndown is standard. In the case of OMEGA® laboratory rotameters, far greater flexibility is possible through the use of correlation equations. The rotameter is popular because it has a linear scale, a relatively long measurement range, and low pressure drop. It is simple to install and maintain - from Omega
Coriolis Mass Flowmeters Take Center Stage for Bulk Measurement in Oil & Gas Industry - Andre Verdone - Accurate measurement of liquids is important for all oil and gas production or consumption sites. This is especially true for bulk-transfer devices where large volumes of products are being moved and must be monitored, including crude oil depots, gasoline and jet fuel tank farms, refineries, and even cruise line terminals. In the past, mass transfer was measured in batches with weigh scales or load cells. However, installation, calibration and maintenance of a scale or load cell are costly, difficult to do, time consuming, and don’t work for continuous processes. For these processes, such methods as orifice plates and magnetic flow tubes can measure volumetric flow, but additional instruments are needed to measure temperature and pressure to compensate for fluid density changes. Introducing additional instruments also introduces errors, which can result in an overall measurement error rate as high as 3 percent. Now several measurement standards are moving toward use of Coriolis mass flowmeters, which can measure mass flow directly at the same time as they measure temperature and density. What’s more, transfer measurement by mass is the most accurate method, since mass is independent of, and unaffected by, changing process fluid characteristics, including pressure, temperature, viscosity, conductivity, and gravity - from Flow Control.
Flowmeter Spin - History & Evolution of Turbine Flow Measurement - Josse Yoder - While the Greeks and Romans had their own means of measuring flow, the first flowmeter of the modern era was invented by Reinhard Woltman. Woltman was an engineer who came up with the idea for the turbine meter while studying the loss of water in open canals. This makes the turbine flowmeter the oldest type among the group of new and traditional technology flowmeters. Woltman’s original design, along with his name, persists in the Woltman turbine meter. This meter is used mainly to measure water in bulk amounts. The idea behind turbine meters is quite intuitive. Turbine meters have a spinning rotor with propeller-like blades that is mounted on bearings in a housing. The rotor spins as water or other fluid passes over it. The rotor turns due to the force of the current. Flowrate is proportional to the rotational speed of the rotor. A variety of methods are used to detect the rotor speed, including a mechanical shaft and an electronic sensor - from Flow Research.
September 17 - 20, 2012 - Marriott Houston Westchase, Houston. Texas, USA
This School is the largest gas measurement school in the United States
devoted to natural gas measurement, pressure regulation, flow control, and
other measurement related arenas. The School focuses on seven main subject
groups including Fundamental Measurement, Distribution, Transmission,
Hands-on Training, Gas Quality, General & Advanced Measurement and
Office Procedures & Accounting,
Strength in Numbers - Matching Lamb Wave Sensors to the Resonant Frequency of a Pipe Wall - James Doorhy - Clamp-on ultrasonic flowmeter technology offers several major advantages over other methods of flow measurement when it comes to accounting for what, and how much, is flowing through a pipe. These benefits are derived primarily from one very important feature of clamp-on ultrasonic meters — i.e., their external sensors. Unlike traditional insert sensors, external sensors do not require pipes to be cut or operations to be halted in order to complete the installation process. Instead, the sensors are mounted on the exterior of the pipe and measure flow by transmitting acoustic signals into the pipe wall before entering the fluid - from Flow Control.
Leak Detection - A Useful "spin off" from clamp on
Technical Review of Leak Detection Technologies - Volume I - Crude Oil Transmission Pipelines - Analysis of recent data from the U.S. Department of Transportation Office of Pipeline Safety (DOT-OPS) indicates that, despite stricter regulations and enforcement, the rate at which pipeline accidents occurs has not significantly changed over the last two decades (Hovey and Farmer, 1999). The statistics suggest that short pipelines will have at least one reportable accident during a 20-year lifetime and longer pipelines (800 or more miles of line pipe) can expect a reportable incident every year. Research indicates that the best opportunities to mitigate pipeline accidents and subsequent leaks are through prevention measures such as aggressive controller training and strict enforcement of safety and maintenance programs (Hovey and Farmer, 1999; Borener and Patterson, 1995). The next most productive enhancement comes from implementing better pipeline monitoring and leak detection equipment and practices. Early detection of a leak and, if possible, identification of the location using the best available technology allows time for safe shutdown and rapid dispatch of assessment and cleanup crews. An effective and appropriately implemented leak detection program can easily pay for itself through reduced spill volume and an increase in public confidence - from Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation.
Clamp-on Leak Detection Solution for Enhanced Pipeline Management - When a pipeline leak occurs, it causes a sudden decrease in pressure at the leak origin. This pressure transient radiates both upstream and downstream from the line breach and decreases the density of the liquid, which results in a sudden drop in the liquid‘s sonic propagation velocity (Vs). The change in Vs is detected at each site station and time stamped with the arrival of the pressure wave‘s leading edge. As a result, the highly accurate FUS-LDS can locate a leak event within ±150 meters - from Siemens.
|Honeywell Analytics Gas Book - This updated handbook is intended to offer a simple guide to anyone considering the use of gas detection equipment. It provides an explanation of both the principles involved and the instrumentation needed for satisfactory protection of personnel, plant and environment. The aim has been to answer as many as possible of the most commonly asked questions about the selection and use of industrial gas detection equipment.|
Honeywell has announced that it has acquired Fire Sentry Corporation, a privately-held manufacturer of innovative fire detection and control products for a broad range of industrial markets. The terms of the transaction were not disclosed. Based in Yorba Linda, California, Fire Sentry’s product portfolio consists of fast-responding electro-optical flame detectors, portable test lamps and dedicated control panels that are used by customers in industrial settings such as petrochemical, semiconductor, paint booth/finishing, automobile airbags and munitions plants. Fire Sentry’s products are designed to ensure rapid, accurate, and reliable detection of both hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon fires within a single device. The acquisition will help Honeywell significantly expand its gas and flame detection, and monitoring solutions and builds on the company’s acquisitions of System Sensor in 1984 and Zellweger Analytics in 2005 among other important acquisitions in the gas detection arena. The company will be integrated into Honeywell Life Safety and will extend significant synergies in distribution channels, vertical end-markets and global end-users.
From Singing to Sensing - IECEx Certifies Modern Gas Detectors and Sensors - Like a Canary in a Coal Mine - The use of canaries as gas detectors had been a mining tradition in the UK since 1911. Toxic gases such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide or methane in the mine would kill the bird before affecting the miners. Because canaries tend to sing much of the time, they would stop singing prior to succumbing to the gas, so alerting miners to the danger. As reliable as canaries might have been, the switch to electronic gas detectors actually made sense and brought greater safety. Technologies are evolving constantly and modern gas detection devices are state-of-the-art, extremely sophisticated devices that use sensors to identify potentially hazardous gas leaks. They are usually part of larger safety systems that can be found in a wide variety of locations such as mines, oil rigs, refineries, paper mills and industrial / waste water treatment plants. They are also widely used by firefighters. These devices often interface with control systems so that a process can be shut down automatically in dangerous situations. This is well worth a read.
Gas Monitors e-courses from Abhisam Software
Now available for US$89 for the online version or direct download for just US$99! - Gas Monitors are used in a wide variety of applications ranging from ranging from semiconductor manufacturing, wastewater treatment plants, power plants, chemical plants and oil & gas production facilities. Millions of gas monitors work everyday in these places, to warn personnel working in these places about potential disasters like leaking gases, explosive vapours or toxic emissions. If you are an Instrumentation professional, safety professional, or a similar professional, working in any of these places, you would be certainly interested in knowing more about these instruments and to know how they can help you prevent disasters. Unfortunately, up to now, there was no single classroom training course, or e-learning course which could provide sufficient information, in an easy to understand way, how to select gas monitors, install them correctly and maintain and calibrate them, so that they continue to work well.
Hazardous Area e-courses from Abhisam Software
Hazardous Area Instrumentation e-learning Course. The online version is now available for US$135 or the direct download is just US$150. It covers; Area and Material classification, Different standards used for hazardous areas, including the later regulations like ATEX, Different methods of protection such as Explosion proof, Intrinsic Safety, Increased Safety, Pressurization and Purging, Non-incendive and some more methods too, Implementation of Fieldbus systems in hazardous areas, Selection of the best method of protection for your application, in your plant or facility, Certification and labelling of instruments, learn what a label means and how to maintain the safety and integrity of a hazardous area installation in your plant. See the New Video
Practical Guide to Hazardous Area Classification - Hazardous Area Classification :A Lack Of Knowledge Can Cost You Your Job, Your Money, Your Business... Even Your Life! This is a practical guide to classifying hazardous areas in your plant or facility- Learn everything you need to know about hazardous area classification...including gas, vapour and dust explosions, various area, materials and temperature classifications, the differences in various standards. Also includes a practical case study of an actual area classification exercise, with actual engineering drawings and photos, details on the state of area classification in today's process plants and facilities along with the pitfalls of wrong area classification. Importantly it details how you can SAVE MONEY and MAKE YOUR PLANT SAFER with proper area classification. The cost? Only US$47.
Making Safe Waves in Hazardous Areas! - John Hartley - As wireless devices such as mobile phones and laptop computers become more reliable and cost effective, there is growing interest amongst the process industry as to the benefits to be found from enabling such devices to be used in hazardous areas. However, unlike most industries this is not a simple task. Installing wireless networks in hazardous areas requires careful, expert planning and execution. John Hartley, Managing Director of Extronics, explains the hazards posed by radio frequency sources and the issues involved when installing wireless networks in hazardous areas, and how to minimise the potential risk.
|Due to demand, the Hazardous Areas Conference is back. This
year's agenda is packed with useful case studies and presentations to
assist you with the design, installation and maintenance of electrical
equipment for hazardous areas in your operation. Register early to avoid
Australian Standards Updates
AS/NZS 4853:2012 - Electrical Hazards on Metallic Pipelines - This Standard sets down the minimum requirements for managing the safety of personnel working in the vicinity of pipelines and equipment installed on pipelines and specifically addresses the requirements for the control of electrical hazards on transmission and distribution pipelines.
Increased Demands for HIPPS Final Elements -Rens Wolters describes the impact of the new IEC 61508 Edition 2010 on final elements and HIPPS - In the oil and gas industry protection against high pressure is increasingly performed by means of instrumented systems rather than mechanical safety relief valves. When the risk is high and the response time is short this application is often referred to as HIPPS (High Integrity Pressure Protection System). The applicable standards - IEC 61508 and IEC 61511 - use the generic term SIF or SIS (Safety Instrumented Function or System), whereas the industry uses HIPPS for this specific application. In the standards the element that shuts-off the incoming flow and isolates the high pressure source (on-off valve) is called the final element. A new revision of the IEC 61508 was published in 2010 and seriously impacts the HIPPS final element.
The following papers are from ehow.
How to Install Instrumentation Tubing - Luther Blissett - Instrumentation tubing is available in a large number of different diameters and is made of different materials capable of safely transporting a wide variety of substances. After being properly cut and cleaned, instrumentation tubing connects with appropriately sized tube fittings or valves on the instrumentation. While the actual installation of the tubing is straightforward, some planning is required to ensure the appropriate type of tubing is used. Fortunately, the instruments the tubing connects to come with documentation detailing what type of tubing is required
Instrument Tubing Bending & Installation - Wesley Tucker - Instruments around a plant monitor and control systems ranging from pressure differentials to contents of materials measured in percentages. Installing tubing to and from various instrument locations involves an understanding of the process and the application. Tubing installation is often dictated by the requirements of process. Bending, positioning and bracing tubing means more than just measuring a straight line and getting enough tube to fit. Tubing benders permit maximum tolerances for pressurized lines while reducing waste from cracked, misshapen or misaligned tubes of all sizes - from ehow.
The following technical references are from Glastonbury Southern Gage
What is a Fixed Limit Gauge? - Part 1 and Part 2 - The objective of this publication is to offer, in usable, simple terms, a basic summary, and source of information for those individuals given responsibility for the purchase and use of attribute or fixed limit gages - .
Download Comprehensive Technical Book on Gauges - This is a large download >20Megs but is worth it for your library, coving all the Glastonbury Southern Gauge Technical Data it is a great resource.
Frequently Asked Questions about Thread Gauges - Some of your questions answered here.
Introduction to Laser Instruments and Applications - When the laser was invented in 1960, it was amazingly, a solution looking for a problem. While the laser's weapons potential was clear, most of the uses of lasers that have changed the World were not foreseen even by the so-called experts of the time. In this chapter, we touch on perhaps one tenth of one percent of those where lasers are now indispensable, or at least have the potential to be in the future - from www.repairfaq.org
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Resistance Tape Technology Level Measurement - Principle of Operation - Resistance Tape Level Measurement is remarkably different from other level sensors; in principle, appearance, and performance. The sensor consists of a gold plated, stainless steel base strip, partially insulated from a gold plated wire that is wound around the base strip to form a helix. This helix is sheathed in either Mylar or HastelloyTM to insulate the sensor's inner elements from the liquid to be measured. Sliding the sheathed helix into a protective channel that leaves the front of the sensor exposed then completes the sensor. The sensor is generally contained within a still pipe suspended from the top of the tank. However, other mounting options are available.
Glass Liquid Level Gauges - There are numerous types of level detection devices that incorporate transducers, transmitters, sensors, or indicator instrumentation to monitor and regulate industrial systems. Most level gages rely on the principles of pressure differentials, conductivity, or capacitance and their operations can involve a range of different techniques, such as optical, electromagnetic, microwave, and ultrasonic detection methods. Liquid level gauges are designed for relatively straightforward level regulation and usually provide direct indications through visual, magnetic, or transduction properties. They typically consist of a measuring chamber connected to the vessel being monitored, with gage levels matching the changing levels in the vessel. There are a variety of different liquid level gage designs and each one features distinct operational characteristics and performance requirements. For example, a glass gage has a transparent design that allows for visual readings of the process level, while a magnetic level gage consists of an opaque metal measuring chamber. A floating device equipped with a permanent magnet is suspended upon the fluid in the chamber and it moves an indicator or a transducer through magnetic coupling to produce a level reading. The design differences between these types of liquid level gages determines their effectiveness in various applications, as well as the operating parameters for individual gage units - from www.thomasnet.com .
Simple Bubble Tube
Tube Installations for Liquid Level, Density, and Interface Level Measurements -
The bubble tube principle of hydrostatic measurement is a convenient, low-cost
method of measuring liquid level, density, or interface level in an open tank.
It is particularly applicable for those installations where:
♦ Process liquid could crystallize in transmitter lines.
♦ Process temperature exceeds temperature limit of flange-mounted transmitter.
♦ Process tank does not have side connections for flange-mounted transmitter.
♦ Process liquid is corrosive and cannot have direct contact with transmitter.
Demystifying the Pressure Gauge Spec Sheet - How to Calculate the Real -World Accuracy of a Pressure Measurement Device - Tom Halaczkiewicz and Patrick Klima - There is no such thing as an exciting product specification sheet. Filled with rows of numbers and figures and formatting that switches between manufacturers, it is no wonder why a spec sheet makes informed decisions difficult. Under actual operating conditions, it is easy to be unsure of a pressure device's performance and accuracy. One central challenge is that no industry rules govern how pressure gauge manufacturers write their product specs and data sheets. Some companies advertise their performance under specific, controlled conditions. Others bury their actual figures inside dense spreadsheets and complicated formulas. And sometimes, important numbers are not published at all. This article outlines how to cut through the confusion and read a specification sheet to determine the real-world accuracy of a pressure measurement device - from Flow Control.
The following technical papers are from oseco
Rupture Disc Terminology and Concepts - A comprehensive list here.
A Structured Method for Proper Selection of Rupture Disks for Safety Relief in Ammonia Plants - Jeff Scoville and Alan Wilson - Proper selection of a rupture disk is more than performing sizing calculations to make sure it is adequately sized for the emergency event. Criteria such as operating pressure and temperature, material selection, gasor liquid service, etc. must be evaluated to determine the best disk type for the application. The cost of not evaluating such criteria can be significant to operations if the ammonia plant has excessive “nuisance” failures of an improperly specified rupture disk. This paper will present a structured step-by-step method for determining the appropriate rupture disk type for an application - from Oseco Inc.
The Use of Certified KR for Rupture Disks - Jeff Scoville - The ASME Section VIII, Division 1, 1998 code established a new code symbol stamp for rupture disks in 1999 called “UD”. While the Code recognized rupture disks as acceptable pressure relief devices prior to this revision, there was no formal process for product certification. Very few manufacturers had performed flow testing of their products, therefore the methodologies for sizing relief systems reflected in the ASME Code and API Recommended Practices (RP) were estimates at best. The new UD stamp now requires any product carrying the stamp to be flow tested at an ASME PTC-25 accepted flow laboratory in the presence of a representative from the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors. Results of the flow testing are communicated directly to the user via the certified flow resistance factor (KR) and minimum net flow area (MNFA) stamped on the disk tag. These values are also published in the National Board Red Book, which also covers relief valves.
7 Steps to ICS and SCADA Security - This paper provides a process for operators to go through so that they can improve their cyber security practices and protect their facilities from modern cyber security threats - - From Tofino Security.
Cyber Security Nightmare in the Netherlands - Rob Hulsebos - The first two weeks of February have been exciting times in the Netherlands, with many cyber security incidents making headlines in the news. One of the most worrisome involved keeping my country, a country that is below sea level, dry. This task is delegated to industrial systems - and one would expect the safety of millions of people properly managed and kept up to the highest standards. But is it? - From Tofino Security.
Uninterruptible Power Supplies and Cybersecurity - Hackers can Remotely Power Down Critical Automation - Michael A Stout - The recent number of cyber-attacks and their level of sophistication have demonstrated the inadequate network security measures employed by many large corporations, government, and military agencies. Time is on the hackers’ side. They only have to find one unsecure computer or device on a segment of a corporate or governmental network, and they can use any number of methods to eventually gain access to critical data. Should they not be able to find an unsecured computer, they simply have to send a cleaver e-mail containing a one-off designer backdoor virus that will evade many corporate level antivirus software and firewalls—and again they are in - from the ISA and InTech.
SCADA Security: Justifying the Investment - Frank Williams - In the blog article Industrial Data Compromise – The New Business Risk it was recommended that End Users and Control Engineers need to redouble their efforts in relation to securing their process. However, finding the best way to justify the costs of implementing and maintaining a more secure process environment is new territory even for the most seasoned control system engineer. This article suggests a way to determine the right amount of investment in ICS and SCADA security measures.
Air Gaps won’t Stop Stuxnet’s Children - Eric Byres - As someone working in the field of industrial cyber security I never thought I would see the day when a cyber attack would be the topic of a prime time television show. Recently the U.S. program “60 Minutes” aired a segment called “Stuxnet: Computer worm opens new era of warfare,” If you have not seen it, I recommend viewing it. It does a good job of explaining a complex malware and it is interesting to learn about it from the people who were directly involved in deciphering and tracking it. Post-Stuxnet, well-designed ICS worms such as Night Dragon, Duqu and Nitro have been revealed. Each of them has focused on stealing intellectual property such as oil field bids, SCADA operations data, design documents and other information that could cause business harm. This focus on industrial data compromise is new, and signals a new era of industrial malware.
Technical information on Cryogenic Ball, Gate, Globe and Check Valves - In the Oil and Gas industry, valves are exposed to some of the most extreme conditions imaginable. Corrosive and erosive environments and extremely high and low temperatures for example, require tough equipment, tough materials and tight tolerances. The technical links here provide engineering solutions. Check out our sponsor Prochem who have these solutions.
NEMA Publishes NEMA ICS 8 Application Guide for Industrial Control and Systems Crane and Hoist Controllers - Developed from the experience of member companies working with their customers and user base, ICS 8-2011 provides information useful to architects, electrical engineers, electrical contractors, maintenance engineers, and those responsible for installation of this equipment. This standard is not intended to replace the manufacturer’s instructions and does not alter meaning in all possible circumstances arising from the application, handling, storage, and installation of this equipment. NEMA ICS 8 may be downloaded at no cost at www.nema.org/stds/ics8.cfm.
NEMA Publishes ANSI/NEMA FB 1, NEMA FB 2.10, and NEMA FB 2.20 for Conduit and Cable Fittings - The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) has published ANSI/NEMA FB 1 Fittings, Cast Metal Boxes and Conduit Bodies for Conduit, Electrical Metallic Tubing, and Cable; NEMA FB 2.10 Selection and Installation Guidelines for Fittings for use with Non-Flexible Conduit or Tubing (Rigid metal Conduit, Intermediate Metallic Conduit, and Electrical Metallic Tubing); and NEMA FB 2.20 Selection and Installation Guidelines for Fittings for use with Flexible Electrical Conduit and Cable.
Calibration Terminology - Details on calibration terms - from Beamex.
Calibration of Test Equipment for Maintenance Purposes - The responsibility of an Approved Maintenance Organisation (AMO) is to provide within its Maintenance Organisation Manual (Policy and Procedures Manual (or equivalent document) a list of all test equipment that must be calibrated and the process to track the calibration - from Civil Aviation Safety Authority.
The following papers are from Acromag.
How to Prevent Temperature Measurement Errors When Installing Thermocouple Sensors and Transmitters - This paper reviews thermocouple behaviour and outlines some of the problems that people encounter when connecting to thermocouples to measure temperature. It contains helpful information for minimizing system error so that you can get the best possible performance from your thermocouple temperature measurement system. It is written primarily for industrial users of thermocouples and thermocouple transmitters, but much of this information can be extended to any thermocouple instrument.
A Comparison of Thermocouple and RTD Temperature Sensors - Many users simply look to fill the basic needs of their application and do not worry much about their choice of temperature sensing technology. That is, they will make a selection based simply on temperature range and their own bias, perhaps based on their familiarity with a particular sensor type. At a minimum, an informed sensor choice should first consider (a) Measurement range, including the range extensions of shutdown, startup, and process upset (b) The response time and (c) The sensor stability, accuracy, and sensitivity in the application environment. The optimum choice between thermocouple and RTD can be difficult. There is a lot of overlap between these sensors at the more popular lower end of the operating temperature range. So for sensors that cover the same operating range, and applications where response time is not a driving issue, plus stability, accuracy, and sensitivity are acceptable, it is necessary to compare characteristics between sensors to find the best fit for a given application.
The Basics of Temperature Measurement Using Thermocouples - This paper looks at important characteristics the thermocouple. There are important points about thermocouples that must be understood and this white paper will help you to make an informed selection between sensor types and avoid potential problems in your application.
The Basics of Temperature Measurement Using RTDs - This paper provides information for choosing a Resistance Temperature Detector (RTD) sensor type. After a review of the basic construction of an RTD it looks at an RTDs Temperature Coefficient of Resistance (TCR), its sensitivity, accuracy, interchangeability, repeatability, stability and drift, corrosion and contamination effects, shock and vibration effects, insulation resistance, lead-wire resistance, self-heating effects, meter-loading, packaging and thermal transfer considerations, response time, and thermoelectric effects.
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Composite Valves - Thanks to our sponsor Austral-Powerflo Solutions ICEweb's Composite Valve page has been completely reworked and the following links have been added;
Specialist Power Plant Valves - Thanks to our sponsor Austral-Powerflo Solutions ICEweb's Specialist Power Plant Valve page has been completely reworked and the following links have been added;
Advanced Composite Valves selected for CVN-78 Gerald R Ford Nuclear Aircraft Carrier - Nil-Cor a manufacturer of corrosion resistant, light weight composite valves, will be supplying non-metallic ball valves for the new CVN-78 GERALD R. FORD-class nuclear powered aircraft carriers. This will be the first time that the U.S. Navy has installed non-metallic valves aboard a combatant vessel. Nil-Cor is the world’s largest manufacturer of composite valves, which are not affected by the corrosive nature of seawater and also provide a substantial weight savings.
Stay Cool when Overheating - Cooling of superheated steam is usually performed by the boiler feed water, which is sprayed directly into the steam pipes by fine nozzles. Sometimes, in the event of extreme condition (excessive temperature), quick transition from high to low temperatures can result in thermal shock at the walls of the cooler. The experts at HORA developed a shock therapy named Cooled Cooler to overcome this problem. It prevents an abrupt cooling process and minimizes the risk of thermal stress at materials and the resulting damage.
|The Quick Guide to AC Variable Frequency Drives - Variable Frequency Drives are growing in importance every day as you see them being increasingly used The reason is easy. Variable Frequency Drives are the best thing that ever happened to the ac induction motor, as you can now control these motors in a variety of ways, which were not at all possible earlier. However, information on how to use these drives is not very easily available. Your search is over! Download now the quick guide to ac variable frequency drives immediately and never have to search for anything else on VFDs again! Price only US$57|
Thanks to our sponsor Invensys Triconex ICEweb's Safety Instrumented Systems page has been extensively upgraded with the addition of 31 technical papers - so if you need more information on SIS just go to this page as a first "port of call"!
Comprehensive E-learning course on Safety Instrumented Systems -from Abhisam Software
E-learning course on SAFETY INSTRUMENTED SYSTEMS - This comprehensive course covers ALL aspects of Safety Instrumented Systems in seven modules including ; Basic Concepts of SIS, Hazard & Risk Analysis, Failures & Reliability, Safety Integrity Level - Includes how to assess and verify Safety Integrity Level (SIL) , Standards used in SIS and SIS in practice including maintenance.. For full details of the contents see here.
Price is an unbelievable US$ 399! Please send your requirement to firstname.lastname@example.org .
Coming Soon - E-learning Course on VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) - This e-learning course will cover VOCs in detail, with worked examples, interactive animated simulations, real plant photos and examples/case studies. If you've been hunting for an easy to understand training course on VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds), you've come to the right place, but just a wee bit early. That's great, because you are now eligible for an "early bird unbelievable discount offer"! Claim it by sending an email to email@example.com For those of you who do not know what VOCs are look here.
|Now Available from Abhisam Software! HAZOP (Hazard and Operability Study) e-learning course with CERTIFICATION of COMPETENCY - HAZOP study (short for Hazard and Operability Study) is a well known hazard analysis tool used for process safety management and HSE risk assessment of plants and facilities. However, there are very few training courses out there that teach the HAZOP study technique thoroughly well, in a structured manner. Ditto for books-many of them are outdated and not as relevant as they once were. Hence Abhisam Software created this e-learning course, so that you need not refer to boring, outdated and irrelevant books to learn HAZOP. What you need is a practical, "why-we-do-it and how-to-do-it" training course and this is it! This e-learning course covers HAZOP in detail, that will make you a pro in hazard and risk analysis, HSE risk assessment and related areas of process safety management. It is NOT merely somebody's outdated boring power point slide presentation or a text book in electronic format. It is a full fledged e-learning course with interactive animations & simulations, videos, worked examples, HAZOP worksheet templates and much more! Forget attending classroom training with boring Powerpoint Slides, this e-learning course will have plenty of graphics and interactive animations that make learning so much more easier and fun! Besides you can also get a Certificate of Competency in HAZOP if you take our online test after completing this course. There is no additional charge for this!|
New Video from Moore Industries Highlights the Use of the STA Safety Trip Alarm in Safety Instrumented Systems - Moore Industries has produced a new video showing how its STA Safety Trip Alarm serves as a logic solver that goes beyond what customers would expect from a standard alarm trip. The video shows how the STA can monitor potentially hazardous events as well as initiating emergency shutdown procedures or alerting personnel of unsafe process conditions
Mobrey Horizontal Magnetic Float Level Switches are Approved for Safety Instrumented Systems - Emerson Process Management have announced that selected models of its Mobrey Horizontal Magnetic Float Level Switches have been certified in accordance with IEC61508 to attain (Safety Integrity Level) SIL 1 for a single device and SIL 2 for a pair of devices. Following successful third-party evaluation by global organization Exida, Mobrey Horizontal Magnetic Float Level Switches have the required Failure Modes, Effects and Diagnostic Analysis (FMEDA) report. The models assessed and certified are typically used in the oil and gas, power, refining and chemical industries, and are ideal for high and low liquid level alarm, overfill alarm, and pump control duties.
New Tank Over Fill and Spill Protection Standard - As a direct result of the Buncefield explosion, the American Petroleum Institute's Recommended Practice 2350 is being revised and updated to help prevent future incidents. It should be noted that there are similar storage terminals spread across Canada and the world. Many are currently in the process of updating to these standards. Of particular interest, are storage facilities fed by a pipeline, or from a ship, as the potential spill risk is greater than those fed by truck or rail. The API 2350 4th edition will require most petroleum storage tanks over 5000 litres to have an independent level alarm for critical high level. Past practices of taking a high level or overfill alarm off the main tank level gauge (commonly a radar level device) are no longer allowed. A back up device is now required that can be a second transmitter (continuous level indication) or more cost effectively a point level switch. Depending on the overfill prevention category of the vessel, these switches may be mechanical or electronic. While there are several potential alarm points, here we are discussing the independent alarm required for the "High-High" alert - from Magnetrol
Eclipse®705 receives SIL3 Certificate from Exida - Magnetrol International, Incorporated has announced that exida, an accredited global functional safety certification company, has certified the product reliability and the engineering change processes for the Eclipse® Model 705 Guided Wave Radar Transmitter as Safety Integrity Level (SIL) 3 capable per IEC 61508. SIL certification is obtained through analysis based on quantitative data and tests indicating the length of time between failures and expected performance in the field. A Failure Mode Effect and Diagnostic Analysis (FMEDA) confirmed that the Magnetrol® Eclipse Model 705 has demonstrated a solid field use history, includes sound engineering processes, and is designed with capable self-diagnostics. Download the IEC61508 Functional Safety Assessment here.
This brand new page covers technical aspects of all the above devices! The signal problem solver from Moore Industries is very useful, have a look at it along with many other useful links here.
Signal Conditioning - This article reviews signal conditioning equipment features such as accuracy, adjustability, isolation, surge withstand capability, RFI/EMI protection, packaging, and repairability. Where possible, it also examines the relative importance of various features.
The following Wireless Links are thanks to our sponsor Abhisam Software http://www.abhisam.com/index.htm
RFID Case Study ebook -This excellent 61 page technical reference has details on 25 different RFID applications from around the world. The password to the document is "abhisam". . http://www.iceweb.com.au/Newtech/RFID/RFIDCaseStudyBook.pdf
|RFID e-learning course. A comprehensive training course on RFID, that makes a pro out of YOU, without being away from home or office. With a discounted cost of only US$89 for the online version or direct download for only US$99 it will not out make a hole in your pocket! See the new video.|
Sponsor Abisham Software have provided the world's first FREE RFID e-learning course which is a no obligation , no strings attached, absolutely free RFID course, that can be downloaded to your own PC and you can view it without any restrictions at all! Plus it's a REAL e-learning course, NOT somebody's stale Power-Point presentation! It has plenty of flash based animations, graphics and text, with a self-assessment test. The visuals help you learn key concepts QUICKLY and EASILY.
Wireless Standards Attract and Detract! - Industrial Standards both Drive and Inhibit Wireless Potential in Process Manufacturing - The prospect of adding wireless devices to the process automation architecture is a compelling one from the perspective of tangible business benefits and incremental operational improvements. Availability of robust industrial wireless network protocols, such as WirelessHART and ISA100.11a, for use with IEEE standard technology makes the prospect even more attractive relative to past proprietary, often standalone wireless implementations. This potential is somewhat offset, however, by competition between these standards that leads customers to fear that wireless is emerging as the next platform for the automation fieldbus wars - from the excellent Readout.
Yokogawa Expands Its Line up of ISA100.11a Compliant Wireless Devices - Yokogawa Electric Corporation has announced that it has developed three new field wireless system devices and enhanced existing wireless pressure and temperature transmitters, all of which are compliant with the ISA100.11a*1 wireless standard. The first of these products were scheduled to be released in March 2012. These new wireless products can be used to construct highly reliable large-scale plant networks, and may also be incorporated in small- and medium-sized networks that already utilise their existing products, substantially expanding their capability. To meet this demand for large and reliable plant wireless networks, they have developed three new field wireless system devices and enhanced two existing field wireless transmitters.
Video of a Multi-Vendor Solution of ISA 100.11a in Action - Days after the ISA 100.11a standard was approved, an ISA 100 network was installed at Arkema, a world-class producer of industrial chemicals, in Crosby, Texas with devices from Yokogawa, Nivis, Gastronics and, Honeywell. The Arkema Chemical plant in Crosby, TX is the site of a multi-vendor wireless field-device installation using ISA100.11a devices and networking infrastructure. This video shows how the system was configured and installed in this brownfield installation under the guidance of the ISA100.11a Wireless Compliance Institute.
If you would like to have your event listed in ICEtime, please send a note or press release to ICEnews.
Take a look at ISA's comprehensive calendar of Automation events
7 - 9 Automation Technology Egypt 2011 - Cairo Int'l Conferences Center, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
14 - 18 12th ISA LDAR-Fugitive Emissions Symposium - Astor Crowne Plaza, New Orleans, LA 70130, United States
3 - 8 ISA Power Industry Division Symposium - Austin, Texas, USA
4 - 8 58th International Instrumentation Symposium - Hyatt Regency La Jolla, 3777 La Jolla Village Drive San Diego, CA 92122, USA
5 - 7 ISA Communications Division Symposium - Hyatt Regency La Jolla, 3777 La Jolla Village Drive San Diego, CA 92122, USA
6 - 7 Sensors Expo and Conference - Donald E Stephens Convention Centre, Rosemont, IL, USA
12 -14 Industrial Flow Measurement Seminar - Chateau LeMoyne, New Orleans, USA
26 - 28 Hazardous Areas Conference for Manufacturing , Mining Processing & Utilities - Medina Executive, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
24 -26 Instrumentation, Process Control and Automation Conference For Mining, Industry and Utilities - The Mercure, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
7 - 9 2012
ISA Water & Wastewater and Automatic Controls Symposium - Holiday Inn
Resort - The Castle, Orlando, FL US
17 - 20 American School of Gas Measurement Technology - Marriott Houston Westchase, Houston. Texas, USA
18 -19 Energy and Low Carbon Conference - London UK
24 -27 ISA Automation Week 2012 - Orange County Convention Center, Orlando, FL USA
16 - 18 OPC Foundation - OPC Technology Summit - Orlando, Florida, USA
23 - 26 30th International North Sea Flow Measurement Workshop - St Andrews, Scotland, UK
6 -8 Brazil Automation ISA 2012 - Expo Center Norte - Sao Paulo - Brazil
The following companies have kindly contributed to the creation and sharing of this information by offsetting the costs associated with its production and distribution.
Learn anytime, anywhere by taking advantage of our e-learning courses. These e-learning courses are available in a variety of ways including as online learning courses, SCORM & AICC compliant courses which can be hosted on your Learning
They have e-learning courses on the following subjects:
E-learning course on Gas Monitors
E-learning course on RFID
E-learning course on Hazardous Area Instrumentation
M-learning course on RFID.
HAZOP (Hazard and Operability Study) e-learning course with CERTIFICATION of COMPETENCY
For further details please contact via their website Abhisam http://www.abhisam.com/
Well recognised by such brand names as Circle Seal Controls, Hoke Gyrolok fittings and Go Regulators, CIRCOR International Inc is a leading supplier of valves, related products and services to a wide range of users who require precise, efficient and safe fluid control systems. For over 125 years they have been providing a complete array of fluid control products and technologies to a highly fragmented industry.
For more information
go to http://www.circortechnologies.com/
Analytics group of
companies provides gas detection solutions in industries where
potentially hazardous chemicals and gases exist.
A full range of fixed gas, portable gas and flame detection
equipment is available for the measurement of flammable gases, toxic
gases and oxygen concentrations. The
company provides design, development and manufacture of electrochemical,
catalytic and infrared sensors, along with Chemcassette technology,
placing the company at the forefront of innovation. The company offers
solutions to increasingly difficult gas detection and monitoring
For more information go to http://www.iceweb.com.au/Suppliers/honeywell_analytics.html
Prochem is Australia’s leading supplier of quality stainless steel piping and mechanical instrumentation products. They are agents for a huge range of instrumentation products including Hoke Gyrolok, Hoke Instrumentation Valves, Circor Tech Products, Go Regulators, Circle seal, Atkomatic Solenoid Valves, Classic Filters, Manual Sample Systems, King Instrument Company , Hoke Pipe Fittings , Anderson Greenwood Instrument Valves , Anderson Greenwood Primary Isolation Valves , Pacson Valves and ATC Actuators, BSM Valves, O'Brien Tracepak and O'Brien Analytical, BuTech , Stainless Steel Tube, Saddles and Leak Check , Teflon Lined Braided Hoses.
Digital communications is becoming more prevalent in the industrial environment but unfortunately the skills necessary to implement the technology have not kept pace with either its introduction or scale of acceptance. Industrial Automation Networks has been created to fill the gap in knowledge and expertise in this area for all phases of a project life cycle.
Industrial Automation Networks Inc. intent is to "Make Industrial Networks Easy" by making them reliable and of high value to you the End User.
Instrumentation; instrument and systems engineering, design,
documentation and management for the entire plant lifecycle.
AVEVA Instrumentation provides a comprehensive, powerful and intuitive suite of software tools which support the entire lifecycle of a plant’s instrumentation and control systems. Engineers and plant designers will find their work easier and more productive, thanks to its extensive catalogue- and rules-based functions and unique features such as graphical ‘drag and drop’ design. Plant operators will appreciate a dedicated, affordable solution which makes handover and commissioning more efficient and which goes on to save time and cost throughout the continuing processes of maintenance, modification and upgrade.
evaluations have consistently reported substantial gains in productivity
compared with rival products. To see why, visit www.aveva.com/instrumentation
for product information. To see AVEVA Instrumentation in action, visit www.aveva.com/events
for details of AVEVA roadshows and events near you, or contact your
nearest AVEVA sales office to arrange a demonstration on your premises.
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